web analytics
September 18, 2014 / 23 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Apartment 758x530 Africa-Israel at the Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York

Africa Israel Residences, part of the Africa Israel Investments Group led by international businessman Lev Leviev, will present 7 leading projects on the The Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York on Sep 14-15, 2014.



Toveling

“You must sanctify yourselves and be holy,” the Torah tells us, “for I, the Lord your God, am holy.” The service of God in our lives should simulate the service of God in the Temple. Just as the kohen, the priest, was required to enter God’s Temple in a state of taharah, spiritual cleanliness, we are required to enter God’s world in a state of taharah.

Natural water gathered in a mikveh is our spiritual purifying agent. That is why the Torah asks of the woman, God’s partner in creation of the human being, to spiritually purify herself before conceiving a child. The convert, who has not been born to a Jewish mother, must be purified in a mikveh before becoming Jewish.

Following the destruction of the Temple, the Jewish table replaced the altar. Not only the food offered on the table but the serving utensils as well must be pure. Accordingly, utensils owned by a non-Jew, like the non-Jew himself, must be consecrated by immersion in the mikveh before entering the Jewish world. The process of consecration of utensils owned by non-Jews is known as tvilat keilim, and is colloquially referred to as “toveling.” The scriptural source for tvilat keilim is the prohibition placed on Israelite soldiers, upon returning from war carrying the spoils of Midian, from using Midianite eating utensils without first kashering and toveling them.

Eating and drinking utensils and utensils made of metal or glass that are used in the preparation of food and come into direct contact with food (such as cups, plates, silverware, pots and pans – but not coasters, knife sharpeners or other utensils, which have only indirect contact with food), and which were manufactured by or acquired from a non-Jew, require tevilah before they can be used by a Jew.

Wooden, earthen (if unglazed), bone and paper utensils, as well as disposable eating utensils, including aluminum foil and baking tins, are exempt from tevilah. The blessing Al Tevilat Keilim is recited immediately before toveling utensils made of metal and glass.

All Jewish persons, men, women and children, may tovel with a blessing. Utensils with which food is prepared or in which food is stored but not eaten – such as a meat grinder, potato peeler, slaughterer’s knife or sugar container – are immersed without the blessing unless immersed together with other utensils, which require the blessing. Whether plastic or nylon utensils require tevilah is debatable. Some authorities suggest they require tevilah without a blessing while other authorities rule they require no tevilah at all.

Eating utensils, which would require tevilah if acquired from a non-Jew, are exempt from tevilah if the non-Jew retains ownership over them, such as when the Jew rents or borrows them. Accordingly, if one finds oneself in a place with no toveling facilities, one may, as a temporary solution, use utensils even without tevilah by employing the following device: One may give the utensils to a non-Jew as a gift, thereby transferring ownership to him and then borrow them back. If no other eating utensils are available, this device may also be employed on Shabbat or Yom Tov, when it is forbidden to tovel utensils.

All dirt and adhesive labels (other than brand name labels that would ordinarily be considered part of the utensil) must be removed before tevilah so as to ensure 100 percent water contact on all inner and outer surfaces. For the same reason, the utensil should be lowered into the water in a perforated container – or if hand dipped, held with a loose grip.

An electric appliance, such as a coffee percolator or an electric toaster, acquired from or manufactured by a non-Jew and which would be damaged by tevilah, can be dealt with as follows: One may ask a Jewish electrician to dismantle the appliance into its separate parts to the point where it loses its original identity and then to reassemble it. The appliance is then considered as manufactured by a Jew and no longer requires tevilah. Alternatively, one can give it as a gift to and borrow it back from a non-Jew in the way already described. Tvilat keilim may also be performed in the sea or in a river so long as the river contains the minimum amount of required water for a kosher mikveh. In the absence of other facilities, glass utensils (but not metal utensils) may be toveled in snow.

Although kashering and toveling are sometimes required for the same utensil, they are fundamentally different procedures, serving different purposes. Kashering is the process required to expel the flavor of forbidden foods from the utensil’s surfaces and is therefore inapplicable to a utensil which has never been used. Toveling is required for a utensil (even unused) manufactured by, or acquired from a non- Jew. A utensil manufactured and used by a non-Jew or used by a non-Jew and purchased by a Jew requires both kashering and toveling.

About the Author: Raphael Grunfeld’s book, “Ner Eyal on Seder Moed” (distributed by Mesorah) is available at OU.org and your local Jewish bookstore. His new book, “Ner Eyal on Seder Nashim & Nezikin,” will be available shortly.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Toveling”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Sen. Ted Cruz acts senate for unanimous consent to pass the Expatriate Terrorist Act. Sept. 18, 2014.
Ds Reject Voting to Strip Citizenship From US Jihadi ISIS Volunteers
Latest Judaism Stories
Teller-Rabbi-Hanoch-NEW

“he’s my rabbi” the Black painter said with pride, pulling out a photo of the Rebbe from his wallet

Rabbi Avi Weiss, head of theYeshivat Chovevei Torah. Rabbi Asher Lopatin will be replacing him as head of the school.

The Torah notes that even when we are dispersed God will return us to Him.

Rabbi Sacks

Simply, for Rambam the number 14 (2×7) was his favored organizing principle.

Rebbetzin Esther Jungreis

One of the cornerstones of our Jewish life is chesed, kindness. Chesed can only be taught by example

Our understanding of what is and what is not possible creates imagined ceilings of opportunity for us.

This young, innocent child gave me a powerful, warm surge of energy and strength.

The Chafetz Chaim answered that there are two forms of teshuvah; teshuvah m’ahava and teshuvah m’yirah.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

A Role Reversal
‘Return, O Wayward Sons…’
(Chagigah 15a)

When the Kleins returned, however, they were dismayed to see that the renters did a poor job cleaning up after themselves.

In Parshas Re’eh the Torah tells us about the bechira to adhere to the commandments of Hashem and refrain from sin. In Parshas Nitzavim, the Torah tells us that we have the choice to repent after we have sinned.

As Moshe is about to die, why does God tell him about how the Israelites will ruin everything?

Jonah objected to God accepting repentance based on ulterior motives and likely for short duration.

This week’s parsha offers a new covenant; a covenant that speaks to national life unlike any other

All Jews are inherently righteous and that is why we all have a portion in the World to Come.

More Articles from Raphael Grunfeld
Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

If mourning is incompatible with Yom Tov, why is it not incompatible with Shabbat?

On Chol HaMoed some work is prohibited and some is permitted. According to some opinions, the work prohibition is biblical; according to others, it’s rabbinical.

Based on the opinion of the Ramban, the Territorial School believes that leaving any territory of the Land of Israel in the possession of non-Jews is a violation of a biblical mandate.

To properly fulfill the mitzvah of listening to the megillah, each word must be heard.

If the only person available to perform the milah on the eighth day is a person who is not an observant Jew, the milah should be postponed until a devout mohel is available.

The kohen gadol may not enter the Temple unless his hair is cut every seven days.

A commonly employed and permissible device regarding the prohibition of wearing fresh clothes during the Nine Days is to don them for a moment or two before the Nine Days.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/toveling/2013/03/13/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: