web analytics
March 2, 2015 / 11 Adar , 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Spreading the Wealth
‘Giving to Only One Poor Person’
(Eruvin 63a)

Should a person donate all the charitable funds at his disposal to one cause? Or should he rather divide his money among several worthy causes? Poskim discuss this question based on R’ Abba bar Zavda’s statement in our sugya: “Anyone who gives all his priestly gifts to one kohen brings famine to the world.”

Famine in the Land

As we know, kohanim are entitled to a variety of tithes of agricultural produce. The Gemara teaches us that it is improper to give all of one’s tithes to a single kohen. The source for this is Shmuel II. Chapter 20 verse 26 states, “And Eera the Yaari was kohen to David” and immediately afterward, chatter 21 verse 1 states, “And there was a famine in the days of David.” David gave all his tithes to Eera, leaving other kohanim hungry. As an appropriate punishment, middah keneged middah, Hashem caused a famine to strike the land (Iyun Yaakov).

Accordingly, the Rosh rules that it is forbidden to give all one’s tithes to a single kohen. However, the Rambam omits this halacha. The Rashash explains the Rambam’s omission by noting that this Gemara contradicts the principle of makirei kehunah – “recognized kohanim.” According to this principle, if a Jew is accustomed to giving his tithes to a certain kohen, it is forbidden for him to exchange his chosen beneficiary for another (Bava Basra 123b, see Tosafos).

An Indigent Kohen

Rabbi Yosef Chaim Zonnenfeld (Salmas Chaim 15) attempts to resolve this contradiction based on the Or HaChaim (Rishon L’Tzion Y.D. 257 s.k. 9) who writes that it is forbidden to give one kohen more than his basic needs at the expense of others who are left hungry. This Or HaChaim indicates that if the chosen kohen does not have enough to meet his needs, it is permitted and, indeed required, to give him all one’s tithes.

24 Priestly Tithes

Rabbi Chaim Kanievski (Derech Emunah, Hilchos Maaser 7:s.k. 38) offers an alternative explanation. He argues that while it is forbidden to give all 24 types of priestly tithes to one kohen, it is permitted to designate one kohen as makirei kehunah to routinely receive one particular type of tithe.

In any case, the Mordechai (Bava Basra 502) accepts R’ Abba’s ruling at face value and rules “that it is forbidden to give all the charitable funds at one’s disposal to a single poor relative and forsake his other relatives. It is also forbidden to give all one’s charitable funds to a single poor person, and ignore the rest.” The Shulchan Aruch follows this ruling (Y.D. 257:19).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Americans have a more favorable view of Netanyahu than they do of Obama.
Americans’ Favorable View of Netanyahu at Record High, Says Gallup Poll
Latest Judaism Stories
Esther Denouncing Haman

Purim is the battleground of extremes, Amalek and Yisrael, with Zoroastrian Persia in between.

Niehaus-022715

One should not give the money before Purim morning or after sunset.

Mendlowitz-022715-Basket

The mishloach manos of times gone by were sometimes simple and sometimes elaborate, but the main focus was on the preparation of the delicious food they contained.

Winiarz-022715-Kids

Does Hashem ever go away and not pay attention to us?

In other words, the Torah is an expression of the Way that we must follow in order to live a divine-like life and to bond in the highest way possible with God or Being Itself.

The Chasam Sofer answers that one of only prohibited from wearing a garment that contains shatnez if he does so while wearing the garment for pleasure purposes.

The avodah (service) of the kohen gadol is vital and highly sensitive; the world’s very existence depends on it.

Moreover, even if the perpetrator of the capital offense is never actually executed, such as when the fatal act was unintentional, Kam Lei applies and the judge cannot award damages.

Forever After?
‘Obligated for Challahh and Not Terumah’
(Kesubos 25a)

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

“We really appreciate your efforts in straightening the shul,” said Mr. Reiss. “How is it going?”

This was a spontaneous act of rest after the miracle of vanquishing their respective foes. The following year they celebrated on the same days as a minhag.

The way we must to relate to our young adult children is to communicate with genuine loving-kindness

Jewish prayer is a convergence of 2 modes of biblical spirituality, exemplified by Moses and Aaron

In holy places it’s important to maintain a level of silence permitting people to dialogue with God

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

The Threat Of Death
‘Sign or Else…’
(Kesubos 19a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Tethered To The Mother
‘If She Is Fit, Her Daughter Is Also Fit’
(Kesubbos 13b)

A Joy And A Blessing
‘Rejoicing All Seven Days’
(Kesubbos 4b)

An Explosion In The Trench
‘With A Glowing Hot Knife’
(Yevamos 120b)

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

Mitzvah Or Kinyan?
‘Both Shall Have Intention At The Same Time’
(Yevamos 102b)

A Kohen Of Choice
‘A Deaf-Mute, A Mentally Challenged Person, A Minor…’
(Yevamos 99b)

A Posted Picture Saves The Day
‘In Order To Avoid Igun…’
(Yevamos 88a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-76/2013/05/09/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: