12. A Memorial Candle, commemorating one’s parent(s), is lit during Yom Kippur. It reaffirms Honor Thy Father and Mother, providing another opportunity to ask forgiveness of one’s parent(s), as well as asking forgiveness on their behalf.
13. The Scroll of Jonas is read on Yom Kippur. It demonstrates that repentance and forgiveness is universal to all peoples. Among its lessons: commanding one to assume responsibility; getting involved socially/politically; sounding the alarm when wrong-doing is committed anywhere in the world; displaying compassion for all peoples and adhering to faithand optimism in defiance of all odds.
14. A long sound of the Shofar (תקיעה גדולה) concludes Yom Kippur. It commemorates thecovenant with God (the almost-sacrifice of Isaac), the receipt of the Torah on Mt. Sinai,Liberty (Jubilee) and the opening of Gods gates of forgiveness. The Hebrew root of Shofarשופר means to enhance/improve oneself (שפר). A Hebrew synonym for Shofar is Keseh, כסה, which also means cover-Kaporet-Kippur.
Originally at the Ettinger Report.