web analytics
December 28, 2014 / 6 Tevet, 5775
 
At a Glance
News & Views
Sponsored Post
8000 meals Celebrate Eight Days of Chanukah – With 8,000 Free Meals Daily to Israel’s Poor

Join Meir Panim’s campaign to “light up” Chanukah for families in need.



Rare 1,500-Year-Old Wine Press and Church Model found in Israel

The ancient port of Ashkelon was a key point for trading Israeli wine. Archaeologists have unearthed a huge wine press and rare ceramic church model near the city’s old highway.
Ceramic model of church unearthed near Ashkelon

Ceramic model of church unearthed near Ashkelon
Photo Credit: Clara Amit: IAA

Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) have unearthed a huge wine press and a ceramic model of a church dating back to the 5th and 6th centuries, the early-Byzantine period.

The huge wine press, the size of a football field, consists of three components, IAA archaeologist Dr. Rina Avner explained.

“A large treading floor paved with ceramic tiles was discovered in the center in which there is a press bed of a screw used to press grapes. Three vats into which the must flowed were revealed along the western side of the treading floor. The collecting vats were carefully designed with slots in their sides that allowed the liquid to flow in a controlled manner and they were treated with hydraulic plaster so as to prevent the must from seeping into the ground.”

The wine was fermented and made into quality wine through the use of compartments around the treading floor. In the second stage the grape remnants were pressed a second time by means of the screw situated in the center of the treading floor, from which plain wine was prepared that was referred to in rabbinic sources as paupers’ wine, she added.

The ceramic model of a church was a rare archaeological discovery and was unearthed near the wine press.

“This object is a kind of clay box that has an accentuated and decorated opening in its broad side,” said Dr. Avner.

“Floral decorations and crosses appear on the other three sides. The roof of the model is fashioned in the shape of a sloped tile roof, and in its four corners are four decorative knobs meant to accentuate the corners. On the top of the roof a large loop handle, also flanked by crosses, was attached for holding or suspending the object. The variety of decorations and building-like features of the object suggest this is a miniature model of a church.”

The model is one of several objects that were used as ritual objects that were hung or placed inside buildings. An oil lamp inserted into it through the decorated opening illuminated the inside of the model.

“Since the crosses also served as narrow openings, the light was disseminated via them and shadows of crosses were projected onto the walls of the building where the object was placed,” she said.

About the Author:


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Rare 1,500-Year-Old Wine Press and Church Model found in Israel”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
A clip from"How to Stab a Jew," the latest hit on Arab social media.
‘How to Stab a Jew’ Going Viral on Palestinian Authority Social Media [video]
Latest News Stories

A large hole was cut in the security fence.

Carjacking on 55

A man got out of the car of the passenger’s side of the car and tried to get into the Jewish woman’s vehicle…

Hamas with Guided Missile

Hamas shows off how it’s rebuilding (in) Gaza.

Israeli ZIM containers at Syrian port.

Where is the Boycott Movement when we need them?

Naughty or nice, Terrorist Santa slides down your chimney to blow up your family.

An IDF helicopter evacuated a six-month-old baby to Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem Saturday morning after the child suffered an apparent heart attack while on the way to Jordan for medical care. Israeli border officials saw the baby collapse and called paramedics, who in turn sent an urgent call for a military helicopter. Magen David medics […]

Firemen were surprised to see what caused the fire.

The South Carolina senator is another Republican thinking about running to succeed Obama

Arab terrorists have released a “How to kill a Jew” video, and its going viral.

North Korea and Obama are engaged in escalating threats and both are sniping at Sony.

The condition of Ayala Shapira has slightly improved, but her life still is in danger.

Bullet holes in an identifiably Jewish-owned building Friday morning makes this the third such attack on Jews in Paris this week.

Defense Minister Yaalon told Ruth Shapira that the terrorists were caught last night by IDF forces.

The early warning Code Red siren sounded shortly before noon Friday in the area of Netiv Asara and Kibbutz Yad Mordechai, sending residents to bomb shelters. The “rocket” apparently was rifle fire from Gaza. Residents also have reported they have heard sounds of tunnels being built underground.

Gov. Mike Pence celebrated Christmas in Israel and staked his credentials for a possible run at the presidency.

More Articles from Jewish Press Staff
ring and heart

United Synagogue Youth teen board members are told ban is lifted on dating non-Jews, but “important” to date within the faith.

Rosenblatt and several Jewish residents of the neighborhood visited the station on the seventh night of Chanukah to show their support after the murder Saturday of two police officers in neighboring Bedford-Stuyvesant.

The question now is this definite proof that Jews lived in the ancient settlement near Carmel?

Join Meir Panim’s campaign to “light up” Chanukah for families in need.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/rare-1500-year-old-wine-press-and-church-model-found-in-israel/2013/04/08/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: