web analytics
October 30, 2014 / 6 Heshvan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Chametz On Shabbos Erev Pesach
(Pesachim 32a)

Our daf discusses what a person must give a kohen if he accidentally ate terumah. Must he give him the value of the terumah or its volume? Chametz terumah is an example where the value of terumah is different than its volume. Chametz items make for interesting halachic cases in other circumstances as well.

Making an Eruv with Chametz or Matzah

An eruv chatzeros requires taking an edible piece of bread and granting partial ownership of it to all the residents of one’s courtyard. In light of these requirements, what should one do if erev Pesach falls on Shabbos? You can’t use chametz when setting up the eruv on Friday since chametz will be prohibited after the fourth hour on Shabbos. Yet you also can’t use matzah since matzah will be forbidden from daybreak on Shabbos.

In Place at the Outset of Shabbos

The poskim answer this question based on the Gemara (Eruvin 35a) which discusses an eruv techumin that was prepared in an appropriate location but was then blown away to an inappropriate location by the wind (or was burned or otherwise destroyed). If the eruv was in the correct place during bein hashmashos, the Gemara states that it is valid. However, if the eruv was blown away or destroyed before bein hashmashos, it is invalid.

Applying this Gemara to our case (poskim explain that the same principles apply to an eruv chatzeros), it would seem that one can use bread for an eruv chatzeros for Shabbos Erev Pesach. It’s true that the bread won’t be halachically edible after the day’s fourth hour, but as long as it is edible when Shabbos starts – which it is – one has satisfied the halachic requirement. Indeed, the Meiri (78b), the Pri Megadim (Orach Chayim 372, Mishbetzos Zahav s.k. 1) and Shulchan Aruch HaRav (394:3) all state that an eruv need only be in place during bein hashmashos. Accordingly, Rabbi Shmuel Engel rules that both chametz and matzah are kosher for an eruv for Shabbos Erev Pesach (Teshuvos Maharash Engel 6:27).

Other poskim contest this argument. They maintain that an eruv must be set up in such a way that it could, in theory, remain in place and be valid the entire Shabbos. That’s why an unexpectedly blown-away eruv is okay. An eruv made of chametz or matzah, however, which clearly will be inedible midway through Shabbos is not okay (Tzofnas Pane’ach, Hilchos Eruvin 6:12).

Children and Matzah on Erev Pesach

The Tchebiner Rav (Dovev Meisharim 1:139, s.k. 2) writes that although using chametz for an eruv chatzeros is debatable, all opinions should agree that matzah may be used since matzah on erev Pesach is only forbidden for adults and children old enough to understand the story of Yetzias Mitzrayim. Children below this age may eat matzah. Therefore, the matzah will be edible the entire Shabbos to at least some people.

Eating the Loaf of the Eruv

Whereas people nowadays customarily rely on the same bread for many Shabbossim in a row when making an eruv chatzeros, the Maharil would make a new eruv chatzeros every week and use the bread from the previous week’s eruv chatzeros for lechem mishneh on Friday night and Shabbos day.

The Maharam would eat the eruv loaf on Friday night (Hagahos Maimoniyos 8:4; Hagahos Asheri 3:7; Mordechai, Eruvin 490, citing Maharam; Piskei Eruvin 69). Rashi (Berachos 39b), however, seems to imply that it is better to eat the eruv loaf on Shabbos morning (Zevach Tzedek, Chadashos 160).

The poskim explain that it is preferable to eat it in the morning since people often start Shabbos early and may mistakenly eat it before bein hashemashos (if they were to eat it at night), thus invalidating the eruv (Shulchan Aruch HaRav, Orach Chayim 393:3; Mishnah Berurah 394:4). Based on Kabbalah, the Arizal would eat the bread of the shituf mevo’os on Friday night, and the bread of the eruv chatzeros on Shabbos morning (Kaf Hachayyim 366:124).

In regard to eruv tavshilin, which allows us to cook on Yom Tov for Shabbos, Shulchan Aruch HaRav (527:25) states that some have the custom to wait until the se’uda shelishis to eat it (see also Eruvei Chatzeros [18] by Rabbi Menachem Moskowitz).

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

One Response to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Abbas and the Temple Mount: "It's mine, all mine. No Jews allowed.
Abbas Declares Closure of Al Aqsa Mosque a ‘Declaration of War’
Latest Judaism Stories
Rebbetzin Esther Jungreis

Why does Hebrew refer to mothers-in-law as “sunshine” when society often calls them the opposite?

Rabbi Avi Weiss, head of theYeshivat Chovevei Torah. Rabbi Asher Lopatin will be replacing him as head of the school.

Having herself been victimized by Pharoah, Sarah should have been more sensitive to Hagar.

The-Shmuz

Avram’s father was not impressed with the cleverness of his son. In fact, he was so unimpressed that he took him to Nimrod the king, who pronounced him an enemy of the state and attempted to execute him.

Lech Lecha Thumbnail

How do the stories in Lech Lecha help us understand the central tension of Abraham’s life, legacy?

Abraham did not govern society but instead was the representative of God’s kingdom on earth.

Hagar grossly miscalculated her own merits and demonstrated a serious lack of gratitude for Sarai.

Noach was the lonely man of faith living in a depraved world, full of wickedness.

Avraham became a great man during the 175 years of his life, while his predecessors became increasingly wicked, despite staggering knowledge, during their lifetimes of hundreds of years.

Shem realized that he owed his existence to his father who brought him into the world.

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

The flood was not sent to destroy, but to restore the positive potential of the world.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Why is there is no mention of dinosaurs, and other prehistoric animals, in the Torah?

Strict din demands perfection. There is no room for shortcomings and no place for excuses; you are responsible.

Surprisingly, my husband and one son arrived home over half-an-hour earlier than usual. I excitedly shared my perfect-timing story, but my better half one upped me easily.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

For Appearance’s Sake
‘Shammai Did Not Follow Their Own Ruling’
(Yevamos 13b 14a)

Being Overly Burdensome
My Sabbaths Shall You Observe’
(Yevamos 6a)

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

A Role Reversal
‘Return, O Wayward Sons…’
(Chagigah 15a)

An Astonishing Miracle
‘Why Bring the Infants to Hakhel?’
(Chagigah 3a)

A Blast At A Funeral?
“R. Hamnuna Came To Daramutha…”
(Moed Kattan 27b)

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-86/2013/07/17/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: