Vol. LXIV No. 8 5773
New York City
CANDLE LIGHTING TIME
February 22, 2013 – 12 Adar 5773
5:19 p.m. NYC E.S.T.
Sabbath Ends: 6:26 p.m. NYC E.S.T.
Sabbath Ends: Rabbenu Tam 6:51 p.m. E.S.T
Weekly Reading: Tetzaveh
Weekly Haftara: Koh Amar Hashem (I Samuel 15:2-34 for Ashkenazim; 15:1-34 for Sepharadim)
Daf Yomi: Shabbos 142
Mishna Yomit: Bava Kama 3:5-6
Halacha Yomit: Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayyim 199:6-8
Rambam Yomi: Hilchos Teshuva chap. 5-6
Earliest time for Tallis and Tefillin: 5:50 a.m. NYC E.S.T.
Sunrise: 6:40 a.m. NYC E.S.T
Latest Kerias Shema: 9:24 a.m. NYC E.S.T.
Plag HaMincha: 4:31 p.m. NYC E.S.T.
Sunset: 5:39 p.m. NYC E.S.T.
This Shabbos is Parashas Zachor. At Shacharis some recite Yotzros in the Reader’s Repetition. We take out two Torah scrolls from the Ark. In the first we read the weekly Parasha of Tetzaveh and call up seven Aliyos. For Maftir we read from the second scroll in Parashas Ki Tetzei, from “Zachor” until the end of the Parasha. This Keriah is DeOraisa. We do not say Hazkaras Neshamos and Av HaRachamim and we do not say Tzidkas’cha at Mincha.
Motza’ei Shabbos – Saturday evening is Purim – Usual Maariv prayer, Ata Chonanta. In the Shemoneh Esreh, Al Hanissim is added after Modim, before Ve’al Kulam. (We also add Al Hanissim in Birkas Hamazon on Purim). Following the Shemoneh Esreh, the chazzan says Kaddish Shalem with Tiskabbel. We then take the Scroll of Esther which we brought to Shul before Shabbos. The Ba’al Keriah spreads out his Megillah completely, folding it over and over, and he recites the three blessings: Al Mikra Megillah, She’asa Nissim, and Shehecheyanu. At the conclusion of the reading the Ba’al Keriah says “Harav es rivenu,” the congregation then says Asher Heini and Shoshanas Yaakov, followed by Kaddish Shalem (no Tiskabbel) and Aleinu.
Sunday morning, Shacharis – As at night, we add Al Hanissim in the Shemoneh Esreh. In the repetition we say Krovetz le’Purim, no Tachanum, half- Kaddish. We take out a Torah scroll from the Ark and we call up three aliyos. We read from “Vayavo Amalek” in Parashas BeShalach until the end of the Parasha, followed by half-Kaddish. After returning the Torah scroll to the Ark we again take out the Megillah and the Ba’al Keriah recites the same three blessings he said at Maariv. It is also customary to announce that all should have in mind, during the recitation of Shehecheyanu, the other mitzvos of Purim – mishlo’ach manos and Se’udas Purim. (See Mishna Berura, Orach Chayyim 692:1.) We read the Megillah (we do not remove the tefillin until we conclude the Tefilla). At the conclusion of the reading, the Ba’al Keriah says “Harav es rivenu” and the congregation then says Shoshanas Yaakov. We send mishlo’ach manos – two portions to at least one person (preferably readily edible foods). We give matanos la’evyonim – a minimum of one gift to each of two poor people, but one who gives more is praised. At Mincha we also add Al Hanissim. The Se’udas Purim must start while it is still day. We set a festive table with fish, meat and wine. Even if the Se’uda concludes at night, we say Al Hanissim in Birkas Hamazon. Monday is Shushan Purim, no Tachanun or Lamenatze’ach.
The following chapters of Tehillim are being recited by many congregations and Yeshivos for our brothers and sisters in Eretz Yisrael: Chapter 83, 130, 142. – Y.K.