web analytics
August 31, 2014 / 5 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat (L) visits the JewishPress.com booth at The Event. And the Winners of the JewishPress.com Raffle Are…

Congratulations to all the winners of the JewishPress.com raffle at The Event



Open Parking Lots On Shabbat (Part I)

Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha

Question: Is it proper for Orthodox synagogues to have their parking lots open on Shabbat?

Answer: There are a number of serious halachic objections to shul parking lots being open on Shabbat.  First, it must be recognized that there is a major distinction between one who violates Shabbat privately and one who violates Shabbat publicly. A person who violates it publicly – who is “mechallel Shabbat b’farhesia” – is halachically categorized as a gentile (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 72:2).

What defines a public violation of Shabbat?

Harav Yaakov Ettlinger, author of the famed Aruch LaNer commentaries on the Talmud, contends that a public violation must take place in the presence of 10 Jews (Responsa Binyon Tzion 64)

His argument is based on the Talmud (Sanhedrin 74), which derives the definition of the word “farhesia – public” from the verse that requires a minyan for matters of kedushah (i.e. Kaddish, Barchu, etc.). Just as kedushah activities require at least 10 Jews so too must a public violation of Shabbat.

It is true that Esther’s sin (when she went to Achashveirosh) is regarded as public – even though 10 Jews weren’t present – but her sin is an exception to the rule, explains Rav Etlinger. Since sexual sins are almost never witnessed by 10 people, general knowledge of a sexual sin is sufficient to deem it public. All other public sins, however, require 10 witnesses.

The Minchat Elazar (the Munkatcher Rav) actually requires 10 shomrei Shabbat to view the violation for it to be considered public. HaRav Shlomo Zalman Aurbach, the late world-renowned posek, rules that any Jew who refrains from violating Shabbat in the presence of a rav (or ish chashuv) cannot be classified as someone who is mechallel Shabbat b’farhesia (Madanei Shlomo, volume I, Moadim, pp. 26, 27).

Keeping a shul parking lot open on Shabbat opens the door for Jews to be classified public Shabbat violators since 10 Jews (and even possibly the rav) may very well see people entering their cars and driving away at the end of davening.

(To be continued)

About the Author:


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Open Parking Lots On Shabbat (Part I)”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
MK Hanin Zoabi, under the protection of the Israeli flag, speaks against Israel.
Zoabi Sings Palestinian Authority Anthem at Hamas ‘Victory’ Rally
Latest Judaism Stories
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

Of paramount importance is that both the king and his people realize that while he is the leader, he is still a subject of God.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Questions-Answers-logo

Question: The Gemara in Berachot states that the sages authored our prayers. Does that mean we didn’t pray beforehand?

Menachem
Via Email

When a person feels he can control the destiny of other people, he runs the risk of feeling self-important, significant, and mighty.

Needless to say, it was done and they formed a great relationship as his friend and mentor. He started attending services and volunteered his time all along putting on tefillin.

He took me to a room filled with computer equipment and said, “You pray here for as long as you want.” I couldn’t believe my ears.

On Friday afternoon, Dov called Kalman. “Please make sure to return the keys for the car on Motzaei Shabbos,” he said. “We have a bris on Sunday morning and we’re all going. We also need the roof luggage bag.”

On Chol HaMoed some work is prohibited and some is permitted. According to some opinions, the work prohibition is biblical; according to others, it’s rabbinical.

If there is a mitzvas minuy dayanim in the Diaspora, then why is there a difference between Israel and the Diaspora in the number of judges and their distribution?

Judaism is a religion of love but also a religion of justice, for without justice, love corrupts.

The time immediately preceding Mashiach’s arrival is likened to the birth pangs of a woman in labor.

Eisenhower understood that motivated men will fight much harder and longer than unmotivated men.

Who does not want to get close to Hashem? Yet, how do we do that?

More Articles from Jewish Press Staff
Dell Smitherman at The Jewish Press.

Smitherman has witnessed firsthand both how damaging income inequality has been to the poor and how it negatively impacts families and communities.

“It was embarrassing to be asked, Why is Egypt right now a better ally than America? Why is Israel doing more than the U.S. to protect Israel?”

An Uzbek couple has reportedly confessed under interrogation to the murders of a Turkish Jewish couple in Istanbul.

At least three terrorists are dead and nine others wounded in an IAF air strike in Gaza City following a day of non-stop rocket fire aimed at Israel.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/open-parking-lots-on-shabbat-part-i/2013/09/12/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: