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August 31, 2014 / 5 Elul, 5774
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Mitzpeh Bikat HaYarden

Littman-011714-Gate

About a 20-25-minute drive from Jerusalem, traveling on Highway One, you can see Mount Sartabah on the left. In ancient times, Beis Din used to notify the people that the new month had been sanctified by lighting mesuos (torches) on the different mountain tops (Rosh Hashanah 2:2). Mount Sartabah is the second mountain in the list of major mountains along the route where these burning torches were lit and waved (ibid 2:4).Littman-011714-Gun

Mitzpeh Habikah is located in the proximity of Sartabah. It is opposite a group of Jewish settlements: Petza’el, Gilgal, Argaman, and Mehola built on land that belonged to Jordan before 1967. This mitzpeh, or outlook, is a memorial to soldiers who fell during the “Mirdafim” (Pursuits) that took place in the area for about three years after the Six-Day War.

Littman-011714-PlaqueAfter 1967, numerous Arab refugees lived along the newly formed border between Israel and Jordan.  From among these groups, terrorists would infiltrate Israel by sneaking though the wadis and hiding in the many caves in the Jordan Valley area. From these hideouts, they conducted guerrilla warfare and outrageous acts of violence. Often, the terrorists would use Arab women and children as decoys to escape detection by Israeli troops. Other times they would attach animal hooves under their shoes so that the IDF would not realize that people had entered the country. Or they would wear their shoes backwards so their footprints would mix up the Jewish soldiers.

During that time period, the motto in the IDF was “Acharai,” meaning the commanding officer went in front of his troops. It is for this reason many of the names on the white memorial wall at the site are those of high-ranking officers, for as they led their troops to capture the enemy, they were the first to be wounded or killed. It was soon after that it was mandated for the troop commander to stay behind his platoon. This ensured that the “brainpower” of the group would be available to continue the fray.

Most times, after such an “incident” the Israeli planes would bomb the nearby Jordanian fields.Littman-011714-Cave

King Hussein (1935–1999), dubbed the father of modern Jordan, realized that these terrorist infiltrations into Israel were ruining his economy, so he decided to put an end to them. In September 1970 he started hunting down the members of the Palestinian guerrilla organizations in his territory. The terrorists were so frightened of the king that 40 of them requested asylum in … Israel.

The conflict ended when Hussein expelled the PLO to Lebanon. From that point on, Israel had to contend with terrorists in the north, as Yirmiyahu proclaims, “From the north, evil will come.” It is important to know that although we speak of modern Jordan, there never was an ancient Jordan. Jordan is a political entity, created by Britain in 1922.

The memorial at this site was the idea of Rechavam “Gandhi” Ze’evi. (After Ze’evi was killed by the PFLP in 2001, Road 90 was renamed Gandhi Road in his memory.) The artist Igal Tomarkin created the sculpture out of weapon parts.

Standing at the top of the memorial lookout at the Bikat HaYarden, one takes in an awesome view: Jordan can be seen in the far distance, with Mount Moav and Mount Edom behind it. The eastern edges of the Shomron are also visible. One can also see deer and other wildlife in the area.

Littman-011714-StonesWest of Highway 90 is the winding, scenic route, Road No. 458 that goes up to Maale Efraim and crosses the desert and reaches Kfar Adumim. Called Kvish Alon or Derech Eretz HaMirdafim (the Land of Pursuits Way), on this road one can clearly see the hideaway caves in which the terrorists hid.

At one point, Yigal Alon (1918 – 1980) wanted to return part of the Bikah to Jordan. In anticipation of his plans, this road was paved. This highway was supposed to be the border between Israel and Jordan.

Alon was an Israeli political and military figure of the Ahdut HaAvoda party (one of the main forerunners of the modern-day Israeli Labor Party). In April 1969, when Levi Eshkol died, Alon temporarily replaced him. However, Alon held this office less than a month, as Golda Meir was persuaded to return to political life and become prime minister in March 1969.  

About the Author: Originally from south Africa, Vardah has been living in Eretz Yisrael since 1974 and the more she learns about our glorious Holy Land the more she gets to love this prime property that Hashem has given to the Jewish People. She is studying to be a tour guide and hopes with the help of Hashem, through this column to give readers a small taste of the land. Rimonah Traub is a photographer/writer living in Modi’in, Israel. She is originally from South Africa and immigrated to Israel in 1994.


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More Articles from Vardah Littman and Rimonah Traub
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This mitzpeh, or outlook, is a memorial to soldiers who fell during the “Mirdafim” (Pursuits) that took place in the area for about three years after the Six-Day War.

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The bronze, four and a half meter high Menorat HaKnesset stands in the Menorah Plaza by the main entrance to Gan HaVradim. This impressive menorah, in the shape of that which appears in the Arch of Titus, was created by Jewish sculptor Benno Elkan of England. It was given in 1956 by the English parliament as a gift to the State of Israel.

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