web analytics
August 29, 2015 / 14 Elul, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

A Woman’s Oneg Yom Tov
‘You Shall Call The Shabbos A Delight’
(Beitzah 34b)

The Avudraham, one of the classic Poskei Rishonim, cites in the name of R’ Gershon ben R’ Shlomo that the obligation to light candles for Shabbos is based on the mitzvah of oneg Shabbos. In order to enjoy the food that one eats, one must be able to see it. Therefore, Shabbos candles are lit where the Shabbos meal is consumed. However, there is no obligation to light candles on Yom Tov since there is no mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov. Therefore, R’ Gershon concludes that no berachah should be recited over lighting candles on Yom Tov (Avudraham, Maariv shel Shabbos).

Our sugya discusses the mitzvah of oneg Shabbos, which is based on Yeshaya 58:14: “Call the Shabbos a delight (oneg).” Although this passuk is found in Navi, many Rishonim maintain that oneg Shabbos is a Torah obligation (see Mishnah Berurah 242:1; Shaar HaTzion ibid.; see at length the Meoros HaDaf HaYomi journal on Nedarim 66a and Pesachim 68b).

The mitzvah of oneg Shabbos lends great significance to all food eaten over the course of Shabbos. Although it is generally permitted to eat untithed food in an informal setting, it is forbidden on Shabbos. Shabbos makes even a small amount of untithed food significant and, therefore, the food may not be eaten until tithes are taken.

The Gemara, however, does not clearly state whether there is a similar mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov. The Rishonim, therefore, debate the issue.

 

Learning from Haman

The Rambam writes explicitly that there is a mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov: “Just as there is a mitzvah to honor the Shabbos and to delight with it (oneg), so too there is a mitzvah with Yom Tov” (Hilchos Yom Tov 6:16). The Meiri (Beitzah 3a, 35a; Shabbos 119a) writes similarly, as do other Rishonim (see Ritva, Moed Koton 13a; Teshuvos HaRashba 4:317, et. al.).

A source for this position can be found in a Midrash which describes Haman’s conversation with Achashveirosh and his slanderous description of the Jewish people. Haman complained that the Jewish people constantly indulge themselves with food and drink, with excuses of “oneg Shabbos and oneg Yom Tov.” (It is interesting to note that poskim consider the wicked Haman to be a source from which one can draw halachic conclusions; see Noda B’Yehuda 2: Y.D. 161).

Other Rishonim, including the Avudraham, cited above, and the Shaar HaMelech, citing one opinion in the Meiri, maintain that there is no mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov. Tosafos asserts the same, and therefore rules that there is no obligation to eat bread on Yom Tov (Tosafos, Sukkah 27a; see also Tzlach on our sugya in regard to the effect of oneg Yom Tov on the laws of tithing).

The Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 529, rules that there is an obligation of oneg on Yom Tov, in accordance with the Rambam’s opinion. This obligation is derived from the continuation of the passuk cited above, “Call the Shabbos a delight… to sanctify Hashem in His honor.” Since the Yomim Tovim are sanctified to Hashem – the Torah calls them “mikraei kodesh” – one must eat a meal with bread to honor them.

For the same reason, if a person forgot to say Ya’aleh V’Yavoh during Birchas HaMazon, he must repeat Birchas HaMazon, as is the halacha with all obligatory bread meals (Shulchan Aruch O.C. 188:6). Likewise, since the accepted halacha is that there is a mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov, a berachah must be recited over Yom Tov candles.

 

A Woman’s Obligation

It is customary that women be the ones who light Shabbos and Yom Tov candles. Should they therefore say a berachah when lighting? Perhaps we can argue that the obligation of oneg Yom Tov only applies to men since normally women are exempt from positive, time-bound commandments.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Swiss Amb. to Iran Giulo Haas presents his credentials to Iranian Pres. Rouhani
‘US and Iranian Cartoon Doves’ Shown Defecating on Bibi by Swiss Amb to Iran
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

The common translation of the opening words of this week’s parsha, Ki Seitzei, is: “When you go out to war against your enemy.” Actually the text reads “al oyvecha” upon your enemy. The Torah is saying that when Israel goes out to war, they will be over and above their enemy. The reason why Bnei […]

Rabbi Avi Weiss

The love between Gd & Israel is deeper than marriage; beyond the infinite love of parent for child

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Since giving the machatzis hashekel will not change his financial situation, he is obligated to do so even though it is more than a fifth of his income.

Today, few people fast during the Days of Selichot, but the custom is to rise early to recite Selichot.

Each month is associated with a particular tribe. The month of Elul is matched up with Gad. What makes Gad unique?

Sanctions and indictment of the Jew, holding him to a higher standard, is as common and misplaced as ever.

To allow for free will, there are times when Hashem will allow a person the “opportunity to be the messenger.”

“There is a mitzvah to pay the worker on that day,” answered Mr. Lerner.

Be happy. Be grateful. God knows what he is doing. It is all happening for a reason.

We get so busy living our lives, handling our day-to-day little crises that we forget to go that one step deeper and appreciate our lives.

The promise for long life only comes from 2 commandments; What’s the connection between them?

Mighty Amalek deliberately attacked enemy’s weakest members, despicable even by ancient standards

If we parents fail to honor responsibilities then society’s children will pay the price for our sins

Consider how our Heavenly Father feels when He sees His children adopting all other parents but Him

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Que Sera, Sera?
‘He Daubed Him With Mud’
(Nedarim 89b-90a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Truth Or Consequences
‘Consecrating The Non-Existent’
(Nedarim 85b)

The Most Favorable Of …Times
‘Annulling Vows For The Sake Of Shabbos’
(Nedarim 77a)

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

‘Older’ By A Month
‘…Until The Beginning Of Adar’
(Nedarim 63a)

The Plucked Apple
‘…Which Cannot Become Permitted’
(Nedarim 58a)

Going Public
‘From A Wealthy Roman Lady’
(Nedarim 50a)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-127/2014/05/01/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: