web analytics
April 2, 2015 / 13 Nisan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Worming Out Of This One!
‘Twisted Scarlet Wool’
(Yoma 71b)

The garments of the kohen gadol contained a mixture of beautiful colors, including sheish, techeles, argaman, and tolaas shani. Sheish is flax, as stated in our sugya. What are techeles, argaman, and tolaas shani? Maseches Yevamos 4b states that techeles refers to wool dyed with techeles, which comes from secretions of a certain shellfish. Rashi and Tosefos add that argaman (usually translated as purple) and tolaas shani (usually translated as scarlet) are also shades of dyed wool.

The Color of Techeles

In discussing the color of techeles, the Rishonim offer several opinions. The Rambam (Hilchos Klei Mikdash 8:13) holds that techeles is “wool dyed the color of the clear sky,” namely light blue. Rashi (Shemos 25:4), on the other hand, holds that techeles is green. Some commentaries suggest that it resembles the color black (Ibn Ezra, parshas Terumah; see also Rambam, Hilchos Tzitzis 2:5). Others suggest that it is dark blue (see the introduction of the Tiferes Yisroel to Seder Moed).

Argaman and Tolaas Shani

The Rambam (Hilchos Klei Mikdash, ibid.) writes that argaman and tolaas shani are both shades of red (see also Hilchos Para 3:2; Rashi on Yeshaya 1:18). What is tolaas shani, and how was it used to produce red dye? Although the word tolaas in Hebrew means worm, the Rambam explains that the tolaas shani dye used in the kohen gadol’s garments was not produced from worms. Rather, it was produced from small red seeds, similar in size and shape to those of a carob tree. Inside each seed was a tiny worm; hence the name of the dye. However, the seed itself, not the worm, was used in producing the dye.

Forbidden Ingestion

It would seem that the Rambam’s insistence that the dye derived from the seed (and not the worm) is due to the rule that only kosher substances can be used in the construction of the Mishkan (see Shabbos 28a). Rabbeinu Bachaye (Shemos, ibid.) writes that the same is true regarding the kohanim’s garments (which is why silk was not used in their clothes).

Medicinal Ingestion

Many, however, maintain that tolaas shani was indeed made from worms. This opinion seems to be supported by the Yerushalmi (Kilayim 9:1), which clearly states that tolaas shani was made from a living creature. What about the principle that the Mishkan can only be made from kosher materials? Perhaps, this opinion would state that one may in fact eat these worms. R’ Chaim Palagi in fact encouraged eating powdered tolaas shani worm as a treatment for stomach disorders.

Reduced To Dust

During R’ Chaim Palagi’s time, this worm was known as “karmaz” (Refua V’Chaim 12:232, cited in M’Zahav U’Paz p. 130). How was eating this worm permitted? The Maharam Chaviv (cited in Me’am Loez, parshas Terumah p. 938) writes that tolaas shani worms were left to dry in the hot summer sun until they were reduced to dust. They were then used as dyes for coloring clothes and food products. Since they had already turned into dust, eating them was permissible.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Soldier tackles terrorist who stabbed him bear the security fence in Samaria, east of Tel Aviv.
Breaking News: Arab Terrorist Stabs Soldier at Security Fence
Latest Judaism Stories
Jewish Holidays' Guide for the Perplexed by Yoram Ettinger

German poet Heinrich Heine: “Since the Exodus, freedom has always been spoken with a Hebrew accent.”

Bodenheim-032715

Our ability to teach is only successful if done by example.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Outside of the High Holidays, Pesach is probably the most celebrated biblical holiday for the majority of Jews.

“If I notify people, nobody will buy the matzos!” exclaimed Mr. Mandel. “Once the halachic advisory panel ruled leniently, why can’t I sell the matzos regularly?”

So what type of praise is it that Aaron followed orders?

Her Children, Her Whim
‘Kesubas Bnin Dichrin’
(Kesubos 52b)

Question: Must one spend great sums of money and invest much effort in making one’s home kosher for Passover? Not all of us have such unlimited funds.

Name Withheld
(Via E-Mail)

Yachatz is not mentioned in the Gemara. What is the foundation for yachatz?

First, the punishment for eating chametz on Pesach is karet, premature death at the Hand of God.

Why is it necessary to invite people to eat from the korban Pesach?

How was I going to get to Manhattan? No cabs were going, we didn’t have a car, and many people who did have cars had no gas.

Did you ever notice that immediately upon being granted our freedom from Egypt, the Jewish people accepted upon themselves the yoke of a new master – Hashem?

Why does Torah make the priests go through a long and seemingly bizarre induction ceremony?

Often people in important positions separate from everyday people & tasks-NOT the Kohen Gadol

You smuggled tefillin into the camp? How can they help? Every day men risked their lives to use them

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Her Children, Her Whim
‘Kesubas Bnin Dichrin’
(Kesubos 52b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Wedding Day Fast
‘He Accepts A Ring On Her Behalf’
(Kesubos 47a)

A Confession
‘Payment For Humiliation And Depreciation’
(Ketubbot 41a)

An Auto Accident
‘All Agree That They Are Exempt’
(Kesubbos 35a)

The Threat Of Death
‘Sign or Else…’
(Kesubos 19a)

Tethered To The Mother
‘If She Is Fit, Her Daughter Is Also Fit’
(Kesubbos 13b)

A Joy And A Blessing
‘Rejoicing All Seven Days’
(Kesubbos 4b)

An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
(Yevamos 120b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-112/2014/01/16/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: