web analytics
March 2, 2015 / 11 Adar , 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Bathing, Washing And Swimming On Shabbat

One may not bathe in, wash or shower with water heated on Shabbat. Whether one may perform these activities with water heated before Shabbat is debated by Rav, who maintains that one may wash one’s entire body, limb by limb, in such water, and Shmuel, who maintains one may only wash one’s face, hands and feet in such water.

As with shehiyah and chazarah, the rabbis restricted the ways one may use such water for fear that a person might reheat water on Shabbat – an act that is forbidden according to all. Indeed, this fear was grounded in experience for, as the Talmud relates, originally one was allowed to bathe in water heated before Shabbat, but later the rabbis forbade it because the bathhouse attendants would heat the baths on Shabbat and claim they’d heated them before Shabbat.

The Shulchan Aruch determines the halacha in accordance with Shmuel’s opinion whereas the Rema determines it somewhere between Rav and Shmuel’s opinions – in other words, that one may wash one’s other limbs too in such water but not one’s entire body.

May one use hot water from the tap on Shabbat? This depends on whether the water coming out of the tap was heated on Shabbat, in which case it would be forbidden, or whether it was heated before Shabbat, in which case it would be permitted, subject to the restrictions described above.

But even if the initial water coming out of the hot water tap had been heated on Erev Shabbat, opening it on Shabbat would be prohibited if this would inevitably cause cold water to re-enter the boiler in the hot water’s place and be heated on Shabbat. Accordingly, Reb Moshe Feinstein permits using water from the hot water tap on Shabbat if one turns off the boiler approximately two hours before Shabbat. Turning off the boiler guarantees that cold water re-entering the boiler will not be heated on Shabbat, neither by the fire nor by the hot water in the boiler, which by Shabbat would have cooled down to below the temperature of yad soledet bo (40C to 70C). This solution may be practical in a one-family home but not in an apartment house.

One may use the mikveh on Shabbat. It is a generally accepted custom to abstain from swimming on Shabbat.

It should be noted that the Mishnah Berurah quotes halachic sources that permit washing one’s entire body in water heated before Shabbat if not doing so would cause one to suffer on Shabbat.

About the Author: Raphael Grunfeld’s book, “Ner Eyal on Seder Moed” (distributed by Mesorah) is available at OU.org and your local Jewish bookstore. His new book, “Ner Eyal on Seder Nashim & Nezikin,” will be available shortly.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

One Response to “Bathing, Washing And Swimming On Shabbat”

  1. There are those that permit water heated by the sun on Shabbat. Ask you own Rabbi for clarification.

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Prime Minister Netanyahu speaks to reporters with his wife at his side at Ben Gurion Airport Sunday morning.
Israeli PM Netanyahu Arrives in US to Speak at AIPAC, Congress on Iran
Latest Judaism Stories
Esther Denouncing Haman

Purim is the battleground of extremes, Amalek and Yisrael, with Zoroastrian Persia in between.

Niehaus-022715

One should not give the money before Purim morning or after sunset.

Mendlowitz-022715-Basket

The mishloach manos of times gone by were sometimes simple and sometimes elaborate, but the main focus was on the preparation of the delicious food they contained.

Winiarz-022715-Kids

Does Hashem ever go away and not pay attention to us?

In other words, the Torah is an expression of the Way that we must follow in order to live a divine-like life and to bond in the highest way possible with God or Being Itself.

The Chasam Sofer answers that one of only prohibited from wearing a garment that contains shatnez if he does so while wearing the garment for pleasure purposes.

The avodah (service) of the kohen gadol is vital and highly sensitive; the world’s very existence depends on it.

Moreover, even if the perpetrator of the capital offense is never actually executed, such as when the fatal act was unintentional, Kam Lei applies and the judge cannot award damages.

Forever After?
‘Obligated for Challahh and Not Terumah’
(Kesubos 25a)

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

“We really appreciate your efforts in straightening the shul,” said Mr. Reiss. “How is it going?”

This was a spontaneous act of rest after the miracle of vanquishing their respective foes. The following year they celebrated on the same days as a minhag.

The way we must to relate to our young adult children is to communicate with genuine loving-kindness

Jewish prayer is a convergence of 2 modes of biblical spirituality, exemplified by Moses and Aaron

In holy places it’s important to maintain a level of silence permitting people to dialogue with God

More Articles from Raphael Grunfeld
Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

Moreover, even if the perpetrator of the capital offense is never actually executed, such as when the fatal act was unintentional, Kam Lei applies and the judge cannot award damages.

Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

One of the purposes of the ketubah money is to make it difficult for a husband to capriciously divorce his wife.

A more difficult situation arises when there is no evidence placing the missing husband at the site of the death.

The court cannot solely rely on death certificates issued by non-Jewish institutions without conducting its own investigation into the facts of the case.

When the inability cannot be clearly attributed to either spouse, the halacha is the subject of debate among the Rishonim.

The child of a Jewish mother from a union with a non-Jewish father is not a mamzer.

Although the conversion ceremony involves more than circumcision and immersion, these are the two essential requirements, without which the conversion is ineffective.

If a man dies childless, the Torah commands the deceased’s brother to marry his brother’s widow in a ceremony known as yibum, or to perform a special form of divorce ceremony with her known as chalitzah.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/bathing-washing-and-swimming-on-shabbat/2013/01/10/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: