web analytics
September 20, 2014 / 25 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Apartment 758x530 Africa-Israel at the Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York

Africa Israel Residences, part of the Africa Israel Investments Group led by international businessman Lev Leviev, will present 7 leading projects on the The Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York on Sep 14-15, 2014.



Home » Judaism » Parsha »

The Korbanos Of Noach

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

The Rambam writes in Hilchos Melachim 9:1 that Adam HaRishon was commanded in six mitzvos, and Noach was commanded in a seventh. Adam was commanded to not do the following: worship avodah zarah, curse Hashem, kill, gilui arayos, and steal. He was also commanded to set up a court system. In addition to those commands, Noach was commanded not to eat from ever min hachai (a limb detached from a live animal).

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 59b says that Adam was forbidden to eat any of the animals. He was only permitted to eat fruits and vegetables. He was therefore not commanded to not eat ever min hachai since he was not allowed to eat animals at all. The reason why the Rambam did not mention this prohibition is because it was not intended to last forever. Only after the mabul did Hashem permit Noach to eat animals, as the pasuk in this week’s parshah says: “kol remes asher hu chai lachem yiheyeh le’achlah” (Bereishis 9:3). Prior to this it was forbidden to kill an animal in order to eat it.

We find that Noach brought korbanos immediately after he exited the teivah, prior to being allowed to eat animals. Additionally, we find that in Parshas Bereishis, Hevel brought korbanos from animals although he was not allowed to eat them. The Gemara in Avodah Zarah 8a says that Adam brought korbanos as well.

Several Acharonim were bothered by a question (see Zera Avraham, end of siman 13). The Gemara in Menachos 6a says that a korban must be brought of something that may be eaten. This is referred to as “mashkeh Yisrael.” How could Noach, Adam, and Hevel have brought korbanos from animals that they themselves were forbidden to eat?

According to Tosafos (Sanhedrin 56b d”h achal), Adam was allowed to eat animals; he only was forbidden to kill an animal in order to eat it. However, if an animal would die on its own, he would be permitted to eat the animal. Based on this opinion, the question does not start because the meat of an animal was not forbidden to be eaten; rather it was only forbidden to kill an animal in order to eat it. But the Acharonim point out that the Rambam seems to disagree with Tosafos with his belief that Adam was forbidden to eat an animal even if it would die on its own. They imply this from the fact that the Rambam says that ever min hachai was only first commanded to Noach. The reason why it was not commanded to Adam is because he was forbidden to eat all animals. According to Tosafos, Adam was already forbidden to eat ever min hachai.

Some Acharonim suggest that the halacha of mashkeh Yisrael does not apply to a ben Noach who is bringing a korban. Thus Noach and Hevel did not have to bring korbanos from items that they could have eaten themselves. Others suggest that the halacha of mashkeh Yisrael only applies to korbanos brought on the Mizbeach. Even according to the opinion that Noach brought his korbanos on the place where the Mizbeach would later be built, it did not have the status of the actual Mizbeach.

I would like to suggest another answer. The halacha of mashkeh Yisrael requires that all items brought as a korban must be fit for consumption. However, if one ate hard cheese and cannot eat meat for six hours, he would nonetheless be permitted to bring a korban of animal meat. Similarly, one would be permitted to bring a korban on a fast day, when it is forbidden to eat anything. The reason for this is because in these cases the food is not forbidden in and of itself; rather, it is the person who cannot eat the food at that time.

I believe that the prohibition that existed prior to Hashem allowing Noach to eat animals was similar to that of a fast day, whereby the food was not intrinsically prohibited – only that the people could not eat it at that time. We do not find that Hashem changed something from being a non-kosher or forbidden food to becoming one that is permitted anywhere else. It is therefore likely that this prohibition was not intrinsic. Animals were never deemed as non-kosher for bnei Noach. They were simply not allowed to eat them, for it was as if it were a fast day regarding eating animals.

Thus it was permitted to bring animals for korbanos, even prior to the animals being permitted to be eaten. This is so since they were never intrinsically forbidden.

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “The Korbanos Of Noach”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Protest rally against Metropolitan Opera staging Death of Klinghoffer on 9/22 at 4:30 pm at the Met.
For Grass Roots Klinghoffer Protest 9/22, Jewish Establishment MIA
Latest Judaism Stories
Hertzberg-092614

Perhaps the most important leadership lesson Elkana taught us is to never underestimate the difference a single person can make.

Teller-Rabbi-Hanoch-NEW

“he’s my rabbi” the Black painter said with pride, pulling out a photo of the Rebbe from his wallet

Rabbi Avi Weiss, head of theYeshivat Chovevei Torah. Rabbi Asher Lopatin will be replacing him as head of the school.

The Torah notes that even when we are dispersed God will return us to Him.

Rabbi Sacks

Simply, for Rambam the number 14 (2×7) was his favored organizing principle.

One of the cornerstones of our Jewish life is chesed, kindness. Chesed can only be taught by example

Our understanding of what is and what is not possible creates imagined ceilings of opportunity for us.

This young, innocent child gave me a powerful, warm surge of energy and strength.

The Chafetz Chaim answered that there are two forms of teshuvah; teshuvah m’ahava and teshuvah m’yirah.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

A Role Reversal
‘Return, O Wayward Sons…’
(Chagigah 15a)

When the Kleins returned, however, they were dismayed to see that the renters did a poor job cleaning up after themselves.

In Parshas Re’eh the Torah tells us about the bechira to adhere to the commandments of Hashem and refrain from sin. In Parshas Nitzavim, the Torah tells us that we have the choice to repent after we have sinned.

As Moshe is about to die, why does God tell him about how the Israelites will ruin everything?

Jonah objected to God accepting repentance based on ulterior motives and likely for short duration.

This week’s parsha offers a new covenant; a covenant that speaks to national life unlike any other

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

The Chafetz Chaim answered that there are two forms of teshuvah; teshuvah m’ahava and teshuvah m’yirah.

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Since it is a Rabbinic prohibition we may follow the more lenient opinion.

They ask, how can Rabbeinu Gershom forbid marrying more than one wife, when the Torah explicitly permits it in this parshah?

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

According to Rabbi Yishmael one was not permitted to eat such an animal prior to entering Eretz Yisrael, while according to Rabbi Akiva one was permitted to eat animals if he would perform nechirah.

Tosafos there takes issue with Rashi’s view that the letters that are formed in the knots of the tefillin are considered part of the name of Hashem.

The Rambam says that in order to honor Shabbos, one must wash his hands, face, and feet with warm water on Friday.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/the-korbanos-of-noach/2013/10/03/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: