web analytics
November 22, 2014 / 29 Heshvan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
IDC Herzliya Campus A Day on Campus

To mark IDC Herzliya’s 20th anniversary, we spent a day following Prof. Uriel Reichman, IDC’s founder and president, and Jonathan Davis, VP for External Relations, around its delightful campus.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Spreading the Wealth
‘Giving to Only One Poor Person’
(Eruvin 63a)

Should a person donate all the charitable funds at his disposal to one cause? Or should he rather divide his money among several worthy causes? Poskim discuss this question based on R’ Abba bar Zavda’s statement in our sugya: “Anyone who gives all his priestly gifts to one kohen brings famine to the world.”

Famine in the Land

As we know, kohanim are entitled to a variety of tithes of agricultural produce. The Gemara teaches us that it is improper to give all of one’s tithes to a single kohen. The source for this is Shmuel II. Chapter 20 verse 26 states, “And Eera the Yaari was kohen to David” and immediately afterward, chatter 21 verse 1 states, “And there was a famine in the days of David.” David gave all his tithes to Eera, leaving other kohanim hungry. As an appropriate punishment, middah keneged middah, Hashem caused a famine to strike the land (Iyun Yaakov).

Accordingly, the Rosh rules that it is forbidden to give all one’s tithes to a single kohen. However, the Rambam omits this halacha. The Rashash explains the Rambam’s omission by noting that this Gemara contradicts the principle of makirei kehunah – “recognized kohanim.” According to this principle, if a Jew is accustomed to giving his tithes to a certain kohen, it is forbidden for him to exchange his chosen beneficiary for another (Bava Basra 123b, see Tosafos).

An Indigent Kohen

Rabbi Yosef Chaim Zonnenfeld (Salmas Chaim 15) attempts to resolve this contradiction based on the Or HaChaim (Rishon L’Tzion Y.D. 257 s.k. 9) who writes that it is forbidden to give one kohen more than his basic needs at the expense of others who are left hungry. This Or HaChaim indicates that if the chosen kohen does not have enough to meet his needs, it is permitted and, indeed required, to give him all one’s tithes.

24 Priestly Tithes

Rabbi Chaim Kanievski (Derech Emunah, Hilchos Maaser 7:s.k. 38) offers an alternative explanation. He argues that while it is forbidden to give all 24 types of priestly tithes to one kohen, it is permitted to designate one kohen as makirei kehunah to routinely receive one particular type of tithe.

In any case, the Mordechai (Bava Basra 502) accepts R’ Abba’s ruling at face value and rules “that it is forbidden to give all the charitable funds at one’s disposal to a single poor relative and forsake his other relatives. It is also forbidden to give all one’s charitable funds to a single poor person, and ignore the rest.” The Shulchan Aruch follows this ruling (Y.D. 257:19).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Colleagues of the hanged Arab bus driver whose death continues to be referred to as murder despite autopsy finding of suicide. These are Arab drivers of Egged buses, claiming they suffer discrimination by Israelis.
Arab Pathologist Singing New Tune: Murder (By Jews) Not Suicide
Latest Judaism Stories
Rabbi Avi Weiss

Yitzchak thought the Jewish people needed dual leadership: Eisav the physical; Yaakov the spiritual

Weiss-112114-Sufganiot

According to the Sefer Yetzirah, the nature of the month of Kislev is sleep.

Teller-Rabbi-Hanoch-NEW

Though braggarts come across as conceited, their boasting often reflects a low sense of self-regard

Nimchinsky-112114-Learning

Not every child can live up to our hopes or expectations, but every child is loved by Hashem.

Leaders must always pay attention to the importance of timing.

While our leaders have been shepherds, the vast majority of the Children of Israel were farmers.

Maimonides himself walked and prayed in the permissible areas when he visited Eretz Yisrael in 1165

If a man dies childless, the Torah commands the deceased’s brother to marry his brother’s widow in a ceremony known as yibum, or to perform a special form of divorce ceremony with her known as chalitzah.

Dovid turned to the other people sitting at his table. “I’m revoking my hefker of the Chumash,” he announced. “I want to keep it.”

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Question: My young daughter was recently diagnosed with autism. She does not function well socially and is extremely introverted, but we have noticed that she reacts very well to small animals. We reported this to her therapist who suggested that we get a dog or cat as a pet. We know that most religious people frown upon having pets, but we hate to see our daughter suffer and want to do anything that would make her happy. Would it be okay to own a pet in the circumstances we described?

Her Loving Parents
(Via E-Mail)

Ramban interprets Korban as self-sacrifice, each Jew should attempt to recreate Akeidas Yitzchak.

Dr. Schwartz had no other alternatives up his sleeve. He suggested my mother go home and think about what she wanted to do.

Why does Lavan’s speaking before his father show that he was wicked? Disrespectful, yes. Rude, certainly. But a rasha?

We find that in certain circumstances before the Torah was actually given, people were permitted to make calculations as to what would better serve Hashem, even if it were against a mitzvah or aveirah.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Where Frequency Matters
‘We Forbid Haircutting And Laundering’
(Yevamos 43b)

Informing The Decision
‘Found To Be With Child’
(Yevamos 35b)

The Ban Of The Communities
‘Impaired Chalitzah’
(Yevamos 26b)

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

For Appearance’s Sake
‘Shammai Did Not Follow Their Own Ruling’
(Yevamos 13b 14a)

Being Overly Burdensome
My Sabbaths Shall You Observe’
(Yevamos 6a)

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-76/2013/05/09/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: