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October 2, 2014 / 8 Tishri, 5775
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Jewish Agricultural Colonies In America (Part II)

“With the approach of spring, however, things turned for the worse. The colonists began to complain of the heat; they were disappointed that their wives could not join them; malaria began its ravages; and to top it all the Mississippi River rose and swept away practically everything. The New Orleans community was willing to continue its aid, but the colonists were discouraged.

“Most of the colonists scattered, abandoning everything they had left to take up peddling and factory work….”[iv]

 


 

[i] “The Russian Jews in America” by George M. Price (translated by Leo Shpall), Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, AJHS Journal, 48, Sep. 1958 -Jun. 1959.

[ii] “Jewish Agricultural Colonies as Reported in the Pages of the Russian Hebrew Press” by Joel S. Gefen, American Jewish Historical Quarterly, AJHS Journal, 60, Sep.1970-Jan. 1971.

[iii] “Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the United States,” page 129

[iv] Ibid., pages 130-131

About the Author: Dr. Yitzchok Levine served as a professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey before retiring in 2008. He now teaches as an adjunct at Stevens. Glimpses Into American Jewish History appears the first week of each month. Dr. Levine can be contacted at llevine@stevens.edu.


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“Attuned to the ideal of establishing a new Zion in free America, they named their new colony Palestine.

Last month’s column outlined some efforts during the first half of the nineteenth century to establish Jewish agricultural colonies in America. In only one case was a colony actually established.

There were very few Jewish farmers in Europe during the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Indeed, in many parts of Europe Jews were forbidden to own land. Despite this there were some Jews who always felt they should return to the agrarian way of life their forefathers had pursued in ancient times, and that America was an ideal place to establish Jewish agricultural colonies.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/sections/magazine/glimpses-ajh/jewish-agricultural-colonies-in-america-part-ii/2014/03/05/

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