web analytics
August 21, 2014 / 25 Av, 5774
Israel at War: Operation Protective Edge
 
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat (L) visits the JewishPress.com booth at The Event. And the Winners of the JewishPress.com Raffle Are…

Congratulations to all the winners of the JewishPress.com raffle at The Event



Stand Or Sit?


Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha

Answer: The Rema (Orach Chayim 124:4) rules that all should stand. The Mishnah Berurah (Orach Chayim 124:20) writes that everyone should stand and pay attention to the prayers of the chazzan; by doing so, they are considered to be praying themselves.

Interestingly, the custom of HaGaon Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (as recorded in V’ahleihu Lo Yibol) was to sit during chazarat hashatz. He, moreover, noted that the Minsker Gadol believed that the ruling of the Rema is contrary to the generally accepted halacha.

How so? It is well known the instructions in standard machzorim tell the congregation to stand for the recitation of vidui on Yom Kippur – which takes place during chazarat hashatz. This naturally implies that the congregation may sit for the rest of chazarat hashatz. If everyone were already standing, instructions to stand up would make no sense. Rav Auerbach maintains that although litvisher yeshivot (and the Mishnah Berurah) follow the ruling of the Rema, the minhag ha’olam has always been to remain seated for chazarat hashatz. The Ari HaKadosh is also reputed to have sat during the repetition of the Amidah.

Why then are an increasing number of Jews standing up during chazarat hashatz nowadays? My theory is that this phenomenon is due to the loss of many shomrei Torah during the generation of the Holocaust – either to Nazi persecutions or to economic difficulties. My mother, who was born in America, recalled that during the Great Depression, many people knew that “if you do not come to work on Saturday do not come back on Monday.” To feed their families, many Jews worked on Shabbat (even as some continued davening in shul on Shabbat in early minyanim).

In such a situation, I believe the yeshiva leadership assumed the role of surrogate father to many young people. I remember once hearing HaGaon HaRav Yitzchok Hutner claiming that “students are orphans in the lifetime of their parents.” The roshei ha’yeshiva assumed they were the surrogate fathers to their students and instilled in them that following halacha meant following the method of the Mishnah Berurah. They preached stringency and altered the proper role of halachic deciders. Stringency became the mode and lenient communal halacha was looked down upon. They almost succeeded since synagogue rabbis generally refrained from presenting their claim to halachic validity.

Nonetheless, the fact is that the lenient halachic approach of the Modern Orthodox world is more in line with traditional halachic guidelines than that of the yeshiva and chassidic worlds.

About the Author: Rabbi Cohen, a Jerusalem Prize recipient, is the author of eight sefarim on Jewish law. His latest, “Jewish Prayer the Right Way” (Urim Publications), is available at Amazon.com and select Judaica stores.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Stand Or Sit?”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.
Netanyahu Praises ‘Meticulous Intelligence, Precise IDF Operational Abilities’
Latest Judaism Stories
Reeh

We give slave gifts? If he wants to stay, we pierce his ear?!

Azrielli Tower - Shema Yisrael

A bit of (non-Jewish) history can help us understand this week’s Torah portion: In the early 1500s, the Catholic church was being fundamentally challenged by movements which claimed it had monopolized religious power and used to enrich the church and its officials. The most radical of these movements were a particular sect of Anabaptists. Anabaptists […]

Leff-081514

“When a mother plays with her child there is an acute awareness of the child. But even when the mother works at a job or is distracted by some other activity, there is a natural, latent awareness of her child’s existence.

Business-Halacha-logo

“Guess what?” Benzion exclaimed when he returned home. “I just won an identical Mishnah Berurah in the avos u’banim raffle.”

While it’s clear to you and to me that a 14,000-pound creature can easily break away from the light ropes holding it, the reality is that it cannot.

An Outcast
‘He Shall Dwell Outside His Tent’
(Moed Katan 7b)

Question: The Gemara in Berachot states that the sages authored our prayers. Does that mean we didn’t pray beforehand?

Menachem
Via Email

Based on the opinion of the Ramban, the Territorial School believes that leaving any territory of the Land of Israel in the possession of non-Jews is a violation of a biblical mandate.

“But they told me to come in today,” she said. They gave me this date months ago. It’s not my fault if it’s the wrong day.”

Tosafos there takes issue with Rashi’s view that the letters that are formed in the knots of the tefillin are considered part of the name of Hashem.

Blind obedience is not a virtue in Judaism. God wants us to understand the laws He has commanded us

What does Hashem want of us? That we should protect each other and the awesome heritage He gave us.

Israel is the only place where we have the potential to fulfill our mandate as the chosen people.

The innkeeper smiled and replied, “Why do you think we are dancing? We are dancing because G-d destroyed the Bais HaMikdash!”

More Articles from Rabbi J. Simcha Cohen
Cohen-080814-Sign

Is God apologizing for taking away my Father? Is God telling me that He is sorry?

Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha-NEW

Question: At Birkat Kohanim, who says the phrase, “Am k’doshecha ka’amur”?

Question: How can one determine whether someone is a true disciple of a rav, Rebbe, or rosh yeshiva?

Question: Does halacha agree with the Supreme Court decision of Roe v. Wade permitting women to have abortions?

Question: When someone puts on a talit to lead services, should he recite a berachah?

Question: A number of synagogues feature bar mitzvah celebrations for elderly Jews. Is this proper?

Hashem understood their complaint and therefore selected the ritual mitzvah of sukkah to test them.

Question: Why is Shavuot celebrated as a two-day Yom Tov?

    Latest Poll

    Do you think the FAA ban on US flights to Israel is political?






    View Results

    Loading ... Loading ...

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/stand-or-sit/2013/01/17/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: