The American left clings to the myth that the antiwar movement ended the U.S. war in Vietnam. In fact, the antiwar movement failed to prompt any substantive changes in U.S. war policy.
Rather than “pricking the conscience of the nation,” as many on the left continue to claim, ill-kempt demonstrators waving Viet Cong flags and shouting “Ho, Ho, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam is gonna win” aroused the silent majority to eek out a close victory for Richard Nixon in 1968 and then four years later return him to the White House in a landslide after the Democratic Party, dominated by its radical fringe, nominated George McGovern. By then the antiwar movement was moribund.
Who got the United States out of Vietnam? It wasn’t the naïve children crusaders who supported antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy in the snows of the 1968 New Hampshire primary, nor was it the demonstrators who flocked to Chicago that summer to wreck the Democratic Convention. It wasn’t even the rioters who disrupted the tranquility of too many campuses by screeching “Hell No! We won’t go!”
The political leaders who extricated American forces from the Vietnam War, men like Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, came of age during the Great Depression and World War II. Indeed, most of the political, media and academic elites who fostered substantive changes and socio-political progress in the 60’s and 70’s were men and women educated in the 1940’s and 1950’s.
By contrast, the “turn on, tune in, and drop out” revelers of the 1960’s were children playing at revolution – with an emphasis on “playing.” For today’s radical left, comprised largely of graying or balding remnants of those campus revelers of yesteryear, the bad news is the current antiwar movement reflects a whiter shade of pale. Here is why:
First, while young people fueled the fires of the antiwar movement, the draft ignited that fuel. By 1969, two-thirds of college males were selecting academic majors leading to draft-exempt career fields.
Further, as graduate programs in universities and seminaries expanded, accommodating administrators lowered academic standards, opening their doors even wider to as many draft-dodging young men as possible. For the American academy the result was a generation of scholarly decline as curricula forsook traditional academic subjects for courses more attuned to multi-cultural, gender and class-oriented themes.
On the American religious scene there followed a 40-year membership decline in mainline Protestant denominations where church leaders – seminarians of the 60’s – seemed more concerned with pushing “progressive” issues like gay ordination and women’s reproductive rights than with presenting traditional Christian theology.
Second, the current student body differs markedly from that of the 60’s. Women constitute a majority of today’s undergraduate cohort, especially in the liberal arts. Male students, more concerned with future career aspirations, tend to practical majors in business, engineering and the hard sciences. Across American academe, as graduate programs in the liberal arts shrink, new offerings in subjects associated with national security studies and intelligence analysis expand.
Third, the Vietnam antiwar movement started small in early 1965 with teach-ins and then mushroomed into massive demonstrations by the decade’s end, its growth driven by the rapid escalation of American involvement and rising draft quotas. By contrast, the current antiwar movement started large and then rapidly dwindled.
One big reason is the absence of any threat of conscription. “Hell no! You won’t go!” (currently expressed as “Bring the troops home now!”) doesn’t hack it when America’s best and brightest fill the ranks of our all-volunteer military. And the left’s continuing insistence on its “support for the troops” echoes of nothing so much as the proverbial skin of a lie stuffed with a reason.
Fourth, while the moniker “war on terror” lacks strategic precision, most Americans understand the vicious nature of those Islamist terrorists who murdered 3,000 innocent people on 9/11. The reasons for fighting this war are much more apparent than were those ill-defined objectives offered by the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. Further, while some trendy 1960’s academic lefties waxed eloquent about the Viet Cong constituting the “moral equivalents of our founding fathers,” only the most jaded adherent to “America-as-behemoth” worldview could dismiss the pernicious evil motivating terrorists who praise Allah while slaughtering their victims.