web analytics
October 24, 2014 / 30 Tishri, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Home » Judaism » Parsha »

The Forbidden Esrog

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

The Mishnah in Sukkah 34b says that an esrog of urla (fruit from the first three years after the tree was planted) and that of terumah temeiah are unfit for use in fulfilling the mitzvah. The Gemara (35a) explains that this is because one of the requirements of the mitzvah is that one must be able to eat the esrog. Since one may not eat urla or terumah temeiah they are unfit for the mitzvah.

Rashi there explains that this requirement stems from the pasuk of “lachem,” which teaches us that the esrog must be available to the one using it for all purposes. Tosafos and other Rishonim point out that according to Rashi an esrog that one is not permitted to eat is only unfit for use of the mitzvah on the first day of Yom Tov, when the halacha of lachem is required. However, for the remainder of the Yom Tov, when there is no requirement of lachem and one may even borrow an esrog to fulfill the mitzvah, the esrog does not have to be fit for consumption.

The Rambam (Hilchos Lulav 8:9) explicitly says that an esrog that is forbidden to be eaten is unfit for the mitzvah on all seven days of Yom Tov. He explains his ruling in his pirush to Mishnayos on this Mishnah. The Rambam says that the requirement that the esrog must be fit for consumption is drawn from the pasuk, “pri eitz hadar.” He explains that something that is forbidden to be eaten or that must be burned cannot be called a pri (fruit), for it is not something that may be eaten. Thus the Rambam rules that such an esrog may not be used for the mitzvah on all seven days of Yom Tov.

Ma’aser sheini may only be eaten in Yerushalayim. Tosafos (Sukkah 35a d”h lifi) says that an esrog of ma’aser sheini that is outside of Yerushalayim may be used for the mitzvah since there is a way whereby the esrog may be eaten, namely by bringing it to Yerushalayim. The Rambam (Hilchos Lulav 8:2) says that outside of Yerushalayim, an esrog of ma’aser sheini may not be used for the mitzvah.

Based on the Rambam’s explanation of why an esrog of urla and terumah temeiah are unfit for the mitzvah, we can understand the reason for this ruling. Since the Rambam explained that in order to be fit for the mitzvah the fruit must be edible in order for it to be called a fruit, we can understand that the fruit must be practically edible in the place where it is. The fact that it may be permitted to be eaten if it is brought to another city does not render it a fruit in this city. Since it is forbidden to be eaten where it currently is, it is not referred to as a fruit.

But Tosafos learns like Rashi in that the reason why an esrog that is forbidden to be eaten is unfit for the mitzvah is because of the pasuk of lachem. As has been explained, the pasuk of lachem teaches us that one must own the esrog in a manner in which he can do with it as he pleases – even eat it. If it is forbidden to be eaten he does not completely own it. Therefore Tosafos does not require that the esrog, in a practical sense, must be able to be eaten in the city that it is in; rather, if one has a way to eat it, it is considered as if he owns the esrog regarding consumption. The fact that he has an opportunity to eat it suffices, in order to show that he indeed owns the esrog entirely.

The Rambam writes (Hilchos Lulav 8:1) that an esrog of avodah zarah should not optimally be used for the mitzvah; however, if used, it is a fulfillment of the mitzvah. The Acharonim are bothered by an obvious question. If one may not eat something of avodah zarah, how then may such an esrog be used for the mitzvah?

The sefer, Harirai Kedem, suggests that a careful reading of the Rambam in Hilchos Avodah Zarah will shed light on this question. The Rambam writes (7:2) that avodah zarah is forbidden to be beneficial to anyone; one who derives any benefit will receive lashes. Regarding urla and other things that one cannot derive benefit from, the Rambam (Hilchos Ma’achalos Assuros 8:16) writes that one does not receive lashes for having derived benefit. We see that he only receives lashes if he benefited from avodah zarah. The reason for this is because the actual prohibition regarding avodah zarah is to not derive benefit, whereas regarding all other things whereby benefit is forbidden the issur is actually to not eat it (which also includes not deriving any benefit).

It is possible to say that the only prohibition that will render an esrog as not being a fruit is if the issur is primarily an issur to eat. If the issur is primarily not to derive benefit, then although one may not eat it, it is still considered a fruit and therefore may be used for the mitzvah.

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

One Response to “The Forbidden Esrog

  1. " BLESSED,

    HAPPY FEAST OF TABERNACLES/BOOTY…..GOD IS WITH YOU…..

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Miniature Torah at the women's section of the Western Wall Friday morning.
Women of the Wall Smuggle Tiny Torah Scroll to Western Wall
Latest Judaism Stories
Rapps-Rabbi-Joshua-logo

Shem realized that he owed his existence to his father who brought him into the world.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

Weck-110411-Noah

The flood was not sent to destroy, but to restore the positive potential of the world.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Why is there is no mention of dinosaurs, and other prehistoric animals, in the Torah?

Strict din demands perfection. There is no room for shortcomings and no place for excuses; you are responsible.

Surprisingly, my husband and one son arrived home over half-an-hour earlier than usual. I excitedly shared my perfect-timing story, but my better half one upped me easily.

Noach felt a tug, and then heard a rip. His jacket had been caught on the nail, and the beautiful suit had a tear.

Boundaries must be set in every home. Parents and children are not pals. They are not equals.

Noah and his wife could not fathom living together as husband and wife and continuing the human race

The Babel story is the 2nd in a 4-act drama that’s unmistakably a connecting thread of Bereishit

Our intentions are critical in raising children because they mimic everything we parents do & think

A humble person who achieves a position of prominence will utilize the standing to benefit others.

Myth #1: It is easy to be a B’nai Noach. It is extraordinarily hard to be a B’nai Noach.

The creation of the world is described twice. Each description serves a unique purpose.

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Others suggest that one cannot separate Shabbos from Yom Kippur by accepting Shabbos early.

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

While women are exempt from actually learning Torah, they are obligated in a different aspect of the mitzvah.

The Chafetz Chaim answered that there are two forms of teshuvah; teshuvah m’ahava and teshuvah m’yirah.

Since it is a Rabbinic prohibition we may follow the more lenient opinion.

They ask, how can Rabbeinu Gershom forbid marrying more than one wife, when the Torah explicitly permits it in this parshah?

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

According to Rabbi Yishmael one was not permitted to eat such an animal prior to entering Eretz Yisrael, while according to Rabbi Akiva one was permitted to eat animals if he would perform nechirah.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/the-forbidden-esrog/2013/09/18/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: