web analytics
January 28, 2015 / 8 Shevat, 5775
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

A Woman’s Oneg Yom Tov
‘You Shall Call The Shabbos A Delight’
(Beitzah 34b)

The Avudraham, one of the classic Poskei Rishonim, cites in the name of R’ Gershon ben R’ Shlomo that the obligation to light candles for Shabbos is based on the mitzvah of oneg Shabbos. In order to enjoy the food that one eats, one must be able to see it. Therefore, Shabbos candles are lit where the Shabbos meal is consumed. However, there is no obligation to light candles on Yom Tov since there is no mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov. Therefore, R’ Gershon concludes that no berachah should be recited over lighting candles on Yom Tov (Avudraham, Maariv shel Shabbos).

Our sugya discusses the mitzvah of oneg Shabbos, which is based on Yeshaya 58:14: “Call the Shabbos a delight (oneg).” Although this passuk is found in Navi, many Rishonim maintain that oneg Shabbos is a Torah obligation (see Mishnah Berurah 242:1; Shaar HaTzion ibid.; see at length the Meoros HaDaf HaYomi journal on Nedarim 66a and Pesachim 68b).

The mitzvah of oneg Shabbos lends great significance to all food eaten over the course of Shabbos. Although it is generally permitted to eat untithed food in an informal setting, it is forbidden on Shabbos. Shabbos makes even a small amount of untithed food significant and, therefore, the food may not be eaten until tithes are taken.

The Gemara, however, does not clearly state whether there is a similar mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov. The Rishonim, therefore, debate the issue.

 

Learning from Haman

The Rambam writes explicitly that there is a mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov: “Just as there is a mitzvah to honor the Shabbos and to delight with it (oneg), so too there is a mitzvah with Yom Tov” (Hilchos Yom Tov 6:16). The Meiri (Beitzah 3a, 35a; Shabbos 119a) writes similarly, as do other Rishonim (see Ritva, Moed Koton 13a; Teshuvos HaRashba 4:317, et. al.).

A source for this position can be found in a Midrash which describes Haman’s conversation with Achashveirosh and his slanderous description of the Jewish people. Haman complained that the Jewish people constantly indulge themselves with food and drink, with excuses of “oneg Shabbos and oneg Yom Tov.” (It is interesting to note that poskim consider the wicked Haman to be a source from which one can draw halachic conclusions; see Noda B’Yehuda 2: Y.D. 161).

Other Rishonim, including the Avudraham, cited above, and the Shaar HaMelech, citing one opinion in the Meiri, maintain that there is no mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov. Tosafos asserts the same, and therefore rules that there is no obligation to eat bread on Yom Tov (Tosafos, Sukkah 27a; see also Tzlach on our sugya in regard to the effect of oneg Yom Tov on the laws of tithing).

The Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 529, rules that there is an obligation of oneg on Yom Tov, in accordance with the Rambam’s opinion. This obligation is derived from the continuation of the passuk cited above, “Call the Shabbos a delight… to sanctify Hashem in His honor.” Since the Yomim Tovim are sanctified to Hashem – the Torah calls them “mikraei kodesh” – one must eat a meal with bread to honor them.

For the same reason, if a person forgot to say Ya’aleh V’Yavoh during Birchas HaMazon, he must repeat Birchas HaMazon, as is the halacha with all obligatory bread meals (Shulchan Aruch O.C. 188:6). Likewise, since the accepted halacha is that there is a mitzvah of oneg Yom Tov, a berachah must be recited over Yom Tov candles.

 

A Woman’s Obligation

It is customary that women be the ones who light Shabbos and Yom Tov candles. Should they therefore say a berachah when lighting? Perhaps we can argue that the obligation of oneg Yom Tov only applies to men since normally women are exempt from positive, time-bound commandments.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Prime Minister Netanyahu has been to Sderot numerous times. Here he surveys Gaza from the city, 2010.
Netanyahu Warns Northern Attackers, ‘Take a Look at Hamas in Gaza’
Latest Judaism Stories
Tissot_The_Waters_Are_Divided

Leading by example must be visible, regarding where, when and how-like Nachshon entering the Red Sea

Torah-Hakehillah-121914

Rabbi Yaakov Nagen, a Ram at Yeshivat Otniel, notes that the verse is suggesting that retelling the story of the Exodus is so important that Hashem is performing ever-greater miracles specifically so that parents can tell their stories to future generations.

Parshat Bo

Before performing the 10th plague God makes a fundamental argument about the ultimate nature of justice.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

How is it possible that the clothing was more valuable to them than gold or silver?

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

“It means that the disqualification of relatives as witnesses is a procedural issue, not a question of honesty,” explained Rabbi Dayan.

Property ownership is an extremely important and fundamental right and principle according to the Torah.

The tenderest description of the husband/wife relationship is “re’im v’ahuvim/loving, kind friends”

And if a person can take steps to perform the mitzvah, he should do so (even if he won’t be held accountable for not performing it due to circumstances beyond his control).

Suddenly, she turns to me and says, “B’emet, I need to thank you, you made me excited to come back to Israel.”

Pesach is called “zikaron,” a Biblical term used describing an object eliciting a certain memory

Recouping $ and assets from Germans and Swiss for their Holocaust actions is rooted in the Exodus

Pharaoh perverted symbols of life (the Nile and midwives) into agents of death.

I think that we have to follow the approach of the Tannaim and Amoraim. They followed the latest scientific developments of their time.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Mitzvah Or Kinyan?
‘Both Shall Have Intention At The Same Time’
(Yevamos 102b)

A Kohen Of Choice
‘A Deaf-Mute, A Mentally Challenged Person, A Minor…’
(Yevamos 99b)

A Posted Picture Saves The Day
‘In Order To Avoid Igun…’
(Yevamos 88a)

Reward And Punishment
‘Masser Rishon For The levi’im’
(Yevamos 86a)

Fetal Immersion?
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
(Yevamos 78a)

No Fault Lines
‘…His Father And Mother Were In Prison…’
(Yevamos 71b)

The Daughters Are Mine, The Sons Are Mine
‘Grandchildren Are like Children’
(Yevamos 62b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-127/2014/05/01/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: