web analytics
April 28, 2015 / 9 Iyar, 5775
At a Glance
Blogs
Sponsored Post


In Hebrew: Purim Vocabulary

A daily dose of Hebrew.
F130223DG06

Photo Credit: Dror Garti/Flash90

מְגִלָּה – literally, scroll, often referring to the scroll from which the Book of Esther is read publicly. Root is ג.ל.ל (g.l.l) meaning rolling.

תַּעֲנִיתa fast, synonymous with צוֹם, related to the word עוֹנִי meaning poverty and strife.

מִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת – literally, deliveries of portions, referring to the gifts of food Jews give one another on Purim. Term appears in the Book of Esther.

מַתָּנוֹת לָאֶבְיוֹנִיםgifts for the poor, which Jews give on Purim. אֶבְיוֹן is one of the many Biblical-Hebrew words for a poor person. Term appears in the Book of Esther.

סְעוּדָהa meal, synonymous with the more widespread word in Modern Hebrew, אֲרוּחָה. Root is ס.ע.ד (s.a.d) meaning satiation.

מִשְׁתֶּהa feast, a banquet, deriving from the root שׁ.ת.ה meaning drinking. In the Book of Esther, משתה figures prominently in the plotline.

פּוּרִים – plural of פּוּר meaning lottery, possibly from the ancient Semitic language, Akkadian.

שִׁכּוֹר, לְהִשְׁתַּכֵּר- drunk, to get drunk, from the Biblical and Modern Hebrew word for liquor, שֵׁכָר.

לְהִתְפַּכֵּחַto sober up. See last year’s YDDH entry on this.

אָזְנֵי הָמָן – these triangular cookies resemble the ears of (the Purim villain) Haman, which is what the Hebrew term means literally

תַּחְפּוֹשֶׂת, לְהִתְחַפֵּשׂ – think of the children… all dressed up. Literally, a costume and to get dressed up.

לִתְלוֹתto hang. Can be done with laundry or with naughty people such as Haman.

אִגֶּרֶתa letter, as appearing in the Book of Esther. In Modern Hebrew, מִכְתָב refers to your garden-variety piece of post, while אגרת refers to letters written for more official occasions.

וְנַהֲפוֹךְ הוּאand it was turned upside down, the classic term from the Book of Esther, embodying the spirit of Purim.

Visit Ktzat Ivrit.

About the Author: Ami Steinberger is founder and director of Ulpan La-Inyan.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “In Hebrew: Purim Vocabulary”

Comments are closed.

Kitzat Ivrit Logo
Current Top Story
Aftermath of a rock-throwing attack in Samaria.
Arab Teen Attacker Shot, 2 Israelis Hurt in Attacks
Latest Blogs Stories
Moment of Silence 1

By not standing you are drawing distinctions between religious & secular, AND religious & religious.

A Soldier's Mother

Israel’s radio is like a voice from home…

empirestatebuildinginnewyorkgeneralview4361.jpeg

Truly, in the modern world, we live in the time of ‘What’s in it for me?’ The time of the ‘selfie’!

A Soldier's Mother

My final reaction remains – who builds a mountain of ashes, who turns it into a “tourist” site?

Is the recent increase in Arab terror attacks related to the fact that there’s no new government?

They called it “religious coercion” but it was really “secular coercion” and secular intolerance.

One exciting element of traveling is that it was my first time ever doing so as a dual-citizen!

Attackers of this innocent religious solider had been brainwashed that Israel is evil & illegitimate

How can you take care of the one you love and look after your finances at the same time?

Celebrating 67 years of democratic independence, surviving wars&threats; so much to be thankful for!

He was a Torah giant, uniquely exemplifying the Hashkafa of Torah U’Mada (Torah & worldly knowledge)

All Israel walks beside them, holding them in our hearts, listening, our hearts breaking with theirs

I’ve felt that if only we had established these communities sooner, then the victims would not have been killed

Is inflation always bad for the economy, and why is deflation not always an ideal situation?

It is the character of the individual that counts, not his sexual preferences.

Bibi gives a great speech, especially when talking to foreigners, but on policy, he’s very weak.

More Articles from Ami Steinberger
eyes

Eye contact in Hebrew, literally, is eye connection.

Eyal Yifrah (19), Gil-Ad Shayer(16) and Naftali Frenkel (16) , the three Israeli boys are the victims of kidnapping by Hamas terrorists.

If you follow the Hebrew news, a key word you need to know currently is “kidnapping.”

אָדָם מֻפְנָם, אָדָם מֻחְצָן  listen and repeat Some of us are naturally quiet, while others can be heard from a kilometer away. Introverts tend to keep their feelings and experiences inside, while Extroverts tend to be outgoing and expressive. The Hebrew term for introvert is אָדָם מֻפְנָם  listen and repeat – literally, an introverted person. מופנם  listen and repeat, an adjective deriving from the passive-causative […]

עִם מַבָּט קָדִימָה  listen and repeat While the close of a year is a time to look back, the start of a new one is a time to look ahead. The Hebrew expression for looking ahead is לִהְיוֹת עִם מַבָּט קָדִימָה  listen – literally, to be with a gaze forward – though the to be part is rarely used. […]

קוֹלוֹמְבּוּס גִּלָּה אֶת אָמֶרִיקָה Visit Ktzat Ivrit .

פְּעִילוּת  listen and repeat Some of us like grammar, and some of us don’t. The word verb excites some of us, while daunting others or making them drowsy. But most of us know that a verb is a word that indicates action. In Hebrew, this is easy to remember, since the very word for verb itself – פֹּעַל ( listen […]

מוּטָב מְאֻחָר מֵאֲשֶׁר לְעוֹלָם לֹא  listen and repeat Yesterday my great-uncle had his בַּר מִצְוָה ( listen and repeat) – Bar Mitzvah. Yes, my great uncle. He’s 82. Because when he was 13, he was in Auschwitz, where they didn’t do בר מצווה ceremonies. En route, I told the cab driver about the event. He made his comment […]

בְּיַחַד  listen and repeat Today is ט”וּ בְּאָב ( listen and repeat) – the 15th of the Jewish month of Av – which is the Jewish day of love. The Hebrew word for together is בְּיַחַד ( listen and repeat) (alternatively and more formally, יַחַד ( listen and repeat)). For example: טִיַּלְנוּ בְּיַחַד בַּמִּזְרָח. We traveled together in the east.  listen   You […]

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/blogs/ktzat-ivrit/in-hebrew-purim-vocabulary/2013/02/24/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: