web analytics
August 30, 2014 / 4 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat (L) visits the JewishPress.com booth at The Event. And the Winners of the JewishPress.com Raffle Are…

Congratulations to all the winners of the JewishPress.com raffle at The Event



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Are We There Yet?
‘I Don’t Work On Yom Tov [Sheni]’
(Pesachim 52a)

As we know, residents of chutz la’aretz observe two days of yom tov on Pesach, Shavuos, and Sukkos, while residents of Eretz Yisrael observe only one day of each yom tov. When a resident of chutz la’aretz moves to Eretz Yisrael with intent to remain there, he accepts upon himself the custom of his new community and should therefore begin keeping only one day of yom tov. The same principle is true of a resident of Eretz Yisrael who moves to chutz la’aretz with intent to remain there; he should begin keeping two days of yom tov.

According to the Mishnah Berurah (496:13), if a person travels intending only to visit, he should act in accordance with the customs of the place he left. Thus, an American visiting Eretz Yisrael should keep two days of yom tov, and an Israeli visiting America should only keep one day of yom tov. However, he should not publicly work on the second day since this would create controversy. He also should wear yom tov clothes in public as a sign of respect to the community where he currently finds himself. This is the prevalent custom among most Ashkenazim. (Some have other customs; see Shulchan Aruch HaRav 496:11.)

In our sugya, we learn that when a person travels to a different community, he need only keep its customs while he is within the borders of the community’s city. In an uninhabited region outside the city, he may continue acting in accordance with the customs of his place of origin.

The Stopover

An interesting question once arose when an Israeli decided to move to America and embarked on his voyage by boat. The boat reached the port of Marseilles just before Shavuos, and he saw that he would be forced to disembark and spend yom tov in France. Rabbi Betzalel Stern (1911-1989), author of Teshuvos Betzeil HaChochma (1:56), was asked whether he should keep one day of yom tov or two.

He already reached chutz la’aretz, which would argue for him keeping two days. On the other hand, he didn’t reach his destination in chutz la’aretz. He never planned to move to France and become part of the French community. Perhaps, therefore, he could still consider himself an Israeli on the way to his new home in America and keep one day of yom tov.

Rabbi Stern began his answer by comparing two Gemaros presently being learned as part of daf yomi which appear to contradict one another. On 51a, Rabba bar Bar Chana rules that a ben Eretz Yisrael who travels to Bavel may continue eating a certain food that was customarily permitted by communities in Eretz Yisrael but forbidden in Bavel. The Gemara explains that since he is only visiting Bavel, he need not accept its customs (in private – although he must do so in public so as not to cause controversy).

On the other hand, on the same daf, Rav Safra, a resident of Eretz Yisrael, asks Abaye if he may observe only one day of yom tov in Bavel. Abaye answers that as long as he is within the city boundaries, he must keep two days as is the custom in chutz la’aretz. However, in the desert surrounding the cities of Bavel, he may observe only one day.

Tosafos (s.v. “B’yishuv”) asks why Rabba bar Bar Chana was permitted to keep the leniencies of Eretz Yisrael in private when visiting Bavel but Rav Safra was not.

Stringencies of Both

The Chasam Sofer answers that Rabba bar Bar Chana intended to return to Eretz Yisrael, while Rav Safra intended to remain in chutz la’aretz – although not in the place he was visiting at the time. He intended to continue on his travels. Since he left Eretz Yisrael without intending to return, he lost his status as a ben Eretz Yisrael. On the other hand, since he had not yet settled in Bavel, he could not be considered a ben chutz la’aretz either. Therefore, he was forced to keep the stringencies of both Eretz Yisrael and whatever city he happened to be visiting. Only when he reached his final destination and settled there would he be freed of the stringencies of Eretz Yisrael (and subject solely to the customs of his new community).

This explanation (which the Chasam Sofer says should be followed l’halacha) seems to fit exactly the question posed above. The Jew who stopped in Marseilles for Shavuos should therefore keep both the stringencies of Eretz Yisrael and those of Marseilles. It would seem that he should refrain from performing melacha even in private on the second day of Shavuos, like the Jews in France, and also put on tefillin, like the Jews in Eretz Yisrael.

However, Rabbi Stern concludes that many Acharonim dispute the Chasam Sofer’s ruling. Therefore, the Jew in our story should follow only the customs of Marseilles, as if he had already reached his destination.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
ISIS in Quneitra
Updates from Kuneitra, Syria [video]
Latest Judaism Stories
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

Of paramount importance is that both the king and his people realize that while he is the leader, he is still a subject of God.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Questions-Answers-logo

Question: The Gemara in Berachot states that the sages authored our prayers. Does that mean we didn’t pray beforehand?

Menachem
Via Email

When a person feels he can control the destiny of other people, he runs the risk of feeling self-important, significant, and mighty.

Needless to say, it was done and they formed a great relationship as his friend and mentor. He started attending services and volunteered his time all along putting on tefillin.

He took me to a room filled with computer equipment and said, “You pray here for as long as you want.” I couldn’t believe my ears.

On Friday afternoon, Dov called Kalman. “Please make sure to return the keys for the car on Motzaei Shabbos,” he said. “We have a bris on Sunday morning and we’re all going. We also need the roof luggage bag.”

On Chol HaMoed some work is prohibited and some is permitted. According to some opinions, the work prohibition is biblical; according to others, it’s rabbinical.

If there is a mitzvas minuy dayanim in the Diaspora, then why is there a difference between Israel and the Diaspora in the number of judges and their distribution?

Judaism is a religion of love but also a religion of justice, for without justice, love corrupts.

The time immediately preceding Mashiach’s arrival is likened to the birth pangs of a woman in labor.

Eisenhower understood that motivated men will fight much harder and longer than unmotivated men.

Who does not want to get close to Hashem? Yet, how do we do that?

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Discretion
‘Vendors Of Fruits And Clothing…May Sell In Private’
(Mo’ed Katan 13b)

An Outcast
‘He Shall Dwell Outside His Tent’
(Moed Katan 7b)

Pondering A Kapandria
“It Should Not Be Used As A Shortcut”
(Megillah 29a)

The Gender Factor
‘Where There Is Loss Of Work…
Three Are Called To The Torah’
(Megillah 22b)

Hallel On Purim?
“Its Reading Is Its Praise”
(Megillah 14a)

Ancient Cities, Ancient Walls
(Megillah 3b-4a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-89/2013/08/07/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: