web analytics
July 5, 2015 / 18 Tammuz, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Whose Fridge?
‘If the Owner Retains a Holding There’
(Eruvin 85b)

We learned in the mishnah (72a) that guests who sleep in an owner-occupied house (or courtyard) on a temporary basis (for less than 30 days – see Biur Halacha, Orach Chayim 370 sv “ve’hish’elan”) are not required to make an eruv (see Rashi, sv “ubeis Hillel Omrim”) even if they have private dining and sleeping quarters. However, if the house is occupied by long-term guests or tenants living in separate quarters, all the occupants are required to join in an eruv to permit carrying from their private quarters to the jointly used courtyard (or hallway).

The halacha follows R. Yehuda in the mishnah on our daf who asserts that in certain situations an eruv is not required for a courtyard occupied by a landlord and his tenants. R. Yehuda asserts that if the landlord retains “tefisas yad” – namely, he keeps some of his belongings in the rental units – no eruv is needed for the courtyard (or hallway in the case of an apartment house) because the tenants have the status of (temporary) guests residing in the landlord’s house.

Muktzeh

The Gemara explains that the halacha of tefisas yad applies only if the items stored by the landlord in the tenant’s units are muktzeh and can’t be removed on Shabbos. If the stored items, however, are non-muktzeh and can be removed, an eruv is necessary.

Weighty

The Tur (ad loc. O.C. 370) adds that if the stored items are very heavy, making their being moved rather unlikely, the tefisas yad exemption applies even if the items are not muktzeh.

Landlord’s Fridge

Rav Moshe Feinstein (Responsa Igros Moshe, Orach Chayim Vol. 1:141), based on the halacha of tefisas yad, asserts that an eruv is not required in an owner-occupied apartment house (to permit tenants to carry from their apartments to the common hallway and courtyard) provided that the owner supplies his tenants such utilities as a stove or a refrigerator. Since these items belong to the owner and cannot be removed on Shabbos, R. Yehuda’s law of tefisas yad applies and the residents may carry from their apartments to the hallway and to their fellow neighbors’ apartments without need of an eruv.

Tenant’s Fridge

The Chazon Ish (siman 82) asserts that R. Yehuda’s law of tefisas yad is applicable only in a situation where the owner retains the right to store his personal items in his tenants’ apartments. However, if the items maintained in the apartments are intended solely for the tenants’ use during the course of their tenancy – such as stoves and refrigerators – then they do not constitute a tefisas yad of the owner and an eruv is necessary.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Iranian FM Javad Zarif and US Secy of State Kerry on the Fourth of July.
Report: Iran Deal Reached — on Sanctions Relief
Latest Judaism Stories
17th_of_Tammuz_(medium)_(english)

17th of Tammuz: Beginning 3 weeks of mourning for the destruction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.

Rabbi Avi Weiss

With Ruth, The Torah seems to be stating that children shouldn’t be punished for the sins of parents

Neihaus-070315

Without a foundation, one cannot hope to build a structure.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Why do we have a parsha in Sefer Shemos named after Yisro who was not only a former idolater, but actually served as a priest for Avodah Zarah!

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

The Shulchan Aruch in the very first siman states that one should rise in the morning like a lion, implying that simply rising form bed requires strength of a lion, in line with the Midrash.

Attempts to interpret the message of Hashem in the absence of divine prophecy ultimately may twist that message in unintended ways that can lead to calamitous events.

Suddenly, the pilot’s voice could be heard. He explained that this was a special day for those passengers on board who lived in Israel.

If the sick person is thrust into a situation where he is compelled to face his sickness head on, we who are not yet sick can encourage him by facing it with him.

All agree that Jews ARE different. How? Why? The Bible’s answer is surprising and profound.

What’s the nation of Israel’s purpose in the world? How we can bring God’s blessings into the world?

“Is there a difference between rescuing and other services?” asked Ploni.

To my dismay, I’ve seen that shidduch candidates with money become ALL desirable traits for marriage

Bil’am’s character is complex and nuanced; neither purely good nor purely evil.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Not As An Asmachta?
“An Asmachta [In Beis Din] Does Acquire”
(Nedarim 27b)

Ulla’s Murderous Companion
‘Yes! Cut Him Even Deeper’
(Nedarim 22a)

An Enduring Text
‘If One Vows By The Torah…’
(Nedarim 14b)

Casting A Doubt
‘Shall We Say [They] Are Not Valid?’
(Nedarim 5a-7a)

The Honor Of Reading The Kesubah
‘Witnesses Sign Only After Reading…’
(Kesubos 109a)

Twice Promised
“Such And Such [I Give My Son]…”
(Kesubos 102b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-79/2013/05/30/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: