I was born Dyslexic and had great difficulty in speaking and reading a simple sentence. Born in a Brooklyn Jewish family, and not being able to read or speak coherently, rendered me stupid in the eyes of my parents and siblings. A Jew who was left back as many times as I was became a great disappointment to my parents. Having a photographic memory allowed me to learn how to speed read by taking an Evelyn Woods Reading Dynamic course. The damage was already done in my relationships with my family. I was always looked upon as a stupid person, even though I possess three college degrees today.
There are different approaches to reading. Some prefer the whole word approach, and others prefer the phonics approach. But trying to decipher how to read the word is about stage 4 in the reading process, not stage one. And this is because we never read the word that is on the page. We only EVER read the word that shows up in our consciousness.The first stage is that the reader needs to know WHERE the word is on the page. Then they need to direct their eyes to that word. They need to be able to align both their eyes accurately on that word, and they need to be able to focus their eyes comfortably on that word. They also need the ability to understand where the next word is and to be able to move there. They need the ability to do that all in an easy manner that does not interfere with the simultaneous task of visual processing and phonological decoding. Most of the above skills are not assessed in most kids with dyslexia, and it is nothing sort of tragic. You can read more on http://www.aaopt.org/Media/Default/Newsletters/Revised%20Oct%2018_BVPPO_Position_paper%20AAO%20website%20formatFINAL.pdf .
My professional life is dedicated towards the diagnosis and management of people whose visual system is interfering with their ability to reach their learning potential.