Join Meir Panim’s campaign to “light up” Chanukah for families in need.
Birchas Kohanim On A Fast Day
‘Because of Intoxication…’
We learn in our sugya that a kohen who drank wine may not say Birchas Kohanim. For this reason, our Sages decreed that Birchas Kohanim should not be said during Mincha since a kohen may have drunk wine beforehand. This is the accepted halacha (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 129:1).
According to this reasoning, Birchas Kohanim should still be said during Mincha on fast days since kohanim will obviously not have drunk wine on those days. However, R’ Yossi (whose opinion is accepted) rules that if we were to allow Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day, it would be said during Mincha on regular days as well. To prevent this from happening, our Sages forbade saying Birchas Kohanim during every Mincha of the year – fast days included.
The Gemara, however, explains that during the era of the Talmud it was customary to daven Mincha in the early afternoon on a regular day, but right before nightfall on a fast day. Sincethe two times for davening Mincha differed, there was no longer a concern that kohanim would say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a regular day if allowed to say it on a fast day. Therefore, it became customary to say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day.
Today, the custom has again changed – with people davening Mincha just before nightfall both on regular days and on fast days. In other words, there is once again a concern that if kohanim are permitted to say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day they may start saying it during Mincha on a regular day as well.
Should we, therefore, return to the original halacha to never say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha?
The Chazon Ish (O.C. 20) ruled that we should not change the custom we received from the generations that preceded us. Birchas Kohanim should therefore be said during Mincha on a fast day (see also Teshuvos Rav Po’alim 4:5).
Early Mincha on a Fast Day
A further question can be asked. The permission to say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day was based on the fact that on fast days, unlike the rest of the year, communities daven Mincha before nightfall. What if a particular community doesn’t? What if a particular community davens Mincha early on fast days as well?
Although he did not wish to publish this ruling, the Chazon Ish ruled in his own beis midrash that when davening Mincha early on a fast day, Birchas Kohanim should still be said. Birchas Kohanim is a biblical mitzvah, he said, and since we are only uncertain whether a rabbinic restriction forbids us from performing it, we should follow the certain Torah law (see Kehilos Yaakov 2; Teshuvos Rav Po’alim, ibid).
About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at email@example.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.
If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.
Comments are closed.
France allowed Islamists to flourish despite their loyalty to Islamic sharia law not French values
Approximately 18 years ago, my uncle called me into his office saying he had an urgent matter to discuss. I didn’t know what he had in mind.
“Where is God?” asked the Kotzker Rebbe “God is not everywhere but only where you let Him enter”
Her first tactic was tefillah; she immediately began to recite one perek after another of Tehillim.
When a miracle occurs that transcends nature, Hashem has broken the laws of nature to create the miracle.
“How could you have expected my glasses to be there?” argued Mr. Weiss. “You shouldn’t have to pay.”
Rather than submit to this fate and suffer torture and humiliation, Shaul decided to fall on his sword.
How can the Da’as Zekeinim say this was Hashem’s plan to allow them to become the Torah Nation? We know it was actually a punishment.
A strange midrash of fruit trees surrounding the Nation of Israel as they walked to freedom
Leading by example must be visible, regarding where, when and how-like Nachshon entering the Red Sea
Rabbi Yaakov Nagen, a Ram at Yeshivat Otniel, notes that the verse is suggesting that retelling the story of the Exodus is so important that Hashem is performing ever-greater miracles specifically so that parents can tell their stories to future generations.
Before performing the 10th plague God makes a fundamental argument about the ultimate nature of justice.
Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
Mitzvah Or Kinyan?
‘Both Shall Have Intention At The Same Time’
A Kohen Of Choice
‘A Deaf-Mute, A Mentally Challenged Person, A Minor…’
A Posted Picture Saves The Day
‘In Order To Avoid Igun…’
Reward And Punishment
‘Masser Rishon For The levi’im’
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-136/2014/07/03/
Scan this QR code to visit this page online: