web analytics
August 4, 2015 / 19 Av, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Of Kings And Scholars
‘He Forgave The Honor Due Him’
(Yoma 22b)

The Gemara (22b) states that King Saul was punished and dethroned (with none of his descendants succeeding him) because he was too humble and did not react to those who humiliated him. The Maharsha cites a Gemara (Kiddushin 32b) which states that a king has no right to forgo his honor because the dishonor of a Jewish king is akin to the dishonor of Hashem. Therefore, Saul’s crown was taken from him.

The Torah’s Representative

The Gemara (23a) notes that a talmid chacham must also protect his honor because an insult directed at a Torah scholar is akin to an insult of the Torah that he represents. The Gemara explains that even though it is praiseworthy for a Torah scholar to forgo his honor, that is only the case if the person who wronged him seeks forgiveness and attempts to appease him. (The Gemara says that a Torah scholar should not actively pursue and exact revenge, but neither should he entirely forget and forgive [unless forgiveness is sought] because he must uphold the Torah’s honor.)

Hillel’s Humility

The Sefas Emes (Yoma ad loc.) wonders how to reconcile this Gemara with the famous story of Hillel’s humility and patience. The Gemara (Shabbos 31a) relates that a man tried to anger Hillel but failed. It is apparent from that incident that it is praiseworthy for a Torah scholar to ignore insults directed at him and to forgive (even before being appeased).

Two Gemaras, Two Views

The Sefas Emes answers that the Gemara (in Kiddushin 32a) cites a dispute as to whether or not a Torah scholar may forgo his honor. He suggests that our Gemara follows the opinion that a Torah scholar, like a king, may not, whereas the Gemara in Shabbos follows the opinion that he may. Therefore, the Gemara in Shabbos assumes that it is praiseworthy to forgive and forget, even without being asked for forgiveness.

In Conflict With The Rambam

The Sefas Emes does not seem to be in accord with the Rambam, who rules (Hilchos Talmud Torah 7:13) that a Torah scholar is duty-bound to protect his own honor.

Three Resolutions

However, the Rambam (7:13) distinguishes between an indignity that occurred in public and one that was committed in private. If a Torah scholar was insulted in private, he should forgive and forget. Our Gemara which states that a Torah scholar should protect his honor refers to a situation in which he was insulted publicly. In such a case, he is obligated to uphold the honor of the Torah which he embodies.

On the other hand, the Rivash (cited by the Kesef Mishneh, 7:13) draws a distinction between a lack of proper honor and outright indignity. He asserts that the Gemara in Kiddushin permits a Torah scholar to, for example, excuse people from their obligation to rise in his presence. He may not, however, allow people to humiliate him.

The Ritva (on the Gemara in Yoma) differentiates between ordinary matters and spiritual matters. If the insults are related to personal matters, a talmid chacham is urged to forgive and forget. However, if the insults are related to spiritual matters, then outright forgiveness is deemed misplaced humility.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
David Menachem Gordon
On the first Yahrzeit of My Heroic Nephew: David Menachem Gordon (Zt”l)
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

By internalizing the Exodus, it is as if we ourselves were redeemed from Egypt.

Neihaus-073115

Each Shabbos we add the tefilla of “Ritzei” to Birchas HaMazon. In it we ask Hashem that on this day of Shabbos He should be pleased with us and save us. What exactly do we want to be saved from? Before we answer this question, let’s talk about this Friday, the 15th of Av. Many […]

Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks

Amongst the greatest disagreements in Judaism is the understanding of the 1st of the 10 Commandments

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

The director picked up the phone to Rabbi Dayan. “One of our counselors lost his check,” he said. “Do we have to issue a new one or is it his loss?”

Six events occurred on Tu B’Av, the 15th of Av, making it a festive day in the Jewish calendar.

Why would Moshe Rabbeinu have thought that the vow that disallowed him to enter Eretz Yisrael was annulled simply because he was allowed to conquer and enter the land of Sichon and Og?

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Snow in Jerusalem! For many New Englanders like me, snow pulls at our nostalgic heartstrings like nothing else can.

Man has conflicting wishes and desires. Man has forces pulling him in competing directions.

Perhaps the admonition here is that we should not trivialize the events of the past by saying that they are irrelevant to the modern Jew.

One must view the settlement of Israel in a positive light. Thinking otherwise is a grievous sin.

Reaching a stronger understanding of what Moses actually did to prevent him from entering the land

Anti-Zionism, today’s anti-Semitism, has gone viral, tragically supported globally & by many Jews

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

‘Older’ By A Month
‘…Until The Beginning Of Adar’
(Nedarim 63a)

The Plucked Apple
‘…Which Cannot Become Permitted’
(Nedarim 58a)

Going Public
‘From A Wealthy Roman Lady’
(Nedarim 50a)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Not As An Asmachta?
“An Asmachta [In Beis Din] Does Acquire”
(Nedarim 27b)

Ulla’s Murderous Companion
‘Yes! Cut Him Even Deeper’
(Nedarim 22a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-105/2013/11/27/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: