web analytics
August 5, 2015 / 20 Av, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Home » Judaism » Parsha »

Must Women Eat Three Meals On Shabbos?

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

The Gemara in Shabbos 117b derives from a pasuk in this week’s parshah regarding the falling of the mun that we are obligated to eat three seudos on Shabbos. The Gemara there also brings from another pasuk in this week’s parshah that at each seudah we are obligated to break bread on two loaves. This is known as lechem mishneh.

Generally women are exempt from mitzvos assei she’hazman grama (time-sensitive mitzvos). Although the obligation to eat both three seudos and lechem mishneh are mitzvos assei she’hazman grama, nonetheless the Ran on that Gemara (44 dafei haRiff) quotes Rabbeinu Tam, who says that women are obligated in both of these mitzvos because of the rule of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis – they too were involved in the miracle.

The Ran there says that it is not necessary to obligate women as a result of the rule of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis because the Gemara in Berachos 20b derives from a hekish that regarding all obligations of Shabbos women are obligated just like men.

The Kapos Temarim, in Sukkah 38a, defends Rabbeinu Tam’s opinion and explains that it is necessary to draw from the rule of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis that women are obligated in eating three seudos with lechem mishneh. He explains that the hekish that the Gemara in Berachos makes only regards obligating women in Kiddush, not on all other obligations on Shabbos.

There is a machlokes Rishonim regarding the halacha that women are obligated in mitzvos that af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis. Several Rishonim opine that it applies to women regardless of the level of their involvement in the miracle. The mere fact that they were saved is sufficient to obligate them in a mitzvah that is associated with that miracle.

The Rashbam, in Pesachim 108b, says that the halacha of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis only applies when the women played an active role in bringing about the salvation. Regarding the obligation to drink four cups of wine, where we apply the halacha of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis, the Rashbam explains that the Gemara in Sotah 11b says that the salvation came about in the merit of the righteous women. Concerning the obligation to hear Megillas Esther, the salvation came about through Esther – who was a woman. Similarly, regarding Chanukah, Yehudis played an active role in the salvation.

Based on this, opinion how can we understand why women are obligated to eat three seudos and lechem mishneh on Shabbos if women did not play a significant role in the miracle of the mun?

Perhaps we can suggest that the Rashbam would opine in accordance with the Ran, namely that it is unnecessary to derive from the halacha of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis in order to obligate women to eat three seudos with lechem mishneh. Since women did not play an active role in the miracle of the mun, the halacha of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis cannot obligate them in the mitzvah associated with that miracle. They are, however, obligated as a result of the hekish – as the Ran stated.

In this week’s parshah, the Chasam Sofer suggests an alternate explanation relating to the opinion of the Rashbam. He says that the Rashbam does not require that women need have played a vital role in the miracle in order to apply the halacha of af ha’im hayu b’osah haneis. The Chasam Sofer explains that the Rashbam only said that in order to answer a different question. He was bothered by the word “af,” which connotes that they were not an essential part of the miracle. The Chasam Sofer makes clear that Hashem created the world contingent on the fact that klal Yisrael would accept the Torah.

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Must Women Eat Three Meals On Shabbos?”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Bibi conf call
Bibi: ‘Keep or Cheat,’ This Deal Will Give Iran the Bomb
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

By internalizing the Exodus, it is as if we ourselves were redeemed from Egypt.

Neihaus-073115

Each Shabbos we add the tefilla of “Ritzei” to Birchas HaMazon. In it we ask Hashem that on this day of Shabbos He should be pleased with us and save us. What exactly do we want to be saved from? Before we answer this question, let’s talk about this Friday, the 15th of Av. Many […]

Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks

Amongst the greatest disagreements in Judaism is the understanding of the 1st of the 10 Commandments

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Day He Heard
‘One May Seek Revocation Of A Confimation’
(Nedarim 69a)

The director picked up the phone to Rabbi Dayan. “One of our counselors lost his check,” he said. “Do we have to issue a new one or is it his loss?”

Six events occurred on Tu B’Av, the 15th of Av, making it a festive day in the Jewish calendar.

Why would Moshe Rabbeinu have thought that the vow that disallowed him to enter Eretz Yisrael was annulled simply because he was allowed to conquer and enter the land of Sichon and Og?

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Snow in Jerusalem! For many New Englanders like me, snow pulls at our nostalgic heartstrings like nothing else can.

Man has conflicting wishes and desires. Man has forces pulling him in competing directions.

Perhaps the admonition here is that we should not trivialize the events of the past by saying that they are irrelevant to the modern Jew.

One must view the settlement of Israel in a positive light. Thinking otherwise is a grievous sin.

Reaching a stronger understanding of what Moses actually did to prevent him from entering the land

Anti-Zionism, today’s anti-Semitism, has gone viral, tragically supported globally & by many Jews

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Why would Moshe Rabbeinu have thought that the vow that disallowed him to enter Eretz Yisrael was annulled simply because he was allowed to conquer and enter the land of Sichon and Og?

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

In addition to the restrictions of Tisha B’Av, there are several restrictions that one may not perform during the week that Tisha B’Av falls in.

We do not find that Pinchas was chastised for what he did; on the contrary he was greatly rewarded.

The Shulchan Aruch in the very first siman states that one should rise in the morning like a lion, implying that simply rising form bed requires strength of a lion, in line with the Midrash.

Tosafos answers that nevertheless the sprinkling is a part of his taharah process.

Performing ketores outside the Beis Hamikdash, and at the wrong time is an aveirah.

Ten of the twelve spies returned with a negative report, stating that this would be impossible.

The flavor of the mon was not artificial; the mon would now consist of the actual flavors from the desired food.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/must-women-eat-three-meals-on-shabbos/2014/01/09/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: