web analytics
October 23, 2014 / 29 Tishri, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Twin Cities
‘A City Is Given A Karpif’
(Eruvin 57a)

If house stands less than 70 and 2/3 amos outside a city, it is considered an extension of the city and the techum – the 2,000 amos perimeter around a city beyond which one may not walk on Shabbos – is measured from that house.

R. Meir in our mishnah says that the techum of a city is not measured from the last house in a city, but rather from the city’s outskirts – its karpif – which is a perimeter of 70 and 2/3 amos of open space around the city and considered part of the city. Thus, one may walk a total of 2,070 and 2/3 amos outside a city on Shabbos.

A Matter of Continuity

The Sages disagree and maintain that the legal application of a karpif applies only in the instance of two neighboring cities. If two cities are within 70 and 2/3 amos of each other, they are considered one contiguous city and the residents of city A may walk 2,000 amos beyond city B (and vice versa). The halacha follows R. Huna who explains that each city is granted a space of 70 and 2/3 amos outside it. Thus, if the open space between the cities is no more than 141 and 1/3 amos – i.e. 2 x 70 and 2/3 amos – the two cities are considered one extended city.

The Rash (to our daf, 57a) cites the Maharam of Rothenberg who rules in accordance with R. Meir that the 2,000-amah techum of a city starts after its karpif (meaning that city residents are allowed to walk 2,000 amos plus an additional 70 and 2/3 amos beyond the city on Shabbos).

The Ritva (novella 57a) states that R. Meir only grants an extra 70 and 2/3 amos beyond the city itself, not beyond any isolated house standing outside the city. We measure from the city, not from the isolated house.

A Ruin

The Chazon Ish (110:19) draws a distinction between an occupied house and an abandoned house. He suggests that the Ritva is referring to an abandoned house. An occupied house, however, that stands within 70 and 2/3 amos of a city is considered part of the city proper and not merely an extension. Accordingly, we measure the techum starting 70 and 2/3 amos past any occupied house outside the city.

A Modern Application

Today many jurisdictions contain groups of continuous cities – each separately administered, with the open space between them measuring no more than 141 and 1/3 amos. In these jurisdictions, the halacha follows R. Huna and the residents of each city may walk 2,000 amos beyond the farthest city in each direction.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Ebola virus particles.
New York City Hospital Testing Patient for Ebola Virus
Latest Judaism Stories
Rapps-Rabbi-Joshua-logo

Shem realized that he owed his existence to his father who brought him into the world.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

Weck-110411-Noah

The flood was not sent to destroy, but to restore the positive potential of the world.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Why is there is no mention of dinosaurs, and other prehistoric animals, in the Torah?

Strict din demands perfection. There is no room for shortcomings and no place for excuses; you are responsible.

Surprisingly, my husband and one son arrived home over half-an-hour earlier than usual. I excitedly shared my perfect-timing story, but my better half one upped me easily.

Noach felt a tug, and then heard a rip. His jacket had been caught on the nail, and the beautiful suit had a tear.

Boundaries must be set in every home. Parents and children are not pals. They are not equals.

Noah and his wife could not fathom living together as husband and wife and continuing the human race

The Babel story is the 2nd in a 4-act drama that’s unmistakably a connecting thread of Bereishit

Our intentions are critical in raising children because they mimic everything we parents do & think

A humble person who achieves a position of prominence will utilize the standing to benefit others.

Myth #1: It is easy to be a B’nai Noach. It is extraordinarily hard to be a B’nai Noach.

The creation of the world is described twice. Each description serves a unique purpose.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

For Appearance’s Sake
‘Shammai Did Not Follow Their Own Ruling’
(Yevamos 13b 14a)

Being Overly Burdensome
My Sabbaths Shall You Observe’
(Yevamos 6a)

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

A Role Reversal
‘Return, O Wayward Sons…’
(Chagigah 15a)

An Astonishing Miracle
‘Why Bring the Infants to Hakhel?’
(Chagigah 3a)

A Blast At A Funeral?
“R. Hamnuna Came To Daramutha…”
(Moed Kattan 27b)

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-74/2013/04/24/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: