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Chabad In Poland

         It is often said that in places you would least expect, there is certain to be a Beit Chabad. Even in the remotest regions on earth, people are likely to find the two symbols of civilization, Coke and Chabad.


 

         The one place that had no Chabad presence for 60 years, however, was the once flourishing home to millions of Jews – Poland. (Interestingly, it was from Warsaw that the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe escaped the Shoah and came to America.)

 

         It was thought that there were no more Jews in Poland after the Shoah and the persecution of the Communists. When the Rebbe was asked to send a shliach to Poland in 1989, he declined, supposedly saying that a Jewish community should not be reestablished where so much suffering occurred.

 

         That is not to say that Chabad never went to Poland. Often one would find Chabad students at various locales and events in Poland. There were even teachers living in Warsaw working at the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation who were Chabad. When I asked them how they could be in Poland in light of the Rebbe’s statement, they answered, “The Rebbe was talking about permanent shluchim, not those that are there for a short period.”

 

         It was in 2005 that the situation changed drastically. With the arrival of Rabbi Shalom B. Stambler and his establishment of the Beit Chabad of Warsaw, Chabad officially returned to Poland.

 

         I asked Rabbi Stambler the same question I asked the temporary shluchim. “How can he go against the Rebbe’s wishes?” Rabbi Stambler explained, “As long as there was no established community in Poland we stayed away. But now that the community is beginning to flourish again, with many Jews returning to their roots and others even coming to live in Poland from Israel and the U.S., there is now a need that was not evident when the Rebbe made his statement.”

 

         Today there are two Chabad centers in Poland. In Warsaw there is a synagogue, library, mikveh, restaurant and lounge at 19 Slominskiego, across from the Arkadia shopping mall. There are daily minyanim, classes, guidance and all the services one expects to find at a Beit Chabad. The restaurant serves breakfast, lunch and dinner, but people are asked to make reservations two days in advance, especially during the off season.

 

         The other Chabad center is in Krakow and is located in the Isaac Synagogue in the Jewish area known as Kazmerez. The center offers classes and has a kosher store and information center. There are kosher meals available at a nearby hotel under Chabad’s supervision.

 

         As a sign of the gaining popularity of Chabad in Poland, Rabbi Stambler was invited during the recent Chanukah holiday to light a menorah in the Polish parliament. A large public menorah was also lit in the park in the center of Warsaw, similar to those lit around the world.

 

         On a recent visit to Israel, Lech Walesa, the former leader of Solidarity (the organization that brought the fall of Communism in Poland) and the first president of free Poland since World War II, made a private visit to the home of Rabbi Stambler’s parents in Kfar Chabad, the main Chabad community in Israel.

 

         While Chabad has once again returned in strength to Poland, the non-Chabad local community continues to grow larger and stronger all the time with all the trappings of a proud Jewish community. There are kosher hotels in Lodz and in Krakow, both with kosher restaurants and mikvaot (the one in Lodz is still in the process of being built). Warsaw boasts a fully-stocked kosher food store and  restaurants plus a kollel, mikveh and active synagogue services,.

 

         For more information on Chabad in Poland, e-mail office@chabad.org.pl. For the Warsaw division call 48-22-637-53-52. For the Krakow division call 48-12-432-80-88 or e-mail chabad.krakow@gmail.com.

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More Articles from Shmuel Ben Eliezer
Arnold Fine 2008

I REMEMBER WHEN I first started working at the Jewish Press 18 years ago, Arnie who was in charge of the newsroom, took me under his wing…

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

Growing up in the U.S. during the second half of the 20th century, I, along with most people, know very little about the First World War. The little that I did know was about the trench warfare in France and Belgium. The Eastern Front was barely, if ever, mentioned and usually stated that it ended with the Russian Revolution and overthrowing the Czar.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/indepth/columns/chabad-in-poland/2008/01/23/

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