web analytics
March 30, 2015 / 10 Nisan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Belaboring The Point
‘Since It Is Permitted When Necessary,
It Is Permitted Even When Not Necessary’
(Beitzah 12a)

The Torah states in regards to Yom Tov, “No work may be done on them except for what is necessary for a person to eat” (Shemos 12:16). This passuk implies that only melachos necessary for preparing food may be performed. Nonetheless, our Sages had a tradition that the melachos generally necessary for preparing food may be performed even for other purposes.

For example, it is often necessary to carry through a reshus harabim to bring food home. One may, therefore, also carry other items – such as a child, lulav or Sefer Torah – through a reshus harabbim, even though these items are not necessary for preparing food (Shulchan Aruch 518:1, Mishnah Berurah s.k. 1).

The Gemara explains this leniency with the enigmatic expression: “Since they were permitted for the sake of ochel nefesh, they were permitted even not for the sake of ochel nefesh.” What is the meaning of this explanation? What is the logic behind it?

Compared To Metzorah?

We find a similar leniency in Yevamos 7b: “Since it was permitted (overriding one prohibition), it was permitted (overriding other prohibitions as well).” The Gemara there explains that a person who is ritually impure may not enter the Beis HaMikdash. A person afflicted with tzaraas, however, must stretch his hands and feet into the Beis HaMikdash in order to receive the treatment necessary to purify him. The Torah, therefore, permits him to do so. The Gemara then adds that if a metzorah also had a different form of impurity – for example, he was also a zav – he may still reach his hands and feet into the Beis HaMikdash. Since his purification process overrides the prohibition against a metzorah entering the Beis HaMikdash, it also overrides the prohibition against a zav entering.

A Matter Of Compelling Need

On closer examination, the leniency discussed in our sugya is entirely unrelated to the Gemara regarding the metzorah (although the Imrei Moshe does compare them, see Maleches Yom Tov, ch. 5). There, the metzorah must extend his hands and feet into the Beis HaMikdash to receive his treatment. This obligation overrides any possible halachic objection. Although he is also a zav, he must still receive treatment, and therefore it is necessary to override the prohibition against letting a zav enter the Beis HaMikdash. That is to say, the reason we allowed an ordinary metzorah to enter applies equally to a metzorah who is also a zav.

Our case is very different. The reason the Torah allows carrying on Yom Tov is to enable us to prepare food. This reason does not apply to carrying a child, lulav, or Sefer Torah. Why, then, is it permitted to carry these things?

Laborious Work

The Ramban in his commentary on Vayikra 23:7 notes that the passuk forbidding work on Shabbos uses the expression, “On the seventh day… you may not do any work (melacha)” (Vayikra 23:3). However, the passuk forbidding work on Yom Tov uses a slightly different expression, “You may not do any laborious work (meleches avoda)” (ibid, 23:7).

He explains that the melachos necessary for ochel nefesh are not “laborious work.” Laborious work that is forbidden on Yom Tov includes planting, harvesting, digging, and the like.

According to the Ramban’s explanation, preparing food is not the reason why the Torah permitted cooking, carrying, etc. Rather, they are permitted because they aren’t laborious. That’s why they’re also permitted for other purposes (see Chasam Sofer on our sugya; Minchas Asher, Shemos 19).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
PLO / PA / Fatah leader Mahmoud Abbas.
PA Back Down on ICC in Exchange for Frozen Tax Revenue
Latest Judaism Stories
Bodenheim-032715

Our ability to teach is only successful if done by example.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Outside of the High Holidays, Pesach is probably the most celebrated biblical holiday for the majority of Jews.

Business-Halacha-logo

“If I notify people, nobody will buy the matzos!” exclaimed Mr. Mandel. “Once the halachic advisory panel ruled leniently, why can’t I sell the matzos regularly?”

The-Shmuz

So what type of praise is it that Aaron followed orders?

Her Children, Her Whim
‘Kesubas Bnin Dichrin’
(Kesubos 52b)

Question: Must one spend great sums of money and invest much effort in making one’s home kosher for Passover? Not all of us have such unlimited funds.

Name Withheld
(Via E-Mail)

Yachatz is not mentioned in the Gemara. What is the foundation for yachatz?

First, the punishment for eating chametz on Pesach is karet, premature death at the Hand of God.

Why is it necessary to invite people to eat from the korban Pesach?

How was I going to get to Manhattan? No cabs were going, we didn’t have a car, and many people who did have cars had no gas.

Did you ever notice that immediately upon being granted our freedom from Egypt, the Jewish people accepted upon themselves the yoke of a new master – Hashem?

Why does Torah make the priests go through a long and seemingly bizarre induction ceremony?

Often people in important positions separate from everyday people & tasks-NOT the Kohen Gadol

You smuggled tefillin into the camp? How can they help? Every day men risked their lives to use them

Rambam: Eating blood’s forbidden because connected to idolatry;Ramban: We’re affected by what we eat

Rambam warns that a festival meal without taking care of the needy isn’t fulfilling simchat yom tov

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Her Children, Her Whim
‘Kesubas Bnin Dichrin’
(Kesubos 52b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Wedding Day Fast
‘He Accepts A Ring On Her Behalf’
(Kesubos 47a)

A Confession
‘Payment For Humiliation And Depreciation’
(Ketubbot 41a)

An Auto Accident
‘All Agree That They Are Exempt’
(Kesubbos 35a)

The Threat Of Death
‘Sign or Else…’
(Kesubos 19a)

Tethered To The Mother
‘If She Is Fit, Her Daughter Is Also Fit’
(Kesubbos 13b)

A Joy And A Blessing
‘Rejoicing All Seven Days’
(Kesubbos 4b)

An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
(Yevamos 120b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-124/2014/04/10/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: