web analytics
May 28, 2015 / 10 Sivan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Stand Or Sit?


Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha

Answer: The Rema (Orach Chayim 124:4) rules that all should stand. The Mishnah Berurah (Orach Chayim 124:20) writes that everyone should stand and pay attention to the prayers of the chazzan; by doing so, they are considered to be praying themselves.

Interestingly, the custom of HaGaon Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (as recorded in V’ahleihu Lo Yibol) was to sit during chazarat hashatz. He, moreover, noted that the Minsker Gadol believed that the ruling of the Rema is contrary to the generally accepted halacha.

How so? It is well known the instructions in standard machzorim tell the congregation to stand for the recitation of vidui on Yom Kippur – which takes place during chazarat hashatz. This naturally implies that the congregation may sit for the rest of chazarat hashatz. If everyone were already standing, instructions to stand up would make no sense. Rav Auerbach maintains that although litvisher yeshivot (and the Mishnah Berurah) follow the ruling of the Rema, the minhag ha’olam has always been to remain seated for chazarat hashatz. The Ari HaKadosh is also reputed to have sat during the repetition of the Amidah.

Why then are an increasing number of Jews standing up during chazarat hashatz nowadays? My theory is that this phenomenon is due to the loss of many shomrei Torah during the generation of the Holocaust – either to Nazi persecutions or to economic difficulties. My mother, who was born in America, recalled that during the Great Depression, many people knew that “if you do not come to work on Saturday do not come back on Monday.” To feed their families, many Jews worked on Shabbat (even as some continued davening in shul on Shabbat in early minyanim).

In such a situation, I believe the yeshiva leadership assumed the role of surrogate father to many young people. I remember once hearing HaGaon HaRav Yitzchok Hutner claiming that “students are orphans in the lifetime of their parents.” The roshei ha’yeshiva assumed they were the surrogate fathers to their students and instilled in them that following halacha meant following the method of the Mishnah Berurah. They preached stringency and altered the proper role of halachic deciders. Stringency became the mode and lenient communal halacha was looked down upon. They almost succeeded since synagogue rabbis generally refrained from presenting their claim to halachic validity.

Nonetheless, the fact is that the lenient halachic approach of the Modern Orthodox world is more in line with traditional halachic guidelines than that of the yeshiva and chassidic worlds.

About the Author: Rabbi Cohen, a Jerusalem Prize recipient, is the author of eight sefarim on Jewish law. His latest, “Jewish Prayer the Right Way” (Urim Publications), is available at Amazon.com and select Judaica stores.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Stand Or Sit?”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Shimon Peres and Tony Blair shake hands in Jerusalem.
Tony Blair Steps Down as Quartet Middle East Envoy but No One Cares
Latest Judaism Stories
Naso Lecture

This week’s video discusses the important connection between the Priestly Blessing and parenting.

Mosaic of 12 Tribes

Many of us simply don’t get the need for the Torah to list the exact same gift offering, 12 times!

Leff-052215

There is a great debate as to whether this story actually took place or is simply a metaphor, a prophetic vision shown to Hoshea by Hashem.

Staum-052215

Every person is presented with moments when he/she must make difficult decisions about how to proceed.

One does not necessarily share the opinions of one’s brother. One may disapprove of his actions, values, and/or beliefs. However, with brothers there is a bond of love and caring that transcends all differences.

This Shavuot let’s give G-d a gift too: Let’s make this year different by doing just 1 more mitzvah

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if […]

God and the divine origin of His Torah are facts even though we do not fully comprehend them.

So if we basically live the same life, why should he get eternal reward and not me?”

The question is: What about pidyon haben? Can one give the five sela’im required for pidyon haben to a kohen’s daughter?

In Parshas Pinchas the Torah introduces the Mussaf for Shavuos by describing it as Yom HaBikurim when we bring the new offering.

Rachel was thrown by the sight and began to caringly think whom this person might be.

The desert, with its unearthly silence & emptiness, is the condition in which the Word can be heard

The census focused on the individual, proving each is created as irreplaceable, unique images of God

Jewish survival in a dysfunctional world requires women assuming the role Hashem gave them at Sinai

The Honor Of Reading The Kesubah
‘Witnesses Sign Only After Reading…’
(Kesubos 109a)

More Articles from Rabbi J. Simcha Cohen
Cohen-Rabbi-J-Simcha-NEW

Once this took place, no Beit Din could annul its practice but for an entirely different reason. A minhag accepted by klal Yisrael becomes an obligation that must be practiced.

Cohen-080814-Sign

Is God apologizing for taking away my Father? Is God telling me that He is sorry?

Question: At Birkat Kohanim, who says the phrase, “Am k’doshecha ka’amur”?

Question: How can one determine whether someone is a true disciple of a rav, Rebbe, or rosh yeshiva?

Question: Does halacha agree with the Supreme Court decision of Roe v. Wade permitting women to have abortions?

Question: When someone puts on a talit to lead services, should he recite a berachah?

Question: A number of synagogues feature bar mitzvah celebrations for elderly Jews. Is this proper?

Hashem understood their complaint and therefore selected the ritual mitzvah of sukkah to test them.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/stand-or-sit/2013/01/17/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: