web analytics
April 17, 2014 / 17 Nisan, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Spa 1.2 Combining Modern Living in Traditional Jerusalem

A unique and prestigious residential project in now being built in Mekor Haim Street in Jerusalem.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Share Button

Chametz On Shabbos Erev Pesach
(Pesachim 32a)

Our daf discusses what a person must give a kohen if he accidentally ate terumah. Must he give him the value of the terumah or its volume? Chametz terumah is an example where the value of terumah is different than its volume. Chametz items make for interesting halachic cases in other circumstances as well.

Making an Eruv with Chametz or Matzah

An eruv chatzeros requires taking an edible piece of bread and granting partial ownership of it to all the residents of one’s courtyard. In light of these requirements, what should one do if erev Pesach falls on Shabbos? You can’t use chametz when setting up the eruv on Friday since chametz will be prohibited after the fourth hour on Shabbos. Yet you also can’t use matzah since matzah will be forbidden from daybreak on Shabbos.

In Place at the Outset of Shabbos

The poskim answer this question based on the Gemara (Eruvin 35a) which discusses an eruv techumin that was prepared in an appropriate location but was then blown away to an inappropriate location by the wind (or was burned or otherwise destroyed). If the eruv was in the correct place during bein hashmashos, the Gemara states that it is valid. However, if the eruv was blown away or destroyed before bein hashmashos, it is invalid.

Applying this Gemara to our case (poskim explain that the same principles apply to an eruv chatzeros), it would seem that one can use bread for an eruv chatzeros for Shabbos Erev Pesach. It’s true that the bread won’t be halachically edible after the day’s fourth hour, but as long as it is edible when Shabbos starts – which it is – one has satisfied the halachic requirement. Indeed, the Meiri (78b), the Pri Megadim (Orach Chayim 372, Mishbetzos Zahav s.k. 1) and Shulchan Aruch HaRav (394:3) all state that an eruv need only be in place during bein hashmashos. Accordingly, Rabbi Shmuel Engel rules that both chametz and matzah are kosher for an eruv for Shabbos Erev Pesach (Teshuvos Maharash Engel 6:27).

Other poskim contest this argument. They maintain that an eruv must be set up in such a way that it could, in theory, remain in place and be valid the entire Shabbos. That’s why an unexpectedly blown-away eruv is okay. An eruv made of chametz or matzah, however, which clearly will be inedible midway through Shabbos is not okay (Tzofnas Pane’ach, Hilchos Eruvin 6:12).

Children and Matzah on Erev Pesach

The Tchebiner Rav (Dovev Meisharim 1:139, s.k. 2) writes that although using chametz for an eruv chatzeros is debatable, all opinions should agree that matzah may be used since matzah on erev Pesach is only forbidden for adults and children old enough to understand the story of Yetzias Mitzrayim. Children below this age may eat matzah. Therefore, the matzah will be edible the entire Shabbos to at least some people.

Eating the Loaf of the Eruv

Whereas people nowadays customarily rely on the same bread for many Shabbossim in a row when making an eruv chatzeros, the Maharil would make a new eruv chatzeros every week and use the bread from the previous week’s eruv chatzeros for lechem mishneh on Friday night and Shabbos day.

The Maharam would eat the eruv loaf on Friday night (Hagahos Maimoniyos 8:4; Hagahos Asheri 3:7; Mordechai, Eruvin 490, citing Maharam; Piskei Eruvin 69). Rashi (Berachos 39b), however, seems to imply that it is better to eat the eruv loaf on Shabbos morning (Zevach Tzedek, Chadashos 160).

The poskim explain that it is preferable to eat it in the morning since people often start Shabbos early and may mistakenly eat it before bein hashemashos (if they were to eat it at night), thus invalidating the eruv (Shulchan Aruch HaRav, Orach Chayim 393:3; Mishnah Berurah 394:4). Based on Kabbalah, the Arizal would eat the bread of the shituf mevo’os on Friday night, and the bread of the eruv chatzeros on Shabbos morning (Kaf Hachayyim 366:124).

In regard to eruv tavshilin, which allows us to cook on Yom Tov for Shabbos, Shulchan Aruch HaRav (527:25) states that some have the custom to wait until the se’uda shelishis to eat it (see also Eruvei Chatzeros [18] by Rabbi Menachem Moskowitz).

Share Button

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

Leave a comment (Select your commenting platform)

One Response to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Loading Facebook Comments ...
Loading Disqus Comments ...
Current Top Story
Arab rioters hurl objects at Israeli security personnel who use pepper spray to quell the violence emanating from the Al Aqsa mosque on the Temple Mount.
Arab Violence Closes Temple Mount to Visitors Again
Latest Judaism Stories

The following is President Obama’s statement on Passover (April 14, 2014). As he has in the past, the President held an official Passover Seder at the White House. Michelle and I send our warmest greetings to all those celebrating Passover in the United States, in Israel, and around the world. On Tuesday, just as we […]

Rebbetzin Esther Jungreis

The tendency to rely on human beings rather than G-d has been our curse throughout the centuries.

Haggadah used at the Passover Seder

“Who is wise? One who learns from each person” (Pirkei Avot 4:1)

Rabbi Sacks

In Judaism, to be without questions is a sign not of faith, but of lack of depth.

“I’ll try to help as we can,” said Mr. Goodman, “but we already made a special appeal this year. Let me see what other funds we have. I’ll be in touch with you in a day or two.”

Rashi is bothered by the expression Hashem used: “the Jews need only travel.”

Reckoning Time
‘Three Festivals, Even Out Of Order’
(Beizah 19b)

Two husbands were there to instruct us in Texas hold ‘em – and we needed them.

Question: Why do we start counting sefirat ha’omer in chutz la’aretz on the second night of Pesach when the omer in the times of the Beit Hamikdash was cut on Chol HaMoed?

M. Goldman
(Via E-Mail)

A few background principles regarding the prohibitions of chametz mixtures on Pesach may provide some shopping guidance.

According to the Rambam, the k’nas applies to any chametz on Pesach with which one could, in theory, transgress the aveirah – even if no transgression actually occurred.

She was followed by the shadows of the Six Million, by the ever so subtle awareness of their vanished presence.

Marror is the reliving of the bitter enslavement and matzah is the under-eighteen-minutes redemption.

Rabbi David Bar-Hayim argues it is time for Ashkenazim to abandon the prohibition against Kitnyot. What do you think?

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Reckoning Time
‘Three Festivals, Even Out Of Order’
(Beizah 19b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Belaboring The Point
‘Since It Is Permitted When Necessary,
It Is Permitted Even When Not Necessary’
(Beitzah 12a)

A Consequence Of Our Exile
‘Guard The Custom Of Your Forefathers’
(Beizah 4b)

What A Difference A Day Makes
‘Rav Rules: First Sukkah, Then Zeman’
(Sukkah 56a)

Full Or Abridged?
‘One Is Obligated To Recite Hallel’
(Sukkah 48a)

Lulav, Sukkah, Shofar
‘Beautification is Not an Obstruction’
(Sukkah 37a)

A Grafted Esrog
‘Passul When Missing Even a Tiny Bit’
(Sukkah 34b)

The Flighty Customer
‘Scribes…Are Exempt’
(Sukkah 26a)

    Latest Poll

    Now that Kerry's "Peace Talks" are apparently over, are you...?







    View Results

    Loading ... Loading ...

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-86/2013/07/17/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: