web analytics
July 4, 2015 / 17 Tammuz, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


More Than Enough

Business-Halacha-logo

Mr. Goodman was the gabbai tzedakah of his shul. A month before Pesach, he was approached by one of the congregants, Mr. Solomon, who poured out his heart. He had suffered a serious financial setback, and had no remaining money to purchase food and supplies for Pesach, in addition to various loans that he had to repay.

“How much money do you need?” Mr. Goodman asked him.

“I need to raise $10,000 to cover the Pesach expenses and loans,” replied Mr. Solomon.

“Please God, we will help you,” Mr. Goodman said. “I will send out a special notice of kimcha d’pischa [Pesach collection] to the shul membership.”

“I ask that you not mention my name,” said Mr. Solomon. “I would not like my circumstances publicized.”

“Of course,” said Mr. Goodman. “The notice will simply state that we are collecting kimcha d’pischa for one of our community members who is in financial need.”

“I very much appreciate your help,” Mr. Solomon thanked him.

The community responded very generously to the special appeal. During two weeks’ time, Mr. Goodman was able to raise $15,000 of kimcha d’pischa for Mr. Solomon.

Meanwhile, before the money was handed over, another person from the community approached Rabbi Goodman for support.

“I’ll try to help as we can,” said Mr. Goodman, “but we already made a special appeal this year. Let me see what other funds we have. I’ll be in touch with you in a day or two.”

After the person left, Mr. Goodman began wondering. “Mr. Solomon only asked for $10,000,” he thought to himself. “I wonder if I can give the excess $5,000 to this other person? On the other hand, maybe I had no right to accept more than $10,000 in the first place.”

Mr. Goodman called Rabbi Dayan and explained the situation. “What should I do with the excess $5,000?” he asked. “Should I give it to Mr. Solomon, use it for the other needy person, or return it to the donors?”

“This issue depends on a number of factors,” replied Rabbi Dayan. “The Mishnah (Shekalim 2:5) teaches that excess collection for needy people goes to the needy people. Similarly, Shaarei Teshuvah [O.C. 429:3] writes that excess kimcha d’pischa money shouldn’t be used for other purposes, but rather given to the needy for other Pesach expenses. Excess collection for a specific, needy individual goes to him. This Mishnah is cited in Shulchan Aruch [Y.D. 253:6]. ”

“It’s simple, then,” said Mr. Goodman. “The extra money goes to Mr. Solomon.”

“It might seem simple, but it actually isn’t,” said Rabbi Dayan. “According to many authorities, this halacha depends on whether the donors were aware of the identity of the recipient and whether the collector was a regular gabbai tzedakah.”

“Why is that?” asked Mr. Goodman.

“When money is donated for a certain individual, the collector accepts it on his behalf,” explained Rabbi Dayan. “However, by rights, he should not acquire the excess amount. Nonetheless, the Talmud Yerushalmi states that Chazal granted him it on account of the embarrassment he suffers through having his name publicized. Thus, when the collection was done anonymously, Mr. Solomon does not necessarily acquire the excess; the money can be used for a similar purpose and given to another needy family. (Mishpetai haTorah, Tzedakah #22)

“What difference does it make whether I am a regular gabbai tzedakah or not?” asked Mr. Goodman.

“When a regular person collects, the donor’s intent is for the current case,” explained Rabbi Dayan. “However, when a regular gabbai tzedakah collects, the donor’s intent is that any excess money should be distributed at his discretion. Moreover, some authorities maintain that a regular gabbai tzedakah can divert the excess amount when needed, even if the collection was for a specified, named individual, since the money is donated at his discretion.” (Shach Y.D. 256:7; Aruch Hashulchan Y.D. 253:13; Shevet Halevi 8:212; 9:204)

“Is there a case in which the excess money should be returned to the donors?” asked Mr. Goodman.

“When the money was not needed at all,” replied Rabbi Dayan, “such as money collected for a wedding that was cancelled. Ideally, the money should be returned to the donors; if difficult to do, it should be used for a similar purpose of hachnassas kallah.” (See Y.D. 253:7; Tzedakah Umishpat 9:4-6)

About the Author: Rabbi Meir Orlian is a faculty member of the Business Halacha Institute, headed by HaRav Chaim Kohn, a noted dayan. To receive BHI’s free newsletter, Business Weekly, send an e-mail to subscribe@businesshalacha.com. For questions regarding business halacha issues, or to bring a BHI lecturer to your business or shul, call the confidential hotline at 877-845-8455 or e-mail ask@businesshalacha.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “More Than Enough”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
UN Human Rights Council
UN HRC Condemns Israel (But Not Hamas) for War Crimes
Latest Judaism Stories
Rabbi Avi Weiss

With Ruth, The Torah seems to be stating that children shouldn’t be punished for the sins of parents

Neihaus-070315

Without a foundation, one cannot hope to build a structure.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Why do we have a parsha in Sefer Shemos named after Yisro who was not only a former idolater, but actually served as a priest for Avodah Zarah!

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

This Land Is ‘My’ Land
‘[If The Vow Was Imposed] In The Seventh Year…’
(Nedarim 42b)

The Shulchan Aruch in the very first siman states that one should rise in the morning like a lion, implying that simply rising form bed requires strength of a lion, in line with the Midrash.

Attempts to interpret the message of Hashem in the absence of divine prophecy ultimately may twist that message in unintended ways that can lead to calamitous events.

Suddenly, the pilot’s voice could be heard. He explained that this was a special day for those passengers on board who lived in Israel.

If the sick person is thrust into a situation where he is compelled to face his sickness head on, we who are not yet sick can encourage him by facing it with him.

All agree that Jews ARE different. How? Why? The Bible’s answer is surprising and profound.

What’s the nation of Israel’s purpose in the world? How we can bring God’s blessings into the world?

“Is there a difference between rescuing and other services?” asked Ploni.

To my dismay, I’ve seen that shidduch candidates with money become ALL desirable traits for marriage

Bil’am’s character is complex and nuanced; neither purely good nor purely evil.

Amalek, our ultimate foe, understood that when unified, we are invincible and indestructible.

More Articles from Rabbi Meir Orlian
Business-Halacha-NEW

“Is there a difference between rescuing and other services?” asked Ploni.

Business-Halacha-NEW

“What difference does that make?” replied Shraga. “What counts is the agreement that we made. I said two hundred fifty and you accepted.”

“Is the invoice signed by the students?” asked the principal. “They said they didn’t get the pizza.”

“The answer depends on the terms of the purchase agreement and local customs,” replied Rabbi Dayan.

“I wasn’t really thinking,” replied Levi. “Things in the backyard usually don’t need watching. I also didn’t expect you to be away so long. One thing is clear, though: I never accepted responsibility for the cake.”

“What do you mean?” asked the secretary. “We already issued a ruling and closed the case.”

“A person who borrowed without a written loan document, even in the presence of witnesses, is believed with a heses – rabbinic – oath to say that he repaid,”

During the course of the year, though, political events in the Persian Gulf caused the cost of gasoline to rise. Prices climbed from $2.50 a gallon to $4.00.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/more-than-enough/2014/04/14/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: