web analytics
September 1, 2015 / 17 Elul, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Location! Location!
‘On and Off His Forehead’
(Pesachim 77a)

Among the eight garments worn by the kohen gadol was the tzitz ha’zahav, the golden plate bearing Hashem’s name. The pasuk states, “It will be on the brow of Aharon. And Aharon will bear the sin of the [impure] korbanos that Bnei Yisrael will offer” (Shemos 28:38). Our Sages derive from this verse that the tzitz atones for impure korbanos that are offered in the beis hamikdash (see above, 16b).

The Tannaim debate whether the tzitz atones only for those korbanos offered while the kohen gadol wears it, or even for those offered when he is not wearing it. The Rambam (Bias Mikdash 4:8) rules according to Rabbi Yehuda that the tzitz only atones so long as it is being worn.

All Eight?

Two points remain to be clarified. First, does the kohen gadol need to wear all eight garments in order for the tzitz to be effective, or does it atone even if he wears it without the other garments? Second, need the kohen gadol be inside the beis hamikdash for the tzitz to be effective, or is it effective even outside the beis hamikdash (assuming, for a moment, that he can wear it there)? As we shall see, the answers to both these questions are intertwined.

The Belt Is Made Of Shaatnez

The sefer VeShav HaKohen (beginning of Maseches Erchin) cites from the Talmud Yerushalmi (Chagiga 4:4) that the kohen gadol must wear all eight garments in order for the tzitz to atone. The Dvar Avraham (2:22) develops from this Yerushalmi an important insight into the Rambam’s understanding of the kohen gadol’s garments. The Rambam (Kilayim 10:32) writes: “Kohanim who wear their priestly garments while not serving, even if they are in the beis hamikdash, must be flogged for wearing their belt, which is made of shaatnez. They are only permitted to wear this belt while they serve.”

The Torah tells us that the belt must be made of wool and linen. While the kohanim serve, the mitzvah to wear this belt takes precedence over the prohibition against shaatnez. When they are not serving, there is no mitzvah to wear the belt, and they thus transgress the prohibition of shaatnez by wearing it.

Insider Rights

The Raavad and other Rishonim (see Kesef Mishnah) dispute the Rambam’s ruling and insist that as long as the kohanim are inside the beis hamikdash, they may wear their belts, even when they are not serving. A proof against the Rambam’s position is a Tosefta which says that a kohen gadol can wear his special garments as long as he is in the beis hamikdash (whether serving or not), despite the fact that the ephod and choshen were made of shaatnez. Apparently, then, as long as a kohen (gadol) is in the beis hamikdash, he may wear his shaatnez garment(s), even if he is not serving – contra the Rambam.

The Dvar Avraham, however, explains, based on the Yerushalmi, that even when a kohen gadol doesn’t serve, he still needs to wear his eight garments so that the tzitz can atone for impure korbanos. In other words, the kohen gadol has a reason for wearing shaatnez when not serving which regular kohanim do not have (and thus, the Rambam’s ruling does not contradict that of the Tosefta).

Beyond The Pale

Why, however, does the Tosefta rule that a kohen gadol can only wear his garments in the beis hamikdash? Since we want the tzitz to be effective, he should be allowed to wear them anywhere. We are therefore forced to conclude that the tzitz is ineffective outside the beis hamikdash. If it were effective, the Tosefta presumably would’ve ruled differently.

We have thus answered both our questions. The kohen gadol must wear all eight garments and must be in the beis hamikdash for the tzitz to be effective.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Education Minister Naftali Bennett, welcomes students on their first day, in Raanana.
2.2M Israeli Children Return to the Classrooms
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

The common translation of the opening words of this week’s parsha, Ki Seitzei, is: “When you go out to war against your enemy.” Actually the text reads “al oyvecha” upon your enemy. The Torah is saying that when Israel goes out to war, they will be over and above their enemy. The reason why Bnei […]

Rabbi Avi Weiss

The love between Gd & Israel is deeper than marriage; beyond the infinite love of parent for child

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Since giving the machatzis hashekel will not change his financial situation, he is obligated to do so even though it is more than a fifth of his income.

Today, few people fast during the Days of Selichot, but the custom is to rise early to recite Selichot.

Each month is associated with a particular tribe. The month of Elul is matched up with Gad. What makes Gad unique?

Sanctions and indictment of the Jew, holding him to a higher standard, is as common and misplaced as ever.

To allow for free will, there are times when Hashem will allow a person the “opportunity to be the messenger.”

“There is a mitzvah to pay the worker on that day,” answered Mr. Lerner.

Be happy. Be grateful. God knows what he is doing. It is all happening for a reason.

We get so busy living our lives, handling our day-to-day little crises that we forget to go that one step deeper and appreciate our lives.

The promise for long life only comes from 2 commandments; What’s the connection between them?

Mighty Amalek deliberately attacked enemy’s weakest members, despicable even by ancient standards

If we parents fail to honor responsibilities then society’s children will pay the price for our sins

Consider how our Heavenly Father feels when He sees His children adopting all other parents but Him

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Que Sera, Sera?
‘He Daubed Him With Mud’
(Nedarim 89b-90a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Truth Or Consequences
‘Consecrating The Non-Existent’
(Nedarim 85b)

The Most Favorable Of …Times
‘Annulling Vows For The Sake Of Shabbos’
(Nedarim 77a)

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

‘Older’ By A Month
‘…Until The Beginning Of Adar’
(Nedarim 63a)

The Plucked Apple
‘…Which Cannot Become Permitted’
(Nedarim 58a)

Going Public
‘From A Wealthy Roman Lady’
(Nedarim 50a)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-93/2013/09/04/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: