web analytics
January 30, 2015 / 10 Shevat, 5775
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Reckoning Time
‘Three Festivals, Even Out Of Order’
(Beizah 19b)

Abaye on our daf discusses whether nedarim and nedavos may be offered on the festival and explains that all agree that they may be brought on Chol HaMoed. The question is whether someone who had to wait for Chol HaMoed violated bal te’acher.

The question relates to the dispute in our Gemara whether bal te’acher – the prohibition against not fulfilling one’s vow before three festivals have passed – applies to vows made only before Pesach. R. Shimon maintains that one only violates bal te’acher if three festivals followed in the order that they are listed in the Torah. The Tanna Kamma disagrees. A practical difference is that according to R. Shimon, sometimes four or five festivals will have to pass before bal te’acher is transgressed.

To The Day, To The Hour

This triggering of a time period is different for different situations. When a person says, “My erech shall be my obligation,” he must donate a specific sum to the treasurer of hekdesh depending on his age (see Vayikra 27:1-7). For example, if he is 20 years old, he must pay 50 shekel, if he is 60 years old, he must pay 15 shekel. The Gemara (Arachin 18b) explains that a person’s age for valuations (arachin) is determined according to his birthday – to the hour.

 

No Change From One Census To Another

When the Children of Israel were in the desert, they were counted several times at Hashem’s command. The Rishonim note, perplexingly, that the Children of Israel totaled 603,550 in Tishrei after they were forgiven for the sin of the Golden Calf, and, wonder of wonders, in Iyar they still numbered 603,550! Could a half year have passed with no change?

 

Everyone’s Birthday

Rashi explains that the census only included people who had turned 20 by Rosh Hashanah. All those who turned 20 from Tishrei to Iyar were not counted. But the Ramban asks: How about all those who passed away from Tishrei to Iyar? How come the number didn’t decrease?

Furthermore, the Ramban argues that Rashi’s explanation about Rosh Hashanah doesn’t make sense because a baraisa in Arachin (18b) indicates that the ages for the census were determined based on actual birthdays. According to the baraisa, the reason we know that a 60-year-old must be 60 years old and one day is because the Torah uses the expression “from 60 years upwards” in regards to the census. If we are talking about someone being 60 and one day, clearly the age is being determined based on his birthday, not on the calendar year.

The Malbim (Bemidbar 1:1) solves the Ramban’s question by stating that the Torah can mean 60 years and one day as of Rosh Hashanah. Thus, there is no proof that the census was based on people’s actual birthdays.

The Malbim adds that Rashi’s explanation about Rosh Hashanah makes sense. Otherwise, how did the census work? It took several days to conduct – how, then, did they count people who turned 20 on the second day of the census? If Rosh Hashanah was a cut-off date, though, this problem didn’t exist.

What about the deceased? After all, it stands to reason that people died from Tishrei to Iyar. The Malbim, however, posits that no one passed away during this period.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
You are looking at an "armed insurgent" and not a terrorist, according to the White House.
Obama Wins War on Terror By Saying It Doesn’t Exist [video]
Latest Judaism Stories
Rabbi Sacks

Torah opposes slavery; G-d desires the free worship of free human beings, yet slavery’s permitted-?!

Rebbetzin Esther Jungreis

France allowed Islamists to flourish despite their loyalty to Islamic sharia law not French values

QuestionsandAnswers-logo

Approximately 18 years ago, my uncle called me into his office saying he had an urgent matter to discuss. I didn’t know what he had in mind.

Rabbi Avi Weiss

“Where is God?” asked the Kotzker Rebbe “God is not everywhere but only where you let Him enter”

An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
(Yevamos 120b)

Her first tactic was tefillah; she immediately began to recite one perek after another of Tehillim.

When a miracle occurs that transcends nature, Hashem has broken the laws of nature to create the miracle.

“How could you have expected my glasses to be there?” argued Mr. Weiss. “You shouldn’t have to pay.”

Rather than submit to this fate and suffer torture and humiliation, Shaul decided to fall on his sword.

How can the Da’as Zekeinim say this was Hashem’s plan to allow them to become the Torah Nation? We know it was actually a punishment.

A strange midrash of fruit trees surrounding the Nation of Israel as they walked to freedom

Leading by example must be visible, regarding where, when and how-like Nachshon entering the Red Sea

Rabbi Yaakov Nagen, a Ram at Yeshivat Otniel, notes that the verse is suggesting that retelling the story of the Exodus is so important that Hashem is performing ever-greater miracles specifically so that parents can tell their stories to future generations.

Before performing the 10th plague God makes a fundamental argument about the ultimate nature of justice.

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
(Yevamos 120b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

Mitzvah Or Kinyan?
‘Both Shall Have Intention At The Same Time’
(Yevamos 102b)

A Kohen Of Choice
‘A Deaf-Mute, A Mentally Challenged Person, A Minor…’
(Yevamos 99b)

A Posted Picture Saves The Day
‘In Order To Avoid Igun…’
(Yevamos 88a)

Reward And Punishment
‘Masser Rishon For The levi’im’
(Yevamos 86a)

Fetal Immersion?
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
(Yevamos 78a)

No Fault Lines
‘…His Father And Mother Were In Prison…’
(Yevamos 71b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-125/2014/04/14/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: