web analytics
September 24, 2014 / 29 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



May Tisha B’Av Be Annulled?

Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha

Question: Does a contemporary bet din have the authority to annul Tisha B’Av considering that the fast day is rabbinical, not biblical, in origin?

Answer: To answer this question, let us look at another. The Al Hanissim for Chanukah describes Bnei Yisrael’s actions in wake of the Chanukah miracle: “v’achar kach ba’you vanecha… – and afterwards, Your children came…” The Al Hanissim for Purim, however, contains nothing about Bnei Yisrael’s actions in wake of the Purim miracle. Why not?

HaGaon HaRav Hutner, zt”l (in Pachad Yitzchok, V’zot Chanukah, Ma’amar 14), asks this question and answers based on the general rule that no bet din may annul the decision of a previous bet din unless it is greater in wisdom and numbers (“b’chachmah and minyan”). If a navi sat on the earlier bet din, no later bet din can ever overrule it since the first one was clearly greater in chochmah. For this reason, all the decisions of the Anshei Knesset Hagedolah remain in force forever since nevi’im sat on the Anshei Knesset Hagedolah.

Thus, Purim, which was established by a bet din that included prophets, may never be annulled. Chanukah, however, is a different story. The Anshei Knesset Hagedolah no longer existed at that time as the age of prophesy had passed. Accordingly, a subsequent bet din could, in theory – at least at the outset – have annulled Chanukah.

For this reason the Al Hanissim for Chanukah notes that “ba’u vanecha – Your children came.” This phrase indicates that Klal Yisrael accepted Chanukah upon themselves. It became a widely accepted practice, and once this took place, no bet din could annul it. A minhag accepted by Klal Yisrael becomes an obligation.

For the very same reason – returning to our original question – no modern-day bet din may annul Tisha B’Av. Klal Yisrael has accepted Tisha B’Av upon themselves, giving it the force of an obligation.

About the Author: Rabbi Cohen, a Jerusalem Prize recipient, is the author of eight sefarim on Jewish law. His latest, “Jewish Prayer the Right Way” (Urim Publications), is available at Amazon.com and select Judaica stores.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

One Response to “May Tisha B’Av Be Annulled?”

  1. Myriam Obadia says:

    Hopefully it will be annulled by the rebuilding of the Temple.

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
NY rally against Met Opera's 'Death of Klinghoffer' opera. Sept. 22, 2014.
New York City Site of Huge Rally Against Met’s Klinghoffer Opera
Latest Judaism Stories
Lessons-in-Emunah-new

Why am I getting so agitated? And look how we’re treating each other!

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

While women are exempt from actually learning Torah, they are obligated in a different aspect of the mitzvah.

Questions-Answers-logo

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

We must eat, sleep, work, and care for our dependants. How much time is left over after all that?

Once we recognize that our separation from God is our fault, how do we repair it?

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

To choose life, you must examine your actions in the period preceding the Days of Awe as an unbiased stranger, and render your decision.

Rabbi Dayan took a challah and some cooked eggs. He then called over his 15-year-old son, Aharon. “Could you please ask your friend Chaim from next door to come over and help me with the eruv tavshilin?”

This world has its purpose; it has been ideally fashioned to allow man to grow.

A statement issued by the Frenkel, Yifrach and Sha’ar families thanks Israel for ‘justice served.’

Hamas’ tunnels were destroyed as were plans for their unparalleled terror attacks on Rosh Hashana.

Perhaps the most important leadership lesson Elkana taught us is to never underestimate the difference a single person can make.

“he’s my rabbi” the Black painter said with pride, pulling out a photo of the Rebbe from his wallet

The Torah notes that even when we are dispersed God will return us to Him.

Simply, for Rambam the number 14 (2×7) was his favored organizing principle.

More Articles from Rabbi J. Simcha Cohen
Cohen-080814-Sign

Is God apologizing for taking away my Father? Is God telling me that He is sorry?

Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha-NEW

Question: At Birkat Kohanim, who says the phrase, “Am k’doshecha ka’amur”?

Question: How can one determine whether someone is a true disciple of a rav, Rebbe, or rosh yeshiva?

Question: Does halacha agree with the Supreme Court decision of Roe v. Wade permitting women to have abortions?

Question: When someone puts on a talit to lead services, should he recite a berachah?

Question: A number of synagogues feature bar mitzvah celebrations for elderly Jews. Is this proper?

Hashem understood their complaint and therefore selected the ritual mitzvah of sukkah to test them.

Question: Why is Shavuot celebrated as a two-day Yom Tov?

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/may-tisha-bav-be-annulled/2013/07/10/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: