web analytics
September 2, 2014 / 7 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat (L) visits the JewishPress.com booth at The Event. And the Winners of the JewishPress.com Raffle Are…

Congratulations to all the winners of the JewishPress.com raffle at The Event



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Shoemaker’s Children
‘If One Can Eat, One Can Sell’
(Pesachim 21a)

Several procedures are followed during the days preceding Pesach in order to clear our property of chametz. In addition to actually destroying our chametz, we nullify it and then sell it to a gentile, generally using the rav or gabbai of the shul as our agent.

When performing bitul, we declare our chametz to be ownerless and worthless, like the dust of the ground. But don’t our actions contradict our words? How can we claim that our chametz is worthless and then immediately afterward ask a rabbi to sell it on our behalf? If we’re selling our chametz for money in a formal contract, we obviously do not deem it ownerless or worthless.

Why Both Procedures?

In order to resolve this dilemma, we must first address a fundamental question. Why must we both nullify and sell our chametz? What is gained by doing both? According to halacha, nullifying our chametz and then leaving it at home, without destroying or selling it, is sufficient.

The Sages, however, do not rely on bitul alone for several reasons. First, a person might come across chametz in his house during Pesach and accidentally eat it. Second, since bitul depends upon the earnest resolution of one’s heart, the Sages feared that a person may nullify his chametz with less than complete sincerity and thus unintentionally violate the Torah prohibition of keeping chametz in one’s possession over Pesach (Mishnah Berurah 431:2). They thus required getting rid of one’s chametz in addition to nullifying it.

Selling one’s chametz seems to have begun in Europe where many Jews worked in the liquor business (since they couldn’t own land). Destroying their entire stock of liquor each year before Pesach would’ve been extremely detrimental to business. They therefore sold it to a gentile before Pesach and bought it back afterward (see Shaarei Teshuvah 448:3). After selling their chametz, Jews would nullify their chametz on the 14th of Nissan on the few crumbs that may have been overlooked during the bedikah.

In contemporary times, we follow the opposite order. We nullify our chametz on the night of the 14th, and then again in the morning, and only afterwards does the rabbi sell our chametz. We therefore return to our original question: How can we claim to make our chametz “worthless and ownerless” and then proceed to sell it?

This question was addressed by many of the most prominent poskim of recent generations. The sefer Mikra’ei Kodesh (p. 207) answers this question by explaining that when we appoint a rabbi to sell our chametz, we haven’t nullified it yet. At that point, our chametz is still “valuable and owned.” Therefore, it is appropriate to discuss terms of sale. And after we do nullify our chametz, it is the rabbi who tends to the sale; we’re removed from the picture. We do not show any personal interest in the “worthless and ownerless” chametz that the rabbi sells.

The Rabbi’s Chametz

This solution works very nicely for our chametz. What about the rabbi’s chametz, though? How can he sell his own chametz after nullifying it? He seems to fall into the category of the proverbial “shoemaker’s children who go barefoot.” To avoid this problem, some rabbis have the custom to nullify their chametz on the morning of the 14th, after they have sold the chametz (see Minchas Yitzchak VIII 41).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Along the Israel-Syrian border.
Jihadist Threat Rising on Israel’s Northern Border
Latest Judaism Stories
shofar+kotel

If you had an important court date scheduled – one that would determine your financial future, or even your very life – you’d be sure to prepare for weeks beforehand. On Rosh Hashanah, each individual is judged on the merit of his deeds. Whether he will live out the year or not. Whether he will […]

The_United_Nations_Building

It is in the nature of the Nations of the World to be hostile towards the Jewish People.

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

Of paramount importance is that both the king and his people realize that while he is the leader, he is still a subject of God.

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Question: The Gemara in Berachot states that the sages authored our prayers. Does that mean we didn’t pray beforehand?

Menachem
Via Email

When a person feels he can control the destiny of other people, he runs the risk of feeling self-important, significant, and mighty.

Needless to say, it was done and they formed a great relationship as his friend and mentor. He started attending services and volunteered his time all along putting on tefillin.

He took me to a room filled with computer equipment and said, “You pray here for as long as you want.” I couldn’t believe my ears.

On Friday afternoon, Dov called Kalman. “Please make sure to return the keys for the car on Motzaei Shabbos,” he said. “We have a bris on Sunday morning and we’re all going. We also need the roof luggage bag.”

On Chol HaMoed some work is prohibited and some is permitted. According to some opinions, the work prohibition is biblical; according to others, it’s rabbinical.

If there is a mitzvas minuy dayanim in the Diaspora, then why is there a difference between Israel and the Diaspora in the number of judges and their distribution?

Judaism is a religion of love but also a religion of justice, for without justice, love corrupts.

The time immediately preceding Mashiach’s arrival is likened to the birth pangs of a woman in labor.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Discretion
‘Vendors Of Fruits And Clothing…May Sell In Private’
(Mo’ed Katan 13b)

An Outcast
‘He Shall Dwell Outside His Tent’
(Moed Katan 7b)

Pondering A Kapandria
“It Should Not Be Used As A Shortcut”
(Megillah 29a)

The Gender Factor
‘Where There Is Loss Of Work…
Three Are Called To The Torah’
(Megillah 22b)

Hallel On Purim?
“Its Reading Is Its Praise”
(Megillah 14a)

Ancient Cities, Ancient Walls
(Megillah 3b-4a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-85/2013/07/10/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: