web analytics
November 26, 2014 / 4 Kislev, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
IDC Herzliya Campus A Day on Campus

To mark IDC Herzliya’s 20th anniversary, we spent a day following Prof. Uriel Reichman, IDC’s founder and president, and Jonathan Davis, VP for External Relations, around its delightful campus.



Daf Yomi


Daf-Yomi-logo

Was Shmuel Not The Greatest?
‘Three Thousand Halachos Were Forgotten’
(Temurah 16a)

The Gemara relates that during the period of mourning for Moshe, 3,000 halachos were forgotten. Bnei Yisrael approached Yehoshua and requested that he recover the forgotten halachos by means of prophesy. Yehoshua responded that Torah laws cannot be retrieved in this manner because, as the pasuk (Devarim 30:12) states, “Lo ba’shamayim hi – [The Torah] is not in the heavens….” All Torah laws must be decided by the sages based upon the Torah that was given to Moshe at Mt. Sinai. Torah laws are not in the province of the heavenly court.

The Gemara relates that Shmuel was also asked to recover these halachos. He responded similarly but cited a different pasuk (Vayikra 27:34): “Eleh hamitzvos asher tzivah Hashem es Moshe el Bnei Yisrael b’har Sinai – These are the commandments that Hashem commanded Moshe to the children of Israel on Mount Sinai.” These are the commandments – nothing else may be added, not even by a prophet. At most a navi, through prophecy, can institute a temporary modification of a Torah law. However, if he seeks to introduce a permanent change in the Torah or to add a new mitzvah, he and his prophecy should be rejected.

The Choice Of Pesukim

The Maharsha (ad loc.) asks why Yehoshua didn’t invoke the rule cited by Shmuel that a prophet is not allowed to introduce a new halacha. Why did he invoke the reason of “it is not in the heavens”?

In A League Of His Own

Rabbi Yosef Shaul Halevi Natanson (Divrei Shaul to our Gemara) answers that the rule of “a navi may not add a halacha through prophesy” didn’t apply to Yehoshua, just as it did not apply to Moshe. Basically Moshe was in a league of his own when it came to prophecy. All other prophets besides Moshe, for example, had to prove themselves by means of an os (a sign as a prediction) or a mofes (a miracle, something supernatural). Moshe was unique because all of Klal Yisrael witnessed Hashem speaking to him.

He Too Was Unique

As regards to Yehoshua, Rabbi Natanson writes that his prophecy was also unique; he too did not need to perform an os or a mofes to establish the credibility of his prophecy because Klal Yisrael witnessed the mantle of leadership being transferred to him by Moshe. Therefore, he was not subject to the rule that “a navi may not add a halacha through prophesy.” Thus, when asked to recover the lost halchos, Yehoshua had to cite the dictum that the Torah is not in the heavens.

Over 600,000 Witnesses

The one difficulty with this answer is that the Gemara (Berachos 31b) derives from the pasuk (Tehillim 99:6) “Moshe v’Aharon b’kohanav u’Shmuel b’kor’ei shemo… – Moshe and Aharon of [Hashem’s] priests and Shmuel who invoke His Name…” that Shmuel was equal in greatness to Moshe and Aharon combined. If so, why didn’t Shmuel cite the same pasuk as Yehoshua? He not only equaled him in greatness but surpassed him!

The answer lies in the fact that, as we noted above, all of Klal Yisrael witnessed Hashem conversing with Moshe and they also witnessed Moshe passing the scepter to Yehoshua. However, Hashem only revealed Himself to Shmuel in the house of Eli. The people accepted Shmuel as a prophet because they saw everything he said in Hashem’s Name came true.

This week’s Daf Yomi Highlights is based upon Al Hadaf, published by Cong. Al Hadaf, 17N Rigaud Rd., Spring Valley, NY 10977-2533. Al Hadaf, published semi-monthly, is available by subscription: U.S. – $40 per year; Canada – $54 per year; overseas – $65 per year. For dedication information, contact Rabbi Zev Dickstein, editor, 845-356-9114 or visit Alhadafyomi.org.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
President Obama overlaid against photo of Jonathan Pollard.
The Hidden Reason the United States Won’t Release Pollard.
Latest Judaism Stories
Dante's Vision of Rachel and Leah

Yitzhak called you Esav and you answered him, then he called you Yaakov and you also answered him!”

Rabbi Avi Weiss

Yitzchak thought the Jewish people needed dual leadership: Eisav the physical; Yaakov the spiritual

Weiss-112114-Sufganiot

According to the Sefer Yetzirah, the nature of the month of Kislev is sleep.

Teller-Rabbi-Hanoch-NEW

Though braggarts come across as conceited, their boasting often reflects a low sense of self-regard

Not every child can live up to our hopes or expectations, but every child is loved by Hashem.

Leaders must always pay attention to the importance of timing.

While our leaders have been shepherds, the vast majority of the Children of Israel were farmers.

Maimonides himself walked and prayed in the permissible areas when he visited Eretz Yisrael in 1165

If a man dies childless, the Torah commands the deceased’s brother to marry his brother’s widow in a ceremony known as yibum, or to perform a special form of divorce ceremony with her known as chalitzah.

Dovid turned to the other people sitting at his table. “I’m revoking my hefker of the Chumash,” he announced. “I want to keep it.”

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Question: My young daughter was recently diagnosed with autism. She does not function well socially and is extremely introverted, but we have noticed that she reacts very well to small animals. We reported this to her therapist who suggested that we get a dog or cat as a pet. We know that most religious people frown upon having pets, but we hate to see our daughter suffer and want to do anything that would make her happy. Would it be okay to own a pet in the circumstances we described?

Her Loving Parents
(Via E-Mail)

Ramban interprets Korban as self-sacrifice, each Jew should attempt to recreate Akeidas Yitzchak.

Dr. Schwartz had no other alternatives up his sleeve. He suggested my mother go home and think about what she wanted to do.

Why does Lavan’s speaking before his father show that he was wicked? Disrespectful, yes. Rude, certainly. But a rasha?

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Where Frequency Matters
‘We Forbid Haircutting And Laundering’
(Yevamos 43b)

Informing The Decision
‘Found To Be With Child’
(Yevamos 35b)

The Ban Of The Communities
‘Impaired Chalitzah’
(Yevamos 26b)

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

For Appearance’s Sake
‘Shammai Did Not Follow Their Own Ruling’
(Yevamos 13b 14a)

Being Overly Burdensome
My Sabbaths Shall You Observe’
(Yevamos 6a)

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-22/2012/02/29/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: