web analytics
July 4, 2015 / 17 Tammuz, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Kotel And The Mall
‘Sratya u’Platya’
(Eruvin 7a)

Our daf concerns the subject of eruvin. Let us apply some of the halachos of eruvin to contemporary situations.

Two types of reshus harabim discussed in the Gemara are sratya and platya. Rashi (Shabbos 6a s.v. “sratya u’platya”) explains that a platya is a town square where merchants gather to sell their wares while a sratya is a public road. The Chacham Tzvi writes (Teshuvos 37) in the name of the Rashba that although the Gemara permits carrying in a reshus harabim if it is closed off by gates at night, this leniency does not apply to a platya. He explains that a sratya is mostly used by its residents. Therefore, it loses its reshus harabim status when it is closed off. A platya, however, is used equally by anyone who wishes to gather there. Therefore, it retains its reshus harabim status even if it is closed off by gates.

Private or Public?

The Chacham Tzvi regarded this ruling as an astounding chiddush which was not mentioned in any of the other commentaries he had available to him. Since the Chacham Tzvi’s time, however, the commentary of the Meiri (a rishon) has been printed, and he writes that closed gates do not permit carrying in a platya (Shabbos 6a). Furthermore, in his commentary to the Mishnayos, the Vilna Gaon also concurs with this opinion (introduction to Shnos Eliyahu). According to these opinions, an eruv does not permit carrying in a public square.

Shopping Malls

Based on this halachic position, one would seemingly not be able to carry in an enclosed shopping mall even if an eruv surrounded it. The Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchosa, however, rules that enclosed shopping malls cannot be considered a reshus harabim since they’re covered with roofs. Therefore, one is permitted to carry within them.

City streets in shopping districts are also not examples of a platya since the stores in which people make their purchases are considered separate from the street.

Carrying at the Kotel

Based on the Rashba’s opinion, Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, zt”l, thought that the kotel should perhaps be considered a platya and therefor a place in which one is not allowed to carry – despite the Jerusalem eruv. Unlike a shopping mall, the kotel plaza has no roof. Rabbi Auerbach concludes, however, that the designation of “platya” only applies to commercial areas. Since the kotel plaza is not a commercial town square, G-d forbid, carrying there is permitted (Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchosa 17).

The above discussion is based on the interpretation of the Rashba that carrying in a platya is always forbidden. The Chayei Adam, however, interprets the Rashba otherwise. He writes that even the Rashba would agree that a platya surrounded by four walls loses its reshus harabim status (Nishmas Adam 49:2). Since the kotel is surrounded by Jerusalem’s walls, we have another reason to permit carrying there.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
UN Human Rights Council
UN HRC Condemns Israel (But Not Hamas) for War Crimes
Latest Judaism Stories
Rabbi Avi Weiss

With Ruth, The Torah seems to be stating that children shouldn’t be punished for the sins of parents

Neihaus-070315

Without a foundation, one cannot hope to build a structure.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Why do we have a parsha in Sefer Shemos named after Yisro who was not only a former idolater, but actually served as a priest for Avodah Zarah!

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

The Shulchan Aruch in the very first siman states that one should rise in the morning like a lion, implying that simply rising form bed requires strength of a lion, in line with the Midrash.

Attempts to interpret the message of Hashem in the absence of divine prophecy ultimately may twist that message in unintended ways that can lead to calamitous events.

Suddenly, the pilot’s voice could be heard. He explained that this was a special day for those passengers on board who lived in Israel.

If the sick person is thrust into a situation where he is compelled to face his sickness head on, we who are not yet sick can encourage him by facing it with him.

All agree that Jews ARE different. How? Why? The Bible’s answer is surprising and profound.

What’s the nation of Israel’s purpose in the world? How we can bring God’s blessings into the world?

“Is there a difference between rescuing and other services?” asked Ploni.

To my dismay, I’ve seen that shidduch candidates with money become ALL desirable traits for marriage

Bil’am’s character is complex and nuanced; neither purely good nor purely evil.

Amalek, our ultimate foe, understood that when unified, we are invincible and indestructible.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Not As An Asmachta?
“An Asmachta [In Beis Din] Does Acquire”
(Nedarim 27b)

Ulla’s Murderous Companion
‘Yes! Cut Him Even Deeper’
(Nedarim 22a)

An Enduring Text
‘If One Vows By The Torah…’
(Nedarim 14b)

Casting A Doubt
‘Shall We Say [They] Are Not Valid?’
(Nedarim 5a-7a)

The Honor Of Reading The Kesubah
‘Witnesses Sign Only After Reading…’
(Kesubos 109a)

Twice Promised
“Such And Such [I Give My Son]…”
(Kesubos 102b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-68/2013/03/13/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: