web analytics
June 30, 2015 / 13 Tammuz, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Home » Judaism » Parsha »

How Did Yaakov Marry Sisters?


Note to readers: This column is dedicated to the refuah sheleimah of Shlomo Eliezer ben Chaya Sarah Elka.

At the beginning of this week’s parshah Yaakov sent a message to Eisav. In the message were the words, “im Lavan garti – I lived with Lavan.” Rashi explains that Yaakov was informing Eisav that he had kept the entire Torah, as the word “garti” is the same numerical value as the amount of mitzvos in the Torah: 613. The following strong question concerning this statement has been discussed by the Rishonim and Acharonim: How could Yaakov say that he kept the entire Torah when he married two sisters, Rachel and Leah, which is biblically prohibited? Additionally, the Gemara in Yuma 28 says that Avraham Avinu kept the Torah; presumably the other avos did as well. How then did Yaakov marry two sisters?

The Ramban, in parshas Toldos (26:5), says that the avos only kept the Torah in Eretz Yisrael. He explains that it was for this reason that Rachel died before Yaakov entered Eretz Yisrael, so that when he entered Eretz Yisrael he was only married to one sister.

Although this answers the second question of how Yaakov married two sisters, it does not answer the first question. For how then could Yaakov say that he kept the entire Torah when in fact he did not keep any of it, as he was not obligated in it while he was chutz la’aretz?

Similarly, the Rama (Teshuvos 10) and the Maharal (Tiferes Yisrael 20) say that only Avraham kept the Torah. Yitzchak and Yaakov did not. This too does not explain the statement made by Yaakov informing Eisav that he kept the Torah in its entirety.

The Radvaz (Teshuvos 696), the Marshah (Yuma 28) and the Perashas Derachim write that Rachel and Leah had to undergo conversion before Yaakov married them. The halacha is that a convert is not considered related to their biological family members. Therefore, a convert may marry a biological relative. Two biological sisters who converted can marry the same man, since they are not considered sisters.

The Nefesh Hachaim suggests that the avos kept the Torah based on what they perceived as necessary for making tikkunim in the world. Once the Torah was given, one is not allowed to make such calculations. However, prior to mattan Torah the avos would violate certain commandments if they believed it was necessary for their avodah. Yaakov married two sisters because he felt that it was necessary in order for him to accomplish his spiritual goals.

The Brisker Rav and Reb Moshe Feinstein (Even Haezer 4:9) offer a different approach in answering both questions. They say that although the avos kept the entire Torah there were several discrepancies. Certain concepts did not yet exist prior to mattan Torah, and regarding those things the avos did not keep the Torah. The Torah only prohibited marrying two sisters via kiddushin. Before mattan Torah the concept of kiddushin did not exist. The Rambam writes in the beginning of Hilchos Ishus that when one wished to marry a woman before the Torah was given, they simply lived together without having any kiddushin. Under those circumstances, one may “marry” two sisters.

The Gemara, in Pesachim 119b, says that Hashem will make a meal for all the tzaddikim. They will ask Avraham Avinu to bentch and he will refuse, saying that since Yishmael came from him he should not bentch. Yitzchak Avinu will refuse because Eisav came from him. Yaakov Avinu will refuse to bentch, for he will say that he married two sisters that the Torah would eventually prohibit. But according to the previous two answers (of the Brisker Rav, Reb Moshe, the Radvaz, the Marshah, and the Perashas Derachim) the Gemara is not understandable. Based on their answers Yaakov had done nothing wrong. Why would he feel that he should not bentch based on his marriage to two sisters who converted, or for simply living together with them without kiddushin? What he had done would have been permitted – even after the Torah was given.

According to the Ramban, that the avos did not keep the Torah outside Eretz Yisrael, and according to the opinions that hold that Yaakov did not keep the Torah at all, we can understand why Yaakov said that he was unfit to lead in bentching, since what he did would become forbidden after the Torah would be given. Similarly, the answer of the Nefesh Hachaim fits well with the Gemara since what Yaakov did would not have been permitted after the Torah was given.

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “How Did Yaakov Marry Sisters?”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Tzvi  at Cemetery of Mount of Olives
Jewish Press Blogger Stoned on Mount of Olives!
Latest Judaism Stories
Staum-062615

Amalek, our ultimate foe, understood that when unified, we are invincible and indestructible.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Perhaps on a deeper level, the mitzvah of parah adumah at this junction was not just to purify the body, but the spirit as well.

Rabbi Avi Weiss

Halacha isn’t random; it’s a mechanism guiding individuals and society to a higher ethical plateau.

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Less clear, however, is whether the concept applies to the area of civil law such as the law of transfer of property.

The greatest of men, Moshe, had to wait for Hashem to sprinkle purifying waters on Bnei Yisrael to mark the conclusion of the period of death.

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Of Chukkim “Satan and the nations of the world made fun.” They may appear irrational & superstitious

I realized from this story that I was sent as a messenger from above. Hashem has many helpers in this world to help do his work.

Tosafos answers that nevertheless the sprinkling is a part of his taharah process.

“What difference does that make?” replied Shraga. “What counts is the agreement that we made. I said two hundred fifty and you accepted.”

Zaidie’s legacy of smiles and loving words was all but buried with him, now the family fights over $

Israel’s complaining frustrated Moshe, making it increasingly hard for him to lead effectively

Dovid’s musical Torah teachings were designed to penetrate the soul and the emotions.

It occurred to me, as my brain rattled in my skull on a two-hundred mile ride through rural Virginia, that our souls work in much the same way.

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Tosafos answers that nevertheless the sprinkling is a part of his taharah process.

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Performing ketores outside the Beis Hamikdash, and at the wrong time is an aveirah.

Ten of the twelve spies returned with a negative report, stating that this would be impossible.

The flavor of the mon was not artificial; the mon would now consist of the actual flavors from the desired food.

Tosafos suggests several answers as to how a minor can own an item, m’d’Oraisa.

The question is: What about pidyon haben? Can one give the five sela’im required for pidyon haben to a kohen’s daughter?

The mitzvah that parents must give their son a bris milah is a mitzvah that they must perform for someone else – namely their son.

The Bach writes that he mentioned his insights to many of the leading gedolim and no one disproved him.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/how-did-yaakov-marry-sisters/2012/11/29/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: