web analytics
September 15, 2014 / 20 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Apartment 758x530 Africa-Israel at the Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York

Africa Israel Residences, part of the Africa Israel Investments Group led by international businessman Lev Leviev, will present 7 leading projects on the The Israel Real Estate Exhibition in New York on Sep 14-15, 2014.



Home » Judaism » Parsha »

Was The Mishkan Built On Shabbos?

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

In Parshas Pekudei, the final parshah in which the Torah discusses the building of the Mishkan and its vessels, the pesukim detail all of the items that they had made and that they were brought to Moshe (Shemos 39:33-43). In the following perek, it is written that Moshe erected the Mishkan.

In Parshas Naso Rashi (7:1) says that during the seven days of miluim, Moshe would erect and dissemble the Mishkan every day. Erecting the Mishkan involved putting up the walls and placing the covering on top, as a roof. The Panim Yafos asks: since invariably one of the seven days of miluim must have been Shabbos, how was Moshe able to erect the Mishkan on Shabbos? This should be a prohibition of the melachah of boneh (building). We learned in last week’s parshah (Parshas Vayakhel) that the building of the Mishkan was forbidden on Shabbos.

The Panim Yafos answers that several people erected the Mishkan. As such, it was not forbidden on Shabbos under the halacha of shenayim she’asahu (more than one person performing an action). However this answer is not very understandable. The halacha of shenayim she’asahu does not apply when more than one person was needed for that particular action. For example, if two people are needed to lift and carry an item, we will not apply the halacha of shenayim she’asahu if two people carry the item in reshus harabim. We only apply the halacha of shenayim she’asahu when only one person was needed to perform the action. Since the Mishkan was extremely heavy, it is unlikely that it could have been performed by only one person.

The Chasam Sofer (Teshuvos Orach Chaim 72) suggests another answer. He discusses whether a structure that will be taken down in a short period of time is permitted to be erected on Shabbos. He quotes a Yerushalmi, in the seventh perek of Shabbos, that questions how we can hold that building is forbidden on Shabbos from the Mishkan when the Mishkan was a temporary structure that was constantly erected and dissembled. The Yerushalmi answers that the Mishkan was not considered a temporary structure because the Bnei Yisrael encamped and traveled by the word of Hashem.

The Chasam Sofer adds that this was not the case during the seven days of miluim because then, the Mishkan was not erected by the word of Hashem. As such, the Yerushalmi’s answer would not apply to the seven days of miluim. The Chasam Sofer says that since it was a temporary structure during the seven days of miluim, Moshe was permitted to erect the Mishkan on Shabbos.

A machlokes regarding tefillin is whether the knot of the tefillin shel yad must be tied every day anew or just tightened (as is the prevalent minhag). Rabbeinu Eliyahu cited in Tosafos (Menachos 35b and Chullin 8a) that says the knot must be tied each day, for it is written in a pasuk: “u’keshartem” (and you must tie them).

Rabbeinu Tam disagreed with this, saying that if one unties the knot every day, the knot will not be considered a kesher shel kayama- a permanent knot. Since it is not a kesher shel kayama, we cannot consider it a knot; thus it is not a fulfillment of the mitzvah of u’keshartem.

The Avnei Nezer (Orach Chaim 183) suggests that Rabbeinu Eliyahu would answer Rabbeinu Tam’s question by stating that since one is performing a mitzvah by tying the knot, the mitzvah identifies that the knot will be defined as a kesher shel kayama. Since it is being used to perform a mitzvah, it is recognized as a knot.

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Was The Mishkan Built On Shabbos?”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
A Jew, a soldier and a Druze watch - very carefully - the Syrian side of the Golan Heights.
IDF Stands By as Al Qaeda Offensive Threatens Golan Farmers
Latest Judaism Stories
15th century Book of the Torah

This week’s parsha offers a new covenant; a covenant that speaks to national life unlike any other

Leff-091214

All Jews are inherently righteous and that is why we all have a portion in the World to Come.

Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

If mourning is incompatible with Yom Tov, why is it not incompatible with Shabbat?

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Since it is a Rabbinic prohibition we may follow the more lenient opinion.

How can the Torah expect me today, thousands of years after the mitzvahs were given, to view each mitzvah as if I’m fulfilling it for the first time?

Torah isn’t a theological treatise or a metaphysical system but a series of stories linked over time

In contrast to her Eicha-like lamentations of the previous hour or more, however, my youngest was now grinning from ear-to-ear.

An Astonishing Miracle
‘Why Bring the Infants to Hakhel?’
(Chagigah 3a)

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

e are in a time of serious crisis and must go beyond our present levels of chesed.

According to Ibn Ezra, the Torah was stressing through this covenant that hypocrisy was forbidden.

“Tony said that the code in most places in the U.S. is at least 36 inches for a residential guardrail,” replied Mr. Braun. “Some make it higher, 42, or even 52 inches for high porches. What is the required height according to halacha?”

Simcha is total; sahs is God’s joy in protecting us even when we are most vulnerable.

Not only do we accept You as our King, it is our greatest desire that the name of Your Kingdom be spread throughout the entire universe.

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Since it is a Rabbinic prohibition we may follow the more lenient opinion.

They ask, how can Rabbeinu Gershom forbid marrying more than one wife, when the Torah explicitly permits it in this parshah?

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

According to Rabbi Yishmael one was not permitted to eat such an animal prior to entering Eretz Yisrael, while according to Rabbi Akiva one was permitted to eat animals if he would perform nechirah.

Tosafos there takes issue with Rashi’s view that the letters that are formed in the knots of the tefillin are considered part of the name of Hashem.

The Rambam says that in order to honor Shabbos, one must wash his hands, face, and feet with warm water on Friday.

The talmid is not allowed to speak up due to any fear. If he remains silent, he is in violation of this prohibition.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/was-the-mishkan-built-on-shabbos/2014/02/27/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: