web analytics
December 22, 2014 / 30 Kislev, 5775
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
8000 meals Celebrate Eight Days of Chanukah – With 8,000 Free Meals Daily to Israel’s Poor

Join Meir Panim’s campaign to “light up” Chanukah for families in need.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

What A Difference A Day Makes
Rav Rules: First Sukkah, Then Zeman’
(Sukkah 56a)

On the first night of Sukkos, one recites two berachos at the conclusion of Kiddush: Leishev baSukkah and Shehecheyanu. Since Shehecheyanu is recited throughout the year, it is considered frequent compared to Leishev baSukkah (which is only recited on Sukkos). Rabba bar bar Chana therefore maintains that Shehecheyanu goes before Leishev baSukkah because of the general rule that tadir kodem – the more frequent mitzvah takes precedence (Zevachim 89a). The Gemara nevertheless rules like Rav that Leishev baSukkah goes before Shehecheyanu.

Dual Joy

The Rosh (Sukkahperek Lulav VeArava, siman 4) explains that we say Shehecheyanu on the first night of Sukkos for two reasons: 1) we are joyous at the beginning of the new festival, and 2) we are fulfilling the mitzvah of the sukkah for the first time. And this explains why we say Shehecheyanu last in Kiddush. The first berachah in Kiddush (“Es Yom haSukkos hazeh … mekaddesh Yisrael ve’hazemanim”) concerns the festival while the second berachah (Leishev baSukkah) concerns the mitzvah of sukkah. Since Shehecheyanu concerns the topic of both berachos, it only makes sense – argues the Rosh – to say it last.

In chutz la’aretz, where two days of Yom Tov are observed, Shehecheyanu is repeated during Kiddush on the second day because the second day is treated as though it is a safek yom rishon, possibly the first day.

Joy At Building Or At Dwelling

The Gemara (46a) says that one need not wait until the first night of Sukkos to recite Shehecheyanu; rather, one may recite it when one builds the sukkah. (The Shulchan Aruch [Orach Chayim 641:1] states, however, that our custom is not to recite it until the first night of Sukkos.)

According to the Rambam (Hilchos Berachos 11:9; Hilchos Sukkah 6:12), even if one recited Shehecheyanu when building the sukkah, one must repeat it during Kiddush on the first night of Sukkos. Why? Because the Shehecheyanu recited upon building the sukkah only marks the joy of the mitzvah of sukkah (reason #2). It does not mark the joy of the new festival (reason #1). Another Shehecheyanu is therefore necessary.

Reversing The Order

The Rosh argues that on the second night of Yom Tov, Shehecheyanu serves only one function – namely, it marks the start of the new festival. (In chutz la’aretz the second night is treated as though it is the first night of the new festival.) The mitzvah of sukkah does not require a Shehecheyanu on the second night because a berachah was already recited on the previous night and, as explained above, the Shehecheyanu on the sukkah may be recited even prior to the festival when there is no requirement yet to dwell in the sukkah. 

Consequently, the Rosh rules that the order of the blessings should be reversed on the second night of Sukkos. Since Shehecheyanu on this night only concerns the festival, it should be recited immediately after the berachah for the festival, before Leishev baSukkah (see Shulchan Aruch and Rema, Orach Chayim 461).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Eleven people were injured by a motorist who plowed into a crowd in southern France. The driver yelled "Allahu Akbar" as he attacked. Dec. 21, 2014
French Driver Shouting “Allahu Akbar” Plows into Crowd
Latest Judaism Stories
Knesset and Menorah

Israel projects global material illumination not always the light of “morality” meant by the Navi

Parsha-Perspective-Logo-NEW

To many of our brethren Chanukah has lost its meaning.

Parsha-Perspective-Logo-NEW

This ability to remain calm under pressure and continue to see the situation clearly is a hallmark of Yehuda’s leadership.

Torah-Hakehillah-121914

It would have been understandable for these great warriors to become dispirited.

The travail of Yosef was undoubtedly the greatest trauma of Yaakov’s life, which certainly knew its share of hardships.

Yosef, in interpreting the first set of dreams, performed in a manner that was clearly miraculous to all.

Chazal teach us that we need to be “sur may’rah v’asei tov,”avoid bad and do good.

When we celebrate the completion of learning a section of Torah, we recite the Hadran.

Fetal Immersion?
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
(Yevamos 78a)

Yosef proves he is a true leader; He is continually and fully engaged in the task of running Egypt

When the inability cannot be clearly attributed to either spouse, the halacha is the subject of debate among the Rishonim.

Those who reject our beliefs know in their souls Jewish power stems from our faith and our prayers.

He stepped outside, and, to his dismay, the menorah was missing. It had been stolen.

Though we Jews have deep obligations to all people our obligation to our fellow Jew is unique.

In a way that decision was the first in a series of miracles with which Hashem blessed us.

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Fetal Immersion?
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
(Yevamos 78a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

No Fault Lines
‘…His Father And Mother Were In Prison…’
(Yevamos 71b)

The Daughters Are Mine, The Sons Are Mine
‘Grandchildren Are like Children’
(Yevamos 62b)

The Decree Of 1587
“Two Kabs Of Dinars Were Given…To King Yanai”
(Yevamos 61a)

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Where Frequency Matters
‘We Forbid Haircutting And Laundering’
(Yevamos 43b)

Informing The Decision
‘Found To Be With Child’
(Yevamos 35b)

The Ban Of The Communities
‘Impaired Chalitzah’
(Yevamos 26b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-122/2014/03/26/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: