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October 25, 2014 / 1 Heshvan, 5775
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The Jewish Festival In Krakow

      This summer, from June 23 to July 1, the city of Krakow will play host to the 17th annual Jewish Cultural Festival, which as usual, is expected to be a resounding success. The festival celebrates Polish Jewish history, culture, art and music.

 

         There will be classes in Yiddish and paper cutting, a popular form of art in the shtetl. Tours will be given of the Jewish remains in Krakow, including the Oscar Schindler factory. Knowledgeable guides will lead explorations of the cemetery that contains the graves of many Jewish leaders and celebrated rabbis, such as the Remah and the Bach.

 

         A number of renowned kosher chefs will explain and demonstrate the delicacies and intricacies of kosher cooking. Chassidic dance and song are always perennial favorites at the festival. In addition, there will be a number of art shows as well as screenings of films on Jewish-related subjects.

 

         “People will be coming to Krakow to learn,” added Janusz Makuch, founder and director of the festival, “not just to be entertained.”

 

         The interest in Krakow’s Jewish history transcends all classes. Even Britain’s Prince Charles attended a festival, and after touring the sites, met for a drink with local members of the Krakow Jewish community, at Café Alef.

 

         Since the festival draws diverse people from all over Europe, many of the tours and events are given in both English and Polish. It is interesting to note that most of the people attending the festival are not Jewish, and for that reason, some people in the Jewish community stay away from Krakow at festival time with a feeling that their culture and history are being used for others’ financial gain.

 

 


Poster for the 17th annual Jewish Cultural Festival in Krakow.

 

 

         There is renewed curiosity about Jewish culture, which used to be such an integral part of the landscape of Poland. Parts of the festival are broadcast live yearly on Polish television. The festival also honors those Poles involved in the rescue of Jewish monuments and landmarks, including former synagogue buildings, cemeteries and schools. Plaques, as well, are put up where there are no longer any physical remains of the original structure.

 

         Jewish art themes are prominent throughout the city during the festival. The promotional posters for the festival have become collectors’ items. They are usually full of Jewish visual symbolism and have been widely recognized for the beauty of their designs.

 

         The largest draw, as always, is the music. Klezmermusic is said to have been born in Poland, and its strains can still be heard in some contemporary Polish music. The organizers of the festival bring klezmerists from Israel, Europe and the United States. Past performers have included Andy Statman, David Krakauer, Klezmer Madness, the festival’s Klezmer All Stars Orchestra and many others.

 

         Another important and popular part of the festival is the introduction of new Jewish books. The festival organizers bring the authors to Krakow where they discuss their work and run workshops.

 

         Though the largest by far, the festival in Krakow is not the only Jewish festival in Poland. Warsaw, with the largest Jewish population in Poland, has a festival in the square near the synagogue, with many participants. Wroclaw holds its festival in the middle of June. The town of Tarnow also has a four-day festival in June.

 

         The festivals usually take place on or about the anniversary of the date that the Nazis tried to kill all the Jews in the town. Adam Bartosh of Tarnow said, “We hold these festivals in remembrance of the dead, but also to prove that no matter how horrible the acts of the Germans, the Jews are still alive today. It is a celebration of life over death.”

 

         For more information, schedule of events and ticket information, go to the official festival website at www.jewishfestival.pl.

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I REMEMBER WHEN I first started working at the Jewish Press 18 years ago, Arnie who was in charge of the newsroom, took me under his wing…

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

Growing up in the U.S. during the second half of the 20th century, I, along with most people, know very little about the First World War. The little that I did know was about the trench warfare in France and Belgium. The Eastern Front was barely, if ever, mentioned and usually stated that it ended with the Russian Revolution and overthrowing the Czar.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/indepth/columns/the-jewish-festival-in-krakow/2007/05/30/

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