web analytics
November 26, 2014 / 4 Kislev, 5775
At a Glance
News & Views
Sponsored Post
IDC Herzliya Campus A Day on Campus

To mark IDC Herzliya’s 20th anniversary, we spent a day following Prof. Uriel Reichman, IDC’s founder and president, and Jonathan Davis, VP for External Relations, around its delightful campus.



Rare 1,500-Year-Old Wine Press and Church Model found in Israel

The ancient port of Ashkelon was a key point for trading Israeli wine. Archaeologists have unearthed a huge wine press and rare ceramic church model near the city’s old highway.
Ceramic model of church unearthed near Ashkelon

Ceramic model of church unearthed near Ashkelon
Photo Credit: Clara Amit: IAA

Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) have unearthed a huge wine press and a ceramic model of a church dating back to the 5th and 6th centuries, the early-Byzantine period.

The huge wine press, the size of a football field, consists of three components, IAA archaeologist Dr. Rina Avner explained.

“A large treading floor paved with ceramic tiles was discovered in the center in which there is a press bed of a screw used to press grapes. Three vats into which the must flowed were revealed along the western side of the treading floor. The collecting vats were carefully designed with slots in their sides that allowed the liquid to flow in a controlled manner and they were treated with hydraulic plaster so as to prevent the must from seeping into the ground.”

The wine was fermented and made into quality wine through the use of compartments around the treading floor. In the second stage the grape remnants were pressed a second time by means of the screw situated in the center of the treading floor, from which plain wine was prepared that was referred to in rabbinic sources as paupers’ wine, she added.

The ceramic model of a church was a rare archaeological discovery and was unearthed near the wine press.

“This object is a kind of clay box that has an accentuated and decorated opening in its broad side,” said Dr. Avner.

“Floral decorations and crosses appear on the other three sides. The roof of the model is fashioned in the shape of a sloped tile roof, and in its four corners are four decorative knobs meant to accentuate the corners. On the top of the roof a large loop handle, also flanked by crosses, was attached for holding or suspending the object. The variety of decorations and building-like features of the object suggest this is a miniature model of a church.”

The model is one of several objects that were used as ritual objects that were hung or placed inside buildings. An oil lamp inserted into it through the decorated opening illuminated the inside of the model.

“Since the crosses also served as narrow openings, the light was disseminated via them and shadows of crosses were projected onto the walls of the building where the object was placed,” she said.

About the Author:


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Rare 1,500-Year-Old Wine Press and Church Model found in Israel”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
President Obama overlaid against photo of Jonathan Pollard.
The Hidden Reason the United States Won’t Release Pollard.
Latest News Stories

The terrorist’s wife will now have to return to the Palestinian Authority, following the decision by Interior Minister Gilad Erdan.

A look inside the IAF war room

The IDF says it will change its policies on soldiers who grow beards for religious reasons.

Riot Hundreds of masked Palestinians carry the body of 16-year-old Palestinian Mohamed Abu Khdeir during his funeral in the Arab neighborhood of Shuafat flash 90

The proposal includes some extreme measures to fight the current wave of terrorism.

The Kinneret rose 3.5 centimeters overnight due to the heavy rainstorm that hit the country.

The father-son team recently gave a check to the family of Druze policeman Zidan Saif for his role in stopping the Har Nof Massacre.

The police fought hard to not have it revealed that Netanel Arami was murdered in a Petach Tikva terror attack, but now a court has lifted the gag order…

The three were walking along the side of the highway when the accident happened.

A device, a gas canister with wires, was left near the Shavei Shomron intersection this morning, designed to look like a bomb.

The ISIS ‘prince’ of Iraq’s Anbar province was killed in a US-led coalition air strike Wednesday.

The Ferguson-related unrest continued across America Tuesday night. Some blamed Israel.

Israeli MK Yuli Edelstein tells Chabad rabbis why he “lost it” over tefillin in a Soviet labor camp.

Turkish legislator proposes Turkey pass law naming Israel a terrorist state.

ISIS reportedly executes by stoning two allegedly gay males in Syria.

World Council of Arameans Now “Looks Specifically to Turkey, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon”

Young Israeli women arrive at the Malcha Mall in Jerusalem to donate their hair to create wigs for cancer patients at a fundraiser arranged by “Zichron Menachem”, the Israeli Association for the Support of Children with Cancer and their Families (November 24, 2014). All photos by Gershon Elinson/Flash90

More Articles from Jewish Press Staff

Dmitri Diliani, a spokesperson for Fatah in Jerusalem and a member of the Fatah Revolutionary Council, had taken issue with Klein’s characterization of recent violence in Jerusalem as being instigated by the Palestinians.

This video from RT was taken as victims were being evacuated from the Har Nof synagogue where Arabs terrorists from eastern Jerusalem axed, knifed and shot to death four Jews while they were praying.

“The Mohammed who stole Christmas – and Yom Kippur.”

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/rare-1500-year-old-wine-press-and-church-model-found-in-israel/2013/04/08/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: