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October 30, 2014 / 6 Heshvan, 5775
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‘You Murder the Children’: Rav Soloveitchik on Abortion

Rav Soloveitchik stated that "to me it is something vulgar, this clamor of the liberals that abortion be permitted."
Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik

Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik
Photo Credit: Rabbi Irwin Albert

When one thinks of Modern Orthodoxy, Rav Joseph B. Soloveitchik zt”l soon comes to mind for his leadership thereof. In our time, however, Modern Orthodoxy has become a vague term with problematic tendencies. As Rabbi Steven Pruzansky–who has numerous shiurim on Yeshiva University’s Torah website–recently wrote, “Too often, one finds in the Modern Orthodox world grievances of one sort or another against this or that aspect of Torah, as if Jews get to sit in judgment of God and His Torah.”

No issue might better crystallize the dissonance between Rav Soloveitchik’s Modern Orthodoxy and today’s than abortion. Let us consider the great man’s views.

During a shiur on Parashat Bo in 1975, Rav Soloveitchik stated that “to me it is something vulgar, this clamor of the liberals that abortion be permitted,” adding:

“I consider the society of today as insane…I read from the press that in Eretz Yisrael they permit abortions now! Sapir [probably Pinchas Sapir] comes to the US and asks that 60,000 boys and girls should leave the US and settle in Eretz Yisrael. When a child is born, it’s also immigration to Eretz Yisrael, and yet you murder the children.”

Rav Soloveitchik then predicted:

“And if you kill the fetus, a time will come when even infants will be killed…The mother will get frightened after the baby will be born…and the doctor will say her life depends upon the murder of the baby. And you have a word, mental hygiene, whatever you want you can subsume under mental hygiene…And there is now a tendency for rabbis in the US to march along with society, otherwise they’ll be looked upon as reactionaries.”

Similar remarks appear in Reflections of the Rav:

“If the dominant principle governing the logos ["thinking capacity"] is that abortion is morally permissible because only a mother has a right to decide whether she wishes to be a mother, then infants may similarly have their lives terminated after birth. What if the child interferes with the promising brilliant career of the mother?”

These words might be jarring for those who view Rav Soloveitchik as the mild-mannered author of philosophically oriented books like The Lonely Man of Faith. Equally if not more jarring might be Rav Soloveitchik’s statements on sexual morality, which I discussed a few months ago.

Specific to abortion, one might counter that Rav Soloveitchik permitted an unborn child with Tay-Sachs disease to be aborted through the sixth month, but this proves just the opposite, namely: 1) What does this narrow, tragic case indicate about Rav Soloveitchik’s general view of abortion? 2) What does it indicate about Rav Soloveitchik’s view of abortion after the sixth month even in the case of Tay-Sachs? And vis-à-vis those who claim a woman’s absolute right to “terminate a pregnancy” at any point, I doubt such an attempt to (mis)represent Rav Soloveitchik as a “moderate” on abortion would be received agreeably. In this regard, one of Rav Soloveitchik’s sons-in-law, Rav Aharon Lichtenstein, shlita, has observed in the context of abortion:

“Even if we were to accept that indeed it is the woman’s own body, we totally reject the conception that she then can do with it as she pleases. This is a completely anti-halakhic perception [emphasis added]. It rests on a secular assumption that, as it were, ‘My Nile is my own; I made it for myself’ (Yechezkel 29:3), as if we are the source of our own existence and therefore the masters of our own being. This is assuredly not the case.”

Rav Lichtenstein summarizes the worldview of that anti-halakhic perception as follows:

“The essence of modern secular culture is the notion of human sovereignty; individual man is master over himself, and collective man is master over his collective… From a religious point of view, of course, eilu va-eilu divrei avoda zara—both approaches are idolatrous. Here one establishes individual man as an idol, and the one idolizes, in humanistic terms, humanity as a whole. The basis of any religious perception of human existence is the sense that man is not a master: neither a master over the world around him, nor a master over himself.”

Yes, Rav Soloveitchik earned a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Berlin (as likewise Rav Lichtenstein earned a Ph.D. in English literature from Harvard). Yes, Rav Soloveitchik enjoyed classical music (especially Bach). And first and foremost, Rav Soloveitchik was a Torah Jew for whom Halachah was not some intellectual game or cultural style, rather an all-encompassing conviction with profound social implications. Thus his denunciations of abortion, which derived from the same worldview as these remarks in 1953:

“I refuse to deal with any halakhic essay, regardless of its scholastic merits or fallacies, prepared by a representative of a group whose philosophy is diametrically opposed to Torah and tradition and which does not accept the authority of Halakhah as a Divine and transcendental guide for the individual and the community.”

If those remarks and the aforementioned on abortion rub some Modern Orthodox Jews the wrong way—if they sound too “judgmental” and insufficiently “progressive” or “tolerant”—maybe introspection is the order of the day. Maybe more than a few Jews who honor Shabbat and keep kosher have internalized false values in other fundamental areas to disastrous effect. The edifying potential of Rav Soloveitchik’s brilliant conscience is so immense, if only we have the humility and courage to reflect upon it.

About the Author: Menachem Ben-Mordechai has written for numerous publications on subjects ranging from Israel and Latin America to the sport of powerlifting and life insurance. He has also coached elite powerlifters as well as beginners. Menachem's other writing can be found under the name Myles Kantor.


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17 Responses to “‘You Murder the Children’: Rav Soloveitchik on Abortion”

  1. Jennifer Waybright says:

    bingo!

  2. I guess he disagrees with the Torah and the Halacha, which give the choice to a woman to proceed -or not- with the pregnancy based on her ability to care for herself (and the children she may already have).

  3. I guess he disagrees with the Torah and the Halacha, which give the choice to a woman to proceed -or not- with the pregnancy based on her ability to care for herself (and the children she may already have).

  4. Myriam Obadia says:

    I guess he disagrees with the Torah and the Halacha, which give the choice to a woman to proceed -or not- with the pregnancy based on her ability to care for herself (and the children she may already have).

  5. Myriam Obadia says:

    I guess he disagrees with the Torah and Halacha which give a woman the right to choose whether or not to proceed with the pregnancy, based on her ability to provide for a child without harming herself (or shortchanging the children she may already have). As an Orthodox Jew, he should accept the fact that Hashem gave men the duty to make children, while he gave the choice to do so to women.

  6. I guess he disagrees that the Torah actually says that. I would tend to rely on his scholarship and piety. Not yours.

  7. I guess he disagrees that the Torah actually says that. I would tend to rely on his scholarship and piety. Not yours.

  8. "Rav Soloveitchik permitted an unborn child with Tay-Sachs disease to be aborted through the sixth month," Therein lies the weakness. He permitted it until the sixth month, in the case of Tay-Sachs. Why not only until the fifth or the second, or why not up to the eighth or ninth? Why just Tay-Sachs? Is it because of personal revulsion, or a view to the "beginning of human life", or the hardships ot child or parent or both, if the child were to be let live? But what does that say about other "undesireable" conditions, other "undesirable" people – such as the senile elderly, the burdonsome, etc. ? Much better to not make the exception that the Rav makes.

  9. "Rav Soloveitchik permitted an unborn child with Tay-Sachs disease to be aborted through the sixth month," Therein lies the weakness. He permitted it until the sixth month, in the case of Tay-Sachs. Why not only until the fifth or the second, or why not up to the eighth or ninth? Why just Tay-Sachs? Is it because of personal revulsion, or a view to the "beginning of human life", or the hardships ot child or parent or both, if the child were to be let live? But what does that say about other "undesireable" conditions, other "undesirable" people – such as the senile elderly, the burdonsome, etc. ? Much better to not make the exception that the Rav makes.

  10. Myriam Obadia says:

    Michael Mostofsky you rely on whomever you wish. I am just stating a fact: the Halacha allows abortion in case the pregnancy is deleterious to the mother's health or the welfare of her other children. Baruch Hashem, I never had to make such a dreadful choice, but Hashem did give that right to me in case I needed it.

  11. Bert Schlossberg says:

    "the Halacha allows abortion in case the pregnancy is deleterious to the mother's health or the welfare of her other children". In the case that pregnancy causes a weakness or backpains to the mother or some other deleterious condition, does Halacha allow an abortion? If the money for school supplies has now to be streched, at the birth of a baby, to cover four living children instead five living children in a poor family, does that halacha allow the abortion of that fifith?

  12. Bert Schlossberg says:

    "the Halacha allows abortion in case the pregnancy is deleterious to the mother's health or the welfare of her other children". In the case that pregnancy causes a weakness or backpains to the mother or some other deleterious condition, does Halacha allow an abortion? If the money for school supplies has now to be streched, at the birth of a baby, to cover four living children instead five living children in a poor family, does that halacha allow the abortion of that fifith?

  13. Myriam Obadia says:

    It allows it in case the detriments are serious enough. I doubt very much back pain qualifies, but should the mother need to choose between not getting a cancer treated and aborting in order to receive prompt treatment, I do think the Halacha allows her to abort the fetus. The case of welfare of the other children is actually specifically mentioned by the rabbanim: a breast feeding mother who becomes pregnant is allowed to abort the new fetus, so that the baby she already has isn't deprived of his need of both the milk and the constant care of his/her mother. The Torah and Halacha always give priority to the person already alive over the potential life of a fetus.

  14. Myriam Obadia says:

    It allows it in case the detriments are serious enough. I doubt very much back pain qualifies, but should the mother need to choose between not getting a cancer treated and aborting in order to receive prompt treatment, I do think the Halacha allows her to abort the fetus. The case of welfare of the other children is actually specifically mentioned by the rabbanim: a breast feeding mother who becomes pregnant is allowed to abort the new fetus, so that the baby she already has isn't deprived of his need of both the milk and the constant care of his/her mother. The Torah and Halacha always give priority to the person already alive over the potential life of a fetus.

  15. Ravcherri says:

    Excellent article and not what the MOs want to hear.

  16. Brian Kent says:

    Myriam Obadia "or the welfare of the other children".? I never heard of that heter. Can you kindly provide a source in which you say the rabbanim permit this?

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