web analytics
November 26, 2014 / 4 Kislev, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
IDC Herzliya Campus A Day on Campus

To mark IDC Herzliya’s 20th anniversary, we spent a day following Prof. Uriel Reichman, IDC’s founder and president, and Jonathan Davis, VP for External Relations, around its delightful campus.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Worming Out Of This One!
‘Twisted Scarlet Wool’
(Yoma 71b)

The garments of the kohen gadol contained a mixture of beautiful colors, including sheish, techeles, argaman, and tolaas shani. Sheish is flax, as stated in our sugya. What are techeles, argaman, and tolaas shani? Maseches Yevamos 4b states that techeles refers to wool dyed with techeles, which comes from secretions of a certain shellfish. Rashi and Tosefos add that argaman (usually translated as purple) and tolaas shani (usually translated as scarlet) are also shades of dyed wool.

The Color of Techeles

In discussing the color of techeles, the Rishonim offer several opinions. The Rambam (Hilchos Klei Mikdash 8:13) holds that techeles is “wool dyed the color of the clear sky,” namely light blue. Rashi (Shemos 25:4), on the other hand, holds that techeles is green. Some commentaries suggest that it resembles the color black (Ibn Ezra, parshas Terumah; see also Rambam, Hilchos Tzitzis 2:5). Others suggest that it is dark blue (see the introduction of the Tiferes Yisroel to Seder Moed).

Argaman and Tolaas Shani

The Rambam (Hilchos Klei Mikdash, ibid.) writes that argaman and tolaas shani are both shades of red (see also Hilchos Para 3:2; Rashi on Yeshaya 1:18). What is tolaas shani, and how was it used to produce red dye? Although the word tolaas in Hebrew means worm, the Rambam explains that the tolaas shani dye used in the kohen gadol’s garments was not produced from worms. Rather, it was produced from small red seeds, similar in size and shape to those of a carob tree. Inside each seed was a tiny worm; hence the name of the dye. However, the seed itself, not the worm, was used in producing the dye.

Forbidden Ingestion

It would seem that the Rambam’s insistence that the dye derived from the seed (and not the worm) is due to the rule that only kosher substances can be used in the construction of the Mishkan (see Shabbos 28a). Rabbeinu Bachaye (Shemos, ibid.) writes that the same is true regarding the kohanim’s garments (which is why silk was not used in their clothes).

Medicinal Ingestion

Many, however, maintain that tolaas shani was indeed made from worms. This opinion seems to be supported by the Yerushalmi (Kilayim 9:1), which clearly states that tolaas shani was made from a living creature. What about the principle that the Mishkan can only be made from kosher materials? Perhaps, this opinion would state that one may in fact eat these worms. R’ Chaim Palagi in fact encouraged eating powdered tolaas shani worm as a treatment for stomach disorders.

Reduced To Dust

During R’ Chaim Palagi’s time, this worm was known as “karmaz” (Refua V’Chaim 12:232, cited in M’Zahav U’Paz p. 130). How was eating this worm permitted? The Maharam Chaviv (cited in Me’am Loez, parshas Terumah p. 938) writes that tolaas shani worms were left to dry in the hot summer sun until they were reduced to dust. They were then used as dyes for coloring clothes and food products. Since they had already turned into dust, eating them was permissible.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
A look inside the IAF war room
IDF to Stop Persecution of Observant Soldiers With Beards
Latest Judaism Stories
Dante's Vision of Rachel and Leah

Yitzhak called you Esav and you answered him, then he called you Yaakov and you also answered him!”

Rabbi Avi Weiss

Yitzchak thought the Jewish people needed dual leadership: Eisav the physical; Yaakov the spiritual

Weiss-112114-Sufganiot

According to the Sefer Yetzirah, the nature of the month of Kislev is sleep.

Teller-Rabbi-Hanoch-NEW

Though braggarts come across as conceited, their boasting often reflects a low sense of self-regard

Not every child can live up to our hopes or expectations, but every child is loved by Hashem.

Leaders must always pay attention to the importance of timing.

While our leaders have been shepherds, the vast majority of the Children of Israel were farmers.

Maimonides himself walked and prayed in the permissible areas when he visited Eretz Yisrael in 1165

If a man dies childless, the Torah commands the deceased’s brother to marry his brother’s widow in a ceremony known as yibum, or to perform a special form of divorce ceremony with her known as chalitzah.

Dovid turned to the other people sitting at his table. “I’m revoking my hefker of the Chumash,” he announced. “I want to keep it.”

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Question: My young daughter was recently diagnosed with autism. She does not function well socially and is extremely introverted, but we have noticed that she reacts very well to small animals. We reported this to her therapist who suggested that we get a dog or cat as a pet. We know that most religious people frown upon having pets, but we hate to see our daughter suffer and want to do anything that would make her happy. Would it be okay to own a pet in the circumstances we described?

Her Loving Parents
(Via E-Mail)

Ramban interprets Korban as self-sacrifice, each Jew should attempt to recreate Akeidas Yitzchak.

Dr. Schwartz had no other alternatives up his sleeve. He suggested my mother go home and think about what she wanted to do.

Why does Lavan’s speaking before his father show that he was wicked? Disrespectful, yes. Rude, certainly. But a rasha?

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Where Frequency Matters
‘We Forbid Haircutting And Laundering’
(Yevamos 43b)

Informing The Decision
‘Found To Be With Child’
(Yevamos 35b)

The Ban Of The Communities
‘Impaired Chalitzah’
(Yevamos 26b)

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

For Appearance’s Sake
‘Shammai Did Not Follow Their Own Ruling’
(Yevamos 13b 14a)

Being Overly Burdensome
My Sabbaths Shall You Observe’
(Yevamos 6a)

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-112/2014/01/16/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: