web analytics
September 16, 2014 / 21 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Apartment 758x530 Africa-Israel at the Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York

Africa Israel Residences, part of the Africa Israel Investments Group led by international businessman Lev Leviev, will present 7 leading projects on the The Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York on Sep 14-15, 2014.



Open Parking Lots On Shabbat (Part I)

Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha

Question: Is it proper for Orthodox synagogues to have their parking lots open on Shabbat?

Answer: There are a number of serious halachic objections to shul parking lots being open on Shabbat.  First, it must be recognized that there is a major distinction between one who violates Shabbat privately and one who violates Shabbat publicly. A person who violates it publicly – who is “mechallel Shabbat b’farhesia” – is halachically categorized as a gentile (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 72:2).

What defines a public violation of Shabbat?

Harav Yaakov Ettlinger, author of the famed Aruch LaNer commentaries on the Talmud, contends that a public violation must take place in the presence of 10 Jews (Responsa Binyon Tzion 64)

His argument is based on the Talmud (Sanhedrin 74), which derives the definition of the word “farhesia – public” from the verse that requires a minyan for matters of kedushah (i.e. Kaddish, Barchu, etc.). Just as kedushah activities require at least 10 Jews so too must a public violation of Shabbat.

It is true that Esther’s sin (when she went to Achashveirosh) is regarded as public – even though 10 Jews weren’t present – but her sin is an exception to the rule, explains Rav Etlinger. Since sexual sins are almost never witnessed by 10 people, general knowledge of a sexual sin is sufficient to deem it public. All other public sins, however, require 10 witnesses.

The Minchat Elazar (the Munkatcher Rav) actually requires 10 shomrei Shabbat to view the violation for it to be considered public. HaRav Shlomo Zalman Aurbach, the late world-renowned posek, rules that any Jew who refrains from violating Shabbat in the presence of a rav (or ish chashuv) cannot be classified as someone who is mechallel Shabbat b’farhesia (Madanei Shlomo, volume I, Moadim, pp. 26, 27).

Keeping a shul parking lot open on Shabbat opens the door for Jews to be classified public Shabbat violators since 10 Jews (and even possibly the rav) may very well see people entering their cars and driving away at the end of davening.

(To be continued)

About the Author:


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Open Parking Lots On Shabbat (Part I)”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
The Iron Dome was called on for the first time in 2013 to intercept a missile fired by terrorists in Sinai at Eilat.
Iron Dome: Israel Ends the Long Battlefield Reign of the Missile
Latest Judaism Stories
15th century Book of the Torah

This week’s parsha offers a new covenant; a covenant that speaks to national life unlike any other

Leff-091214

All Jews are inherently righteous and that is why we all have a portion in the World to Come.

Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

If mourning is incompatible with Yom Tov, why is it not incompatible with Shabbat?

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Since it is a Rabbinic prohibition we may follow the more lenient opinion.

How can the Torah expect me today, thousands of years after the mitzvahs were given, to view each mitzvah as if I’m fulfilling it for the first time?

Torah isn’t a theological treatise or a metaphysical system but a series of stories linked over time

In contrast to her Eicha-like lamentations of the previous hour or more, however, my youngest was now grinning from ear-to-ear.

An Astonishing Miracle
‘Why Bring the Infants to Hakhel?’
(Chagigah 3a)

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

e are in a time of serious crisis and must go beyond our present levels of chesed.

According to Ibn Ezra, the Torah was stressing through this covenant that hypocrisy was forbidden.

“Tony said that the code in most places in the U.S. is at least 36 inches for a residential guardrail,” replied Mr. Braun. “Some make it higher, 42, or even 52 inches for high porches. What is the required height according to halacha?”

Simcha is total; sahs is God’s joy in protecting us even when we are most vulnerable.

Not only do we accept You as our King, it is our greatest desire that the name of Your Kingdom be spread throughout the entire universe.

More Articles from Jewish Press Staff
Golani Rifle and Pistol Club safety training class.

A dozen rabbis and a Jewish gun club are extremely critical of the position on gun control taken by the RCA and the OU.

Toy doll filled with ammunition was discovered in package destined for Uzbekistan.

Never, never, never take packages from someone without knowing what is inside.

Vandals attacked two synagogues and a supermarket this week. One person has been arrested.

Africa Israel Residences, part of the Africa Israel Investments Group led by international businessman Lev Leviev, will present 7 leading projects on the The Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York on Sep 14-15, 2014.

A Michigan high school stopped a military dad from entering the building because his uniform “might offend” some students.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/open-parking-lots-on-shabbat-part-i/2013/09/12/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: