web analytics
October 1, 2016 / 28 Elul, 5776
Judaism
Sponsored Post
The Migdal Ohr Mishpachton MISHPACHTONIM – Israel’s Children are Your Children.

Support Migdal Ohr by purchasing letters in the Torah Scroll that will be written in honor of Rabbi Grossman’s 70th Birthday.



Daf Yomi


Printer-Ready Page Layout
Daf-Yomi-logo



The Flighty Customer
‘Scribes…Are Exempt’
(Sukkah 26a)

 

R. Chaninah b. Akavia states that a sofer stam, a scribe involved in writing a Sefer Torah, tefillin, or mezuzos, as well as merchants (wholesale and retail) involved in selling these items, are exempt from Shema, tefillah, teffilin, and all other mitzvos while working (based on the rule that one engaged in a mitzvah is exempt from fulfilling another mitzvah at the same time).

The Magen Avraham (Orach Chayim 38:8) infers from the words of Rashi (s.v. “Tagareihen”) that only a merchant who distributes tefillin and mezuzos (primarily) for the sake of heaven (with no regard for profit) – i.e., he wants to make them available to people who cannot otherwise obtain them – is considered to be “involved in a mitzvah.” Someone whose primary reason for selling these items is to earn a living is not considered “involved in a mitzvah” and is not exempt from other mitzvos while on the job.

 

The Scribe And The Merchant

Bi’ur Halacha (Mishnah Berurah, Orach Chayyim ad loc. s.v. “Hem vet’agareihem”) draws a distinction between those who write tefillin and mezuzos and those who sell them. Writing tefillin and mezuzos is an actual mitzvah, for the Torah explicitly states, “You shall write them…,” whereas selling them is not an explicit commandment; it is just something that is necessary to facilitate a mitzvah (a hechsher mitzva – a preparatory mitzvah act). Thus, Bi’ur Halacha suggests that although selling tefillin for monetary gain diminishes the mitzvah significance of the act, writing tefillin is always considered a mitzvah act, even if the sofer’s primary intent is to earn a living (see also Responsa Chasam Sofer, Sha’ar HaTosafos, siman 15).

 

I’ve Got A Plane To Catch

The Levush (cited by Mishnah Berurah, Orach Chayim ad loc., s.k. 26) maintains that a sofer or a tefillin merchant is exempt from Shema and tefillah only when there is a customer on hand who absolutely cannot wait for his tefillin (today, such a customer would say that his flight is about to leave…). Only in such a case, where the need is immediate, is the merchant or sofer permitted to attend to his customer and forgo Shema. However, under normal circumstances a sofer may not forgo Shema and tefillah merely because he is occupied with his customers.

Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.




Imported and Older Comments:

to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Sgt. Elor Azaria, Makor Rishon's pick for Man of the Year
Rightwing Paper Crowns Shooting Medic Azaria ‘Man of the Year’

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-118/2014/02/27/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: