The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s list of “Ten Most Wanted” fugitives dates back to 1950 but the list of “Most Wanted Terrorists” dates back to just after 9/11 and a sense that terrorism had become a strategic threat. Today, the list includes 31 individuals, all of them male and with a single exception (Daniel Andreas San Diego, an animal rights extremist), all of them Muslim:
* Abd al Aziz Awda – 1950, Palestinian, Palestinian Islamic Jihad * Abdelkarim Hussein Mohamed Al-Nasser – ca. 1947, Saudi, Saudi Hizbullah * Abdul Rahman Yasin – 1960, American, World Trade Center bombing in 1993 * Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah – 1963, Egyptian, Kenya and Tanzania embassy bombings in 1998 * Adam Yahiye Gadahn – 1978, American, Al-Qaeda * Adnan G. El Shukrijumah – 1975, Guyanese, Al-Qaeda * Ahmad Ibrahim Al-Mughassil – 1967, Saudi, Saudi Hizballah * Ali Atwa – ca. 1960, Lebanese, TWA hijacking in 1985 * Ali Saed Bin Ali El-Hoorie – 1965, Saudi, Saudi Hizballah * Anas Al-Liby – 1964, Libyan, Kenya and Tanzania embassy bombings in 1998 * Ayman Al-Zawahiri – 1951, Egyptian, Al-Qaeda * Faouzi Mohamad Ayoub – 1966, Lebanese, Lebanese Hizballah * Hakimullah Mehsud – ca. 1980, Pakistani, Pakistani Taliban * Hasan Izz-Al-Din – 1963, Lebanese, TWA hijacking in 1985 * Husayn Muhammad Al-Umari – 1936, Lebanese, 15 May Organization * Ibrahim Salih Mohammed Al-Yacoub – 1966, Saudi, Saudi Hizballah * Isnilon Totoni Hapilon – 1966, Filipino, Abu Sayyaf Group Jaber A. Elbaneh – 1966, Yemeni, Al-Qaeda Jamal Saeed Abdul Rahim – 1965, Palestinian, Pan Am hijacking in 1986 * Jamel Ahmed Mohammed Ali Al-Badawi – 1960, Yemeni, USS Cole bombing in 2000 * Jehad Serwan Mostafa – 1981, American, Al-Shabaab * Mohammed Ali Hamadei – 1964, Lebanese, Lebanese Hizballah * Muhammad Abdullah Khalil Hussain Ar-Rahayyal – 1965, Palestinian, Pan Am hijacking in 1986 * Muhammad Ahmed Al-Munawar – 1965, Palestinian, Abu Nidal Organization * Omar Shafik Hammami – 1984, American, Al-Shabaab * Raddulan Sahiron – ca. 1936, Filipino, Abu Sayyaf Group * Ramadan Abdullah Mohammad Shallah – 1958, Palestinian, Palestinian Islamic Jihad * Saif Al-Adel – ca. 1960, Egyptian, Al-Qaeda * Wadoud Muhammad Hafiz Al-Turki – 1955, Palestinian, Pan Am hijacking in 1986 * Zulkifli Abdhir – 1966, Malaysian, Kumpulun Mujahidin Malaysia
(1) Muslims make up 30 out of 31 most wanted terrorists, or about 97 percent of them. That’s a pretty good indication of what Bernard Lewis’ 1990 article famously called “Muslim rage” and why Islam-related issues have such prominence.
(2). Islamists make up 27 out of those 30; only the three perpetrators of the Pan Am 73 hijacking in 1986 (Rahayyal, Munawar, Turki), all connected to the Abu Nidal Organization, are not Islamists (or at least were not in 1986). This predominance of jihad reflects the Islamist hegemony among politically extreme Muslims.
(3) Ethnic Arabs make up 25 of the 30 terrorists. The largest numbers are 4 each of Lebanese, Palestinians, and Saudis, 3 each of Americans and Egyptians. Non-ethnic Arabs include 2 Filipinos, 1 Malaysian, 1 Pakistani, and 1 American convert. This high percentage confirms the sense that Arabic-speakers have the most pent-up hostility toward Americans.
(4) Most attacks by these most wanted fugitives date from the 1980s and 1990s – Khobar, TWA 847, East African embassies, WTC bombing. Symbolically of this relative antiquity, the only American airlines attacked by them were Pan American and TWA, both long defunct. This points to the greater success since 9/11 in both foiling and tracking terrorism, thanks to greater resources and more diligence.
(5) Also reflecting the long-ago quality of this most wanted list, note the striking pattern of their decadal birthdates:
1930s – 2 1940s – 1 1950s – 4 1960s – 18 1970s – 2 1980s – 3 1990s – 0
The average age is close to 50 – not exactly the prime time of life for terrorism. The youngest listee, Hammami, will be 29 years old in less than a week. The eldest two, Umari and Sahiron, are approaching 80.
About the Author: Daniel Pipes is a world-renowned Middle East and Islam expert. He is President of the Middle East Forum. His articles appear in many newspapers. He received his A.B. (1971) and Ph.D. (1978) from Harvard University and has taught at Harvard, Pepperdine, the U.S. Naval War College, and the University of Chicago. He is a board member of the U.S. Institute of Peace and other institutions. His website is DanielPipes.org.
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