web analytics
August 4, 2015 / 19 Av, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Spreading the Wealth
‘Giving to Only One Poor Person’
(Eruvin 63a)

Should a person donate all the charitable funds at his disposal to one cause? Or should he rather divide his money among several worthy causes? Poskim discuss this question based on R’ Abba bar Zavda’s statement in our sugya: “Anyone who gives all his priestly gifts to one kohen brings famine to the world.”

Famine in the Land

As we know, kohanim are entitled to a variety of tithes of agricultural produce. The Gemara teaches us that it is improper to give all of one’s tithes to a single kohen. The source for this is Shmuel II. Chapter 20 verse 26 states, “And Eera the Yaari was kohen to David” and immediately afterward, chatter 21 verse 1 states, “And there was a famine in the days of David.” David gave all his tithes to Eera, leaving other kohanim hungry. As an appropriate punishment, middah keneged middah, Hashem caused a famine to strike the land (Iyun Yaakov).

Accordingly, the Rosh rules that it is forbidden to give all one’s tithes to a single kohen. However, the Rambam omits this halacha. The Rashash explains the Rambam’s omission by noting that this Gemara contradicts the principle of makirei kehunah – “recognized kohanim.” According to this principle, if a Jew is accustomed to giving his tithes to a certain kohen, it is forbidden for him to exchange his chosen beneficiary for another (Bava Basra 123b, see Tosafos).

An Indigent Kohen

Rabbi Yosef Chaim Zonnenfeld (Salmas Chaim 15) attempts to resolve this contradiction based on the Or HaChaim (Rishon L’Tzion Y.D. 257 s.k. 9) who writes that it is forbidden to give one kohen more than his basic needs at the expense of others who are left hungry. This Or HaChaim indicates that if the chosen kohen does not have enough to meet his needs, it is permitted and, indeed required, to give him all one’s tithes.

24 Priestly Tithes

Rabbi Chaim Kanievski (Derech Emunah, Hilchos Maaser 7:s.k. 38) offers an alternative explanation. He argues that while it is forbidden to give all 24 types of priestly tithes to one kohen, it is permitted to designate one kohen as makirei kehunah to routinely receive one particular type of tithe.

In any case, the Mordechai (Bava Basra 502) accepts R’ Abba’s ruling at face value and rules “that it is forbidden to give all the charitable funds at one’s disposal to a single poor relative and forsake his other relatives. It is also forbidden to give all one’s charitable funds to a single poor person, and ignore the rest.” The Shulchan Aruch follows this ruling (Y.D. 257:19).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
David Menachem Gordon
On the first Yahrzeit of My Heroic Nephew: David Menachem Gordon (Zt”l)
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

By internalizing the Exodus, it is as if we ourselves were redeemed from Egypt.

Neihaus-073115

Each Shabbos we add the tefilla of “Ritzei” to Birchas HaMazon. In it we ask Hashem that on this day of Shabbos He should be pleased with us and save us. What exactly do we want to be saved from? Before we answer this question, let’s talk about this Friday, the 15th of Av. Many […]

Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks

Amongst the greatest disagreements in Judaism is the understanding of the 1st of the 10 Commandments

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

The director picked up the phone to Rabbi Dayan. “One of our counselors lost his check,” he said. “Do we have to issue a new one or is it his loss?”

Six events occurred on Tu B’Av, the 15th of Av, making it a festive day in the Jewish calendar.

Why would Moshe Rabbeinu have thought that the vow that disallowed him to enter Eretz Yisrael was annulled simply because he was allowed to conquer and enter the land of Sichon and Og?

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Snow in Jerusalem! For many New Englanders like me, snow pulls at our nostalgic heartstrings like nothing else can.

Man has conflicting wishes and desires. Man has forces pulling him in competing directions.

Perhaps the admonition here is that we should not trivialize the events of the past by saying that they are irrelevant to the modern Jew.

One must view the settlement of Israel in a positive light. Thinking otherwise is a grievous sin.

Reaching a stronger understanding of what Moses actually did to prevent him from entering the land

Anti-Zionism, today’s anti-Semitism, has gone viral, tragically supported globally & by many Jews

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

‘Older’ By A Month
‘…Until The Beginning Of Adar’
(Nedarim 63a)

The Plucked Apple
‘…Which Cannot Become Permitted’
(Nedarim 58a)

Going Public
‘From A Wealthy Roman Lady’
(Nedarim 50a)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Not As An Asmachta?
“An Asmachta [In Beis Din] Does Acquire”
(Nedarim 27b)

Ulla’s Murderous Companion
‘Yes! Cut Him Even Deeper’
(Nedarim 22a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-76/2013/05/09/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: