web analytics
March 1, 2015 / 10 Adar , 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi


Daf-Yomi-logo

When Life Is A Zoo
(Eruvin 23b)

The term karpif refers to an area that is not used for living purposes on a daily basis. For example, a place outside a city that is used for storing wood is considered a karpif. The Sages prohibited carrying in a karpif even when it is enclosed by fences on all sides because it resembles a reshus harabim in that it is a large area and not used for dwelling. The halacha follows Rabbi Akiva (Eruvin 23a) that carrying is only prohibited in a karpif which is larger than two beth se’ah (5,000 square cubits, which was the size of the courtyard of the Mishkan).

The mishnah (ibid. 18a) states that carrying is permitted in a dir (a cattle-pen where animals graze) regardless of its size because it’s considered an enclosed residential area and therefore does not have the status of a karpif (which is not residential in nature).

Defining A Dwelling

The Biur Halacha (Orach Chayim 358) cites three possible reasons why the mishnah considers a cattle-pen an enclosed residential area. First, because although people don’t live there, animals do; that is enough for the area to be considered “residential” (Rashba). Second, because a place which people frequent is considered residential and since shepherds often enter cattle-pens to care for the animals, they are considered residential (Rashi, 22a s.v. “kol Avir”). Third, because the mishnah is specifically talking about cattle-pens that contain a watchman’s hut (Rabbenu Yehonasan, cf. Rashi 19b s.v. “dir”). Ordinary cattle-pens, however, are not considered residential.

A Watchman’s Hut An Abode?

The Gemara (supra 22a) states that fields with watchmen’s huts are not considered residential since the watchman’s primary purpose is to watch the field, not to live in it. Therefore, if the field is larger than two beth se’ah, carrying in it is prohibited despite the presence of a watchman’s hut.

The Noda B’Yehudah (2nd vol. Orach Chayim 47) remarks that this Gemara seems to contradict Rabbenu Yehonasan who argues that that the presence of a watchman’s hut makes an area residential. To resolve this contradiction, the Noda B’Yehudah suggests that the Gemara is referring to a hut that is only used by a watchmen intermittently, whereas Rabbenu Yehonassan is referring to a hut used by a watchman 24 hours a day.

A Zoo: Nice Place To Visit But…

The Noda B’Yehudah (ad loc.) was asked whether carrying is permitted in a zoo. Is it a dir where carrying is permitted or a karpif where carrying is prohibited? He answered that although a zoo superficially seems like a dir, in fact it is not. A dir houses domesticated animals where people can in theory live. A zoo, however, houses wild animals in addition to domesticated ones, and people cannot live in harmony with animals like lions and tigers. The presence of a building inside the zoo used by a zookeeper does not change anything (unless he lives there 24 hours a day).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
israel-day-parade-bds
Jewish Communal Fund Provides Millions To New Israel Fund
Latest Judaism Stories
Niehaus-022715

One should not give the money before Purim morning or after sunset.

Mendlowitz-022715-Basket

The mishloach manos of times gone by were sometimes simple and sometimes elaborate, but the main focus was on the preparation of the delicious food they contained.

Winiarz-022715-Kids

Does Hashem ever go away and not pay attention to us?

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

In other words, the Torah is an expression of the Way that we must follow in order to live a divine-like life and to bond in the highest way possible with God or Being Itself.

The Chasam Sofer answers that one of only prohibited from wearing a garment that contains shatnez if he does so while wearing the garment for pleasure purposes.

The avodah (service) of the kohen gadol is vital and highly sensitive; the world’s very existence depends on it.

Moreover, even if the perpetrator of the capital offense is never actually executed, such as when the fatal act was unintentional, Kam Lei applies and the judge cannot award damages.

Forever After?
‘Obligated for Challahh and Not Terumah’
(Kesubos 25a)

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

“We really appreciate your efforts in straightening the shul,” said Mr. Reiss. “How is it going?”

This was a spontaneous act of rest after the miracle of vanquishing their respective foes. The following year they celebrated on the same days as a minhag.

The way we must to relate to our young adult children is to communicate with genuine loving-kindness

Jewish prayer is a convergence of 2 modes of biblical spirituality, exemplified by Moses and Aaron

In holy places it’s important to maintain a level of silence permitting people to dialogue with God

Eventually, after some trial and error, including an experience with a prima donna and one with a thief, I baruch Hashem ultimately found a fine, honest and reliable household helper.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

The Threat Of Death
‘Sign or Else…’
(Kesubos 19a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Tethered To The Mother
‘If She Is Fit, Her Daughter Is Also Fit’
(Kesubbos 13b)

A Joy And A Blessing
‘Rejoicing All Seven Days’
(Kesubbos 4b)

An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
(Yevamos 120b)

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

Mitzvah Or Kinyan?
‘Both Shall Have Intention At The Same Time’
(Yevamos 102b)

A Kohen Of Choice
‘A Deaf-Mute, A Mentally Challenged Person, A Minor…’
(Yevamos 99b)

A Posted Picture Saves The Day
‘In Order To Avoid Igun…’
(Yevamos 88a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-70/2013/03/25/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: