web analytics
July 24, 2014 / 26 Tammuz, 5774
Israel at War: Operation Protective Edge
 
 
At a Glance
News & Views
Sponsored Post
IDC Advocacy Room IDC Fights War on Another Front

Student Union opens ‘hasbara’ room in effort to fill public diplomacy vacuum.



World Oldest Torah Identified in Italy from 11-12th Century

Babylonian script in a Torah scroll provided a key clue to realizing that an Italian Torah previously thought to be three centuries old actually is the world oldest Torah, dating back to the 11th or 12 century.
By:
An ancient Torah scroll (illustrative).

An ancient Torah scroll (illustrative).
Photo Credit:

A Torah scroll thought to be the oldest in the world has been identified in the library of the University of Bologna.

The parchment scroll, slightly more than 118 feet long and 25 inches high, previously had been wrongly catalogued when experts estimated its age at about 350 years.

“Instead, ‘Roll 2′ was copied in a period between the second half of the 12th and the early 13th century (1155-1225) and is therefore the most ancient complete Hebrew scroll of the Torah known today,” according to a university statement.

The age of the Torah scroll was authenticated by “the textual, graphic and paleographic examination of the scroll,” as well as by two carbon-14 tests, carried out at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Despite the library’s previous determination that the Torahs scroll was written in the 17th century, Hebrew University Prof. Mauro Perani, who is working on catalogue of Judaica at the Italian university,  noted that the script was in the oriental Babylonian tradition. Furthermore, the Torah script included certain features that did not follow the rules laid down by Maimonides, the Rambam.

“I immediately thought it was much older,” he said, because the Rambam had banned some of its letters and styles in the 12th century.

The Torah scroll had been misdated when it was included in the first catalogue of the library’s Hebrew manuscripts, made in 1889.

It is not known how or when the scroll was acquired by the library, but the university’s statement said it was “very likely” to have been acquired in the 19th century “after Napoleon’s suppression of monastic and religious orders.”

Prof. Perani added, “The scroll is very rare because when manuscripts spoil they lose their holiness and can no longer be used. They are then buried. The state of conservation is excellent.”

Fragments of the Torah have been found from the 7th century, but complete text has been identified as being as old as the on in Italy.

About the Author:


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

Please use the Facebook Tab below to leave your comment:

One Response to “World Oldest Torah Identified in Italy from 11-12th Century”

  1. Tim Upham says:

    They know it predates Maimonides, but was it actually written in Babylonia?

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Loading Facebook Comments ...
Loading Disqus Comments ...
Current Top Story
UNRWA bags once had wheat -- Hamas now uses them to hide evidence of digging. Where did they get them ... Friends of the IDF photo - FB
Netanyahu Regrets Gaza Casualties, But Operation Continues
Latest News Stories
IDF soldiers in and around a Hamas terror tunnel they discovered.

The IDF has reportedly stabilized its lines and is now focusing on mapping out and destroying the terror tunnels they have uncovered.

UNHRC High Commissioner Navi Pillay is calling for an investigation of Israel's military actions in Gaza. (archive photo)

UNHRC High Commissioner Navi Pillay accuses the IDF of possible war crimes in Gaza again, cutting slack to Hamas.

UNRWA bags once had wheat -- Hamas now uses them to hide evidence of digging. Where did they get them ... Friends of the IDF photo - FB

Hamas terrorists are counting on human shields as ammunition against Israel. It won’t stop the IDF, Netanyahu says.

M75 missile slammed into Ashdod home, crashing through ceiling into the balcony - but did not explode. Family was in apartment's shelter room and remained safe. July 21, 2014.

The Iron Dome team was busy Thursday with a dozen missiles fired at metro Tel Aviv.

IDF troops destroyed another 34 targets overnight, totaling 3,400 terrorist targets hit in Operation Protective Edge so far.

A law is on the table to strip parliamentarians of their status and citizenship if they back and endorse terrorism — as Balad MK Hanin Zoabi has.

12:30pm Netivot, Kfar Maimon and surrounds 11:35am Sderot and surrounds 11:18am metro Tel Aviv, Ramat Hasharon, Herzliya 10:59am Bnei Brak, Ramat Gan, Bat Yam, Holon, Elad, Petach Tikvah, metro Tel Aviv 10:58am Gan Sorek, Rishon Lezion, Ramat Hasharon, Ra’ana, Shfela, Gush Dan Hod Hasharon, Rosh Ha’Ayin, Kiryat Ono 8:03 am Ashkelon coastal region, Sha’ar HaNegev […]

Last night, the FAA lifted their travel ban on flights to Israel.

Sen Ted Cruz wants the administration to give straight answers to questions about the FAA ban on Israel.

Why is the ban on Israel’s airport different from all other FAA bans?

Abbas adopts Hamas as peace partner, big brave Kerry scurries out of Israel despite FAA ban and Mashaal goes off his rocker.

Yet again, non-anti-Semitic ‘pro-Palestinian’ demonstrators can’t quite seem to break free of anti-Semitic jargon.

Tomer Sargon of Netivot heard that IDF soldiers haven’t been able to bath in days, for lack of water and showering facilities out in the field. So he took it upon himself to help, by driving down to the Gaza border with a truck filled with huge water containers, just so the soldiers could have […]

Hundreds of Arabs gathered near Kever Rachel (Rachel’s Tomb in Bethlehem) Wednesday to attack IDF soldiers with stones and firebombs. Riots were also reported in Beit Omar, near Hebron.

More Articles from JTA

A chief rabbi of the Netherlands said unidentified individuals hurled stones at his home in what he said was the second anti-Semitic attack on him in a week. Rabbi Binyomin Jacobs said the latest attack took place at 5 a.m. Thursday, when two stones were hurled through a window of his home in Amersfoort. An earlier incident outside his home […]

Wave of anti-Semitic graffiti, physical attacks spreads, this time to University of Oregon

Police in Berlin say about 1,000 demonstrators, most of them Palestinian, held an unregistered march protesting Israel’s actions in Gaza. Up to ten demonstrators were arrested for breach of the peace and for trying to forcibly free others already arrested in Saturday’s melee, a police spokesperson said. Rocks were thrown during the disturbance and a police officer was struck but […]

Leftists talk “peace” in Tel Aviv, but Arab family won’t accept condolence visit from Peres

38 year old man beaten with metal bars; Third of Malmö residents from Muslim-majority countries

A Jewish-Muslim family from Syria escaped from the country’s civil war to Israel.

From Australia to Argentina, Jewish communities mourn latest Palestinian atrocity.

    Latest Poll

    Do you think the FAA ban on US flights to Israel is political?






    View Results

    Loading ... Loading ...

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/world-oldest-torah-identified-in-italy-from-11-12th-century/2013/05/29/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: