web analytics
May 29, 2015 / 11 Sivan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Birchas Kohanim On A Fast Day
‘Because of Intoxication…’
(Taanis 26b)

We learn in our sugya that a kohen who drank wine may not say Birchas Kohanim. For this reason, our Sages decreed that Birchas Kohanim should not be said during Mincha since a kohen may have drunk wine beforehand. This is the accepted halacha (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 129:1).

According to this reasoning, Birchas Kohanim should still be said during Mincha on fast days since kohanim will obviously not have drunk wine on those days. However, R’ Yossi (whose opinion is accepted) rules that if we were to allow Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day, it would be said during Mincha on regular days as well. To prevent this from happening, our Sages forbade saying Birchas Kohanim during every Mincha of the year – fast days included.

 

No Confusion

The Gemara, however, explains that during the era of the Talmud it was customary to daven Mincha in the early afternoon on a regular day, but right before nightfall on a fast day. Sincethe two times for davening Mincha differed, there was no longer a concern that kohanim would say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a regular day if allowed to say it on a fast day. Therefore, it became customary to say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day.

Today, the custom has again changed – with people davening Mincha just before nightfall both on regular days and on fast days. In other words, there is once again a concern that if kohanim are permitted to say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day they may start saying it during Mincha on a regular day as well.

Should we, therefore, return to the original halacha to never say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha?

 

A Matter Of Custom

­The Chazon Ish (O.C. 20) ruled that we should not change the custom we received from the generations that preceded us. Birchas Kohanim should therefore be said during Mincha on a fast day (see also Teshuvos Rav Po’alim 4:5).

 

Early Mincha on a Fast Day

A further question can be asked. The permission to say Birchas Kohanim during Mincha on a fast day was based on the fact that on fast days, unlike the rest of the year, communities daven Mincha before nightfall. What if a particular community doesn’t? What if a particular community davens Mincha early on fast days as well?

Although he did not wish to publish this ruling, the Chazon Ish ruled in his own beis midrash that when davening Mincha early on a fast day, Birchas Kohanim should still be said. Birchas Kohanim is a biblical mitzvah, he said, and since we are only uncertain whether a rabbinic restriction forbids us from performing it, we should follow the certain Torah law (see Kehilos Yaakov 2; Teshuvos Rav Po’alim, ibid).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.
Israel Envisions Regional Cooperation with Arab Nations
Latest Judaism Stories
Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

Why did so many of our great sages from the Rambam to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein live outside Israel?

Daf-Yomi-logo

Casting A Doubt
‘Shall We Say [They] Are Not Valid?’
(Nedarim 5a-7a)

Lessons-in-Emunah-new

I was about six years old at the time and recall that very special occasion so well.

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Why was Samson singled out as the only Shofet required to be a nazir from cradle to grave?

“What do you mean?” asked the secretary. “We already issued a ruling and closed the case.”

Tosafos suggests several answers as to how a minor can own an item, m’d’Oraisa.

This week’s video discusses the important connection between the Priestly Blessing and parenting.

Many of us simply don’t get the need for the Torah to list the exact same gift offering, 12 times!

There is a great debate as to whether this story actually took place or is simply a metaphor, a prophetic vision shown to Hoshea by Hashem.

Every person is presented with moments when he/she must make difficult decisions about how to proceed.

One does not necessarily share the opinions of one’s brother. One may disapprove of his actions, values, and/or beliefs. However, with brothers there is a bond of love and caring that transcends all differences.

This Shavuot let’s give G-d a gift too: Let’s make this year different by doing just 1 more mitzvah

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if […]

God and the divine origin of His Torah are facts even though we do not fully comprehend them.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Casting A Doubt
‘Shall We Say [They] Are Not Valid?’
(Nedarim 5a-7a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Honor Of Reading The Kesubah
‘Witnesses Sign Only After Reading…’
(Kesubos 109a)

Twice Promised
“Such And Such [I Give My Son]…”
(Kesubos 102b)

Seller’s Remorse
‘He Sold Because He Ostensibly Needed The Funds’
(Ketubbot 97a)

The Debt Lives On
‘The Orphans’ Mitzvah To Repay Their Father’s Debts’
(Ketubot 91b)

Ramifications Of A Printers Error
‘The Note Holder’s Burden of Proof’
(Kesubos 83b)

Oh My, It’s Copper!
‘…And One Who Is A Coppersmith’
(Kethubboth 77a)

The Heiress?
‘Determining The Daughter’s Status’
(Kesubos 68b-69a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-136/2014/07/03/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: