web analytics
May 29, 2015 / 11 Sivan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Home » Judaism » Parsha »

Zachor And Shamor

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

In this week’s parshah, Parshas Va’eschanan, we find the second set of the Asseres Hadibros. The fourth command in both sets is to keep Shabbos, but there are variations between the two. In Parshas Yisro, where the first set appears, the Torah writes “zachor es yom haShabbos l’kadesho. ” In this week’s parshah the Torah writes “shamor es yom haShabbos l’kadesho.”

The Gemara in Shavuos 20b says that Hashem actually said both of these pesukim at the same time. The Gemara says that this is a phenomenon, which a human cannot say – or even hear. The Gemara also derives from this that women are obligated in the mitzvah of Kiddush on Shabbos despite the fact that it is a mitzvas assei she’hazeman gramma. The mitzvah of Kiddush is derived from the pasuk of zachor, and the pasuk of shamor is the source for the lo sa’aseh of Shabbos. The Gemara says the fact that they were said at once teaches us that they are connected and therefore, anyone who is obligated in the lo sa’aseh of Shabbos – which includes women – is also obligated in the assei of Shabbos, namely to recite Kiddush.

The Ramban, in Parshas Yisro (20:8), asks: if Hashem said both of these pesukim, why were both not written in the luchos? He answers that perhaps both were written in the first set of luchos and that in the second set only zachor was written. And, the Ramban says, maybe Moshe explained that the mitzvah of shamor goes along with it.

The Rambam, in Hilchos Shabbos 30:1, says that there are four things said about Shabbos: two are from the Torah and two are midivrei sofrim that were explained by the nevi’im. The two from the Torah are zachor and shamor. The two that are midivrei sofrim are kavod and oneg Shabbos.

It is apparent from the Rambam that oneg and kavod Shabbos are not separate mitzvos; rather, they are connected to zachor and shamor. In other words, the mitzvah of zachor is not only to recite Kiddush over a cup of wine; it also includes all actions that honor and respect the sanctity of Shabbos. Through such actions one not only honors and respects Shabbos, but is also mekadeish the day as a day of honor. When one fulfills oneg Shabbos he also fulfills the mitzvah of zachor.

The Rambam says that in order to honor Shabbos, one must wash his hands, face, and feet with warm water on Friday. One must also wear clean clothing that differs from his weekday attire. Additionally, one should not conduct a seudah on Friday afternoon so that he enters Shabbos with an appetite. One must set his table in a different way from the way it was set before Shabbos, and he must clean his house for Shabbos. Lighting candles is also an obligation in order to be kavod Shabbos. And oneg Shabbos includes eating well on Shabbos.

We see from another halacha in the Rambam (Hilchos Shabbos 30:8) that the mitzvah of honoring Shabbos is not a separate mitzvah, but rather it is connected to the mitzvah of being mekadeish by separating Shabbos from the chol. The Rambam says that a very wealthy person who eats elegantly every day of the week must change something in his menu in order to make Shabbos special. If he cannot change his menu, he should eat at a different time.

It is evident from this halacha that the obligation to honor Shabbos requires one to act differently on Shabbos than the way he acts on all other days. As stated above, these requirements were explained by the nevi’im – but are a fulfillment of the Torah mitzvah of zachor.

About the Author: For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@gmail.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Zachor And Shamor”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.
Israel Envisions Regional Cooperation with Arab Nations
Latest Judaism Stories
Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

Why did so many of our great sages from the Rambam to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein live outside Israel?

Daf-Yomi-logo

Casting A Doubt
‘Shall We Say [They] Are Not Valid?’
(Nedarim 5a-7a)

Lessons-in-Emunah-new

I was about six years old at the time and recall that very special occasion so well.

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Why was Samson singled out as the only Shofet required to be a nazir from cradle to grave?

“What do you mean?” asked the secretary. “We already issued a ruling and closed the case.”

Tosafos suggests several answers as to how a minor can own an item, m’d’Oraisa.

This week’s video discusses the important connection between the Priestly Blessing and parenting.

Many of us simply don’t get the need for the Torah to list the exact same gift offering, 12 times!

There is a great debate as to whether this story actually took place or is simply a metaphor, a prophetic vision shown to Hoshea by Hashem.

Every person is presented with moments when he/she must make difficult decisions about how to proceed.

One does not necessarily share the opinions of one’s brother. One may disapprove of his actions, values, and/or beliefs. However, with brothers there is a bond of love and caring that transcends all differences.

This Shavuot let’s give G-d a gift too: Let’s make this year different by doing just 1 more mitzvah

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if […]

God and the divine origin of His Torah are facts even though we do not fully comprehend them.

More Articles from Rabbi Raphael Fuchs
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

Tosafos suggests several answers as to how a minor can own an item, m’d’Oraisa.

Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

The question is: What about pidyon haben? Can one give the five sela’im required for pidyon haben to a kohen’s daughter?

The mitzvah that parents must give their son a bris milah is a mitzvah that they must perform for someone else – namely their son.

The Bach writes that he mentioned his insights to many of the leading gedolim and no one disproved him.

The Bais Halevi answers that we must properly define what is considered to be “in the middle of a mitzvah.”

In this case one could reason that by applying halach achar harov we could permit the forbidden bird as well.

Why would it not be sufficient to simply state lehoros from which we derive that in such a state one may not issue any psak?

The Netziv answered that there is a difference between a piece of bread that was cut already in front of you, and one that was cut from beforehand.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/parsha/zachor-and-shamor/2014/08/07/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: