web analytics
August 4, 2015 / 19 Av, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Flighty Customer
‘Scribes…Are Exempt’
(Sukkah 26a)

 

R. Chaninah b. Akavia states that a sofer stam, a scribe involved in writing a Sefer Torah, tefillin, or mezuzos, as well as merchants (wholesale and retail) involved in selling these items, are exempt from Shema, tefillah, teffilin, and all other mitzvos while working (based on the rule that one engaged in a mitzvah is exempt from fulfilling another mitzvah at the same time).

The Magen Avraham (Orach Chayim 38:8) infers from the words of Rashi (s.v. “Tagareihen”) that only a merchant who distributes tefillin and mezuzos (primarily) for the sake of heaven (with no regard for profit) – i.e., he wants to make them available to people who cannot otherwise obtain them – is considered to be “involved in a mitzvah.” Someone whose primary reason for selling these items is to earn a living is not considered “involved in a mitzvah” and is not exempt from other mitzvos while on the job.

 

The Scribe And The Merchant

Bi’ur Halacha (Mishnah Berurah, Orach Chayyim ad loc. s.v. “Hem vet’agareihem”) draws a distinction between those who write tefillin and mezuzos and those who sell them. Writing tefillin and mezuzos is an actual mitzvah, for the Torah explicitly states, “You shall write them…,” whereas selling them is not an explicit commandment; it is just something that is necessary to facilitate a mitzvah (a hechsher mitzva – a preparatory mitzvah act). Thus, Bi’ur Halacha suggests that although selling tefillin for monetary gain diminishes the mitzvah significance of the act, writing tefillin is always considered a mitzvah act, even if the sofer’s primary intent is to earn a living (see also Responsa Chasam Sofer, Sha’ar HaTosafos, siman 15).

 

I’ve Got A Plane To Catch

The Levush (cited by Mishnah Berurah, Orach Chayim ad loc., s.k. 26) maintains that a sofer or a tefillin merchant is exempt from Shema and tefillah only when there is a customer on hand who absolutely cannot wait for his tefillin (today, such a customer would say that his flight is about to leave…). Only in such a case, where the need is immediate, is the merchant or sofer permitted to attend to his customer and forgo Shema. However, under normal circumstances a sofer may not forgo Shema and tefillah merely because he is occupied with his customers.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Bibi conf call
Bibi: ‘Keep or Cheat,’ This Deal Will Give Iran the Bomb
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

By internalizing the Exodus, it is as if we ourselves were redeemed from Egypt.

Neihaus-073115

Each Shabbos we add the tefilla of “Ritzei” to Birchas HaMazon. In it we ask Hashem that on this day of Shabbos He should be pleased with us and save us. What exactly do we want to be saved from? Before we answer this question, let’s talk about this Friday, the 15th of Av. Many […]

Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks

Amongst the greatest disagreements in Judaism is the understanding of the 1st of the 10 Commandments

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

The director picked up the phone to Rabbi Dayan. “One of our counselors lost his check,” he said. “Do we have to issue a new one or is it his loss?”

Six events occurred on Tu B’Av, the 15th of Av, making it a festive day in the Jewish calendar.

Why would Moshe Rabbeinu have thought that the vow that disallowed him to enter Eretz Yisrael was annulled simply because he was allowed to conquer and enter the land of Sichon and Og?

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Snow in Jerusalem! For many New Englanders like me, snow pulls at our nostalgic heartstrings like nothing else can.

Man has conflicting wishes and desires. Man has forces pulling him in competing directions.

Perhaps the admonition here is that we should not trivialize the events of the past by saying that they are irrelevant to the modern Jew.

One must view the settlement of Israel in a positive light. Thinking otherwise is a grievous sin.

Reaching a stronger understanding of what Moses actually did to prevent him from entering the land

Anti-Zionism, today’s anti-Semitism, has gone viral, tragically supported globally & by many Jews

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

‘Older’ By A Month
‘…Until The Beginning Of Adar’
(Nedarim 63a)

The Plucked Apple
‘…Which Cannot Become Permitted’
(Nedarim 58a)

Going Public
‘From A Wealthy Roman Lady’
(Nedarim 50a)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Not As An Asmachta?
“An Asmachta [In Beis Din] Does Acquire”
(Nedarim 27b)

Ulla’s Murderous Companion
‘Yes! Cut Him Even Deeper’
(Nedarim 22a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-118/2014/02/27/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: