web analytics
October 22, 2014 / 28 Tishri, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Home » Judaism » Parsha »

Who Did The Redemption?


Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

This column is dedicated to the refuah sheleimah of Shlomo Eliezer ben Chaya Sarah Elka.

In this week’s parshah the Torah tells us that the bechorim were replaced by the levi’im to serve in the Mikdash. The Torah says that there were 273 more bechorim than levi’im. Those bechorim could not simply be replaced, and had to be redeemed. Hashem told Moshe that each bechor should give five shekalim to Moshe, who, in turn, should give them to Aharon and his sons. With that, they would be redeemed.

The sefer, Yehuda Ya’aleh, comments on this episode. The Rivash and the Rema, in Shulchan Aruch Yoreh De’ah 305:10, rule that a father cannot appoint a shaliach to perform pidyon ha’ben. The Yehuda Ya’aleh says that it seems that there is an open parshah in the Torah – the parshah of pidyon bechorim – that says that one may appoint a shaliach to perform pidyon. In this parshah Moshe Rabbeinu served as a shaliach for the bechorim, having delivered the money to Aharon and his sons.

Although this parshah is discussing pidyon bechorim and not pidyon ha’ben, the two are comparable. In fact we learn several halachos from this parshah: from the pidyon of the bechorim to the halachos of pidyon ha’ben. For example, the Rambam says that we derive that the money of pidyon ha’ben can only be given to male kohanim – not to females. This results from a pasuk in this week’s parshah that is discussing the pidyon bechorim.

Another example of a halacha derived from the pidyon bechorim that is applied to pidyon ha’ben is that a baby can have a pidyon ha’ben before his bris (if his bris was pushed off until after he is 30 days old). We draw this from the fact that the bechorim in the midbar performed pidyon even though none had a bris milah.

Another point that the Yehuda Ya’aleh makes is on the Chasam Sofer. The Chasam Sofer quotes a Ran in Pesachim that explicitly says that one can appoint a shaliach to perform pidyon ha’ben. The Chasam Sofer says that this shaliach can only be a kohen or a yisrael. A levi cannot be a shaliach for pidyon ha’ben because in order for one to be a shaliach, he must be able to perform that action himself. So since a levi cannot perform pidyon ha’ben he cannot serve as a shaliach. The Yehuda Ya’aleh says that we should derive from this parshah that a levi can serve as a shaliach from the fact that Moshe Rabbeinu – who was a levi – served as a shaliach on behalf of the bechorim.

There is a machlokes whether the opinion of the Rivash and the Rema, who rule that one cannot become a shaliach, applies even if the shaliach is using the father’s money or only if he uses his own money. The Chasam Sofer opines that the Rivash would permit one to be the father’s shaliach if he uses the father’s money. Therefore, this question from Moshe Rabbeinu – who was a levi and served as a shaliach – is not as difficult, according to the Chasam Sofer himself, because Moshe used the money of the bechorim.

The Panim Yafos suggests that Moshe served as a shaliach only to deliver the money, not to perform the pidyon. The Rivash and the Rema only restricted the father from appointing a shaliach to perform the actual pidyon. However, they never restricted a father from sending the money with a shaliach if the father himself would actually recite the pidyon statement. Based on this, we must suggest that each bechor – individually – went to Aharon and his sons and recited the pidyon statement.

The Brisker Rav says that it is implicit from the pesukim that the bechorim were redeemed when they gave the money to Moshe Rabbeinu – before he gave it to Aharon and his sons. This is difficult to understand. How could the pidyon have been accomplished when the money got to Moshe’s hands? One cannot suggest that Moshe served as a shaliach of Aharon and his sons to accept the money because there is a halacha that one can only be a shaliach of the ba’al hamamon (one who owns the money).

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Who Did The Redemption?”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Newly elected Chief Rabbis of Jerusalem: Rav Shlomo Amar (L) and Rav Aryeh Stern (R).
2 New Chief Rabbis Elected for Jerusalem After 10-Yr Hiatus
Latest Judaism Stories
Noah and his Family; mixed media collage by Nathan Hilu. Courtesy Hebrew Union College Museum

Myth #1: It is easy to be a B’nai Noach. It is extraordinarily hard to be a B’nai Noach.

God-and the world

The creation of the world is described twice. Each description serves a unique purpose.

Questions-Answers-logo

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Lessons-in-Emunah-new

To the surprise of our protectzia-invested acquaintances, my family has thrived in our daled amos without that amenity, b’ezras Hashem.

Shimon started adjusting the branches on the roof. In doing so, a branch fell off the other side of the car and hit the side-view mirror, cracking it.

I, the one who is housed inside this body, am completely and utterly spiritual.

Should we sit in the sukkah on a day that may be the eighth day when we are not commanded to sit in the sukkah at all?

For Appearance’s Sake
‘Shammai Did Not Follow Their Own Ruling’
(Yevamos 13b 14a)

If one hurts another human being, God is hurt; if one brings joy to another, God is more joyous.

I’m grateful to Hashem for everything; Just the same, I’d love a joyous Yom Tov without aggravation.

Bereshit: Life includes hard choices that challenge our decisions, leaving lingering complications.

Rabbi Fohrman:” Great evils are often wrought by those who are blithely unaware of the power they wield.”

The emphasis on choice, freedom and responsibility is a most distinctive features of Jewish thought.

The Torah emphasizes the joy of Sukkot, for after a season of labor, we celebrate our prosperity.

The encounter with the timeless stability of the divine occurs within the Sukkot.

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Others suggest that one cannot separate Shabbos from Yom Kippur by accepting Shabbos early.

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

While women are exempt from actually learning Torah, they are obligated in a different aspect of the mitzvah.

The Chafetz Chaim answered that there are two forms of teshuvah; teshuvah m’ahava and teshuvah m’yirah.

Since it is a Rabbinic prohibition we may follow the more lenient opinion.

They ask, how can Rabbeinu Gershom forbid marrying more than one wife, when the Torah explicitly permits it in this parshah?

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

According to Rabbi Yishmael one was not permitted to eat such an animal prior to entering Eretz Yisrael, while according to Rabbi Akiva one was permitted to eat animals if he would perform nechirah.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/who-did-the-redemption/2013/05/09/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: