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December 8, 2016 / 8 Kislev, 5777

Posts Tagged ‘Al Aqsa Mosque’

Ancient Arabic Inscription Identifies the Dome of the Rock with the Jewish Temple [video]

Tuesday, November 1st, 2016

A team of archaeologists revealed the existence of a 1000-year-old text, dated to the beginning of the Islamic era, which indicates that the Muslims perceived the Dome of the Rock as a reestablishment of the earlier Jewish Temple. They referred to it as “Bayt al-maqdis” in the inscription, which derives from the biblical Hebrew terminology as ‘Beit Hamikdash’, known as the Hebrew reference to the Holy Temple. This unique find is located in the central mosque at the village of Nuba, next to the city of Hebron. Its significance lies in the fact that it is dated to the early Islamic Period, and it sheds light on the sanctification process of Jerusalem and especially of the Temple Mount to the Muslems.

The text on the rock quotes:

“In the name of Allah, the merciful God This territory, Nuba, and all its boundaries and its entire area, is an endowment to the Rock of Bayt al-Maqdis and the al-Aqsa Mosque, as it was dedicated by the Commander of the Faithful, ̒Umar iben al-Khattab for the sake of Allah the Almighty”

The village of Nuba is mentioned in the inscription text as an endowment to the Rock of Bayt al-Maqdis [The Holy Temple] and the al-Aqsa Mosque. The text also notes that the one who did the dedication was ̒Umar iben al-Khattab, the Arab ruler who conquered Jerusalem from the Byzantines in 638 AD.

Assaf Avraham and Peretz Reuven, the archeologists who presented the existence of the inscription last week in the Conference on ‘New studies in the archaeology of Jerusalem and its region’ that was held at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, pointed out that this text is, in fact, testimony that at least one of the names of the Dome of the Rock in the first centuries of Islam was “Bayt al-Maqdis” which preserves the Hebrew name “Beyt ha-Miqdash” (literally the “House of Sanctuary”).

“The choice to use the name ‘Bayt al-Maqdis’ was not original,” says Assaf Avraham. “Using this name derived from the deep influence of Jewish tradition on the development of Islam in its earliest days.” In an article that was published in the Conference pamphlet, early evidence was presented in the form of quotes by Moslem believers who, it appears, entered and prayed within a place of worship at the Temple Mount, which was named “Bayt al-Maqdis” For example:

“I would regularly pray with Ibn-Dahar in Bayt al-Maqdis, when he entered, he used to remove his shoes.” “Anyone who comes to Bayt al-Maqdiss only for the sake of praying inside it – is cleansed of all his sins.” “I entered Bayt al-Maqdis and saw a man taking longer than usual for his bows.” “The rock that is in Bayt al-Maqdis is the center of the entire universe.”

“Early Islamic literature shows that religious rituals were conducted within the Dome of the Rock at the beginning of the Islamic era” says Assaf; “These rituals were inspired by ancient traditions which took place within The Biblical Temple as is documented in the bible and in ancient Jewish literature”. An ancient Muslim source describes and stresses this point:

“Every Monday and Thursday morning the attendants enter the bath house to wash and purify themselves. They take off their clothes and put on a garment made of silk brocade embroidered with figures, and fasten tightly the girdle embellished with gold around their waists. And they rub the Rock over with perfume. Then the incense is put in censers of gold and silver. The gate-keepers lower the curtains so that the incense encircles the Rock entirely and the scent clings to it.”

These well documented and detailed procedures bear similarities to rituals that were practiced in the Jewish Temple, and were probably derived from them.

The Nuba inscription implies that the building of the Dome of the Rock marks the re-construction of the biblical Holy Temple, in essence, one of the most significant acts in the early history of Islam, a new world view that asked to glorify Jerusalem’s position as the world’s religious center for Islam.

When cross-referenced with other Muslim traditional literature of the time, it becomes clear that the Dome of the Rock’s structure was named Bayt Al-Maqdis in which prayers were conducted traditionally. It was the holiest structure within the Temple Mount and it was perceived as a renewed temple.

This unique revelation bears importance and relevance today considering Unesco’s latest resolution which ignores the Jewish affinity to the Temple mount.

Video of the Day

Ancient Muslim Inscription Confirms Dome of the Rock’s Jewish Temple Origin

Friday, October 28th, 2016

The ninth annual conference on archaeological discoveries in Jerusalem and its environs that was held at the Hebrew University this week revealed the existence of an ancient Muslim inscription testifying to the fact that the original name of the Dome of the Rock, Qubbat al-Sakhrah, was “Beit al Maqdis” بيت المقدس — “Beit Hamikdash” in Hebrew, aka the Jewish Temple — during the early Muslim era, Makor Rishon reported Friday.

According to archaeologists Assaf Avraham and Peretz Reuven, the inscription is dated to the 10th century CE, about a thousand years ago. It is located above a mihrab-prayer niche inside an active mosque in the village of Nuba, located seven miles north-west of Hebron. It is unknown when it was placed there, but it certainly throws a fresh light on the process by which Jerusalem became holy to the Muslims and the inspiration that Islam drew from Jewish sources regarding the holiness of the Temple Mount compound and the Jewish temple that once stood at the spot where today stands the Dome of the Rock shrine.

"In the name of Allah, the merciful God This territory, Nuba, and all its boundaries and its entire area, is an endowment to the Rock of Bayt al-Maqdis and the al-Aqsa Mosque, as it was dedicated by the Commander of the Faithful, ̒Umar iben al-Khattab for the sake of Allah the Almighty"

“In the name of Allah, the merciful God
This territory, Nuba, and all its boundaries
and its entire area, is an endowment to the Rock
of Bayt al-Maqdis and the al-Aqsa Mosque,
as it was dedicated by the Commander of the Faithful, ̒Umar iben al-Khattab for the sake of Allah the Almighty”
Photo by: Assaf Avraham

Participants in the Jerusalem conference were particularly excited by this revelation in light of two recent UNESCO resolutions which disavowed any connection between Jewish history and the Temple Mount. One participant reminded the forum that the Mufti of Jerusalem already admitted that the Dome of the Rock stands on the same spot as Solomon’s Temple, “but here we have an archaeological find that proves it,” he said.

According to both researchers, in the early Muslim era the Dome of the Rock was the site of worship services that were influenced by the ceremonies of the Jerusalem Temple: cleansing, incense, anointing the Foundation Stone with oil and surrounding it with curtains inspired by the divine parochet. The shrine, built around the Foundation Stone, just like the two Jewish Temples, was completed in 691 CE, by an architect named Yazid Ibn Salam, who was either Jewish himself or had Jewish aides.

There is a theory that Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik originally had the Dome of the Rock built as a shrine for the Jews, while Al Aqsa, the mosque on the southern end of the Temple Mount, was built for Muslims.

There is a trend where Muslims have recently begun referring to the entire Temple Mount compound, which they also call al-Haram ash-Sharif (“The Noble Compound”), as Al Aqsa.

David Israel

Holding Up Ancient ‘Jerusalem’ Papyrus, Netanyahu Condemns UNESCO’s ‘Scandalous’ Resolution

Thursday, October 27th, 2016

Speaking Wednesday at the dedication of the Adelson School of Entrepreneurship at IDC Herzliya, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu connected the announcement of a rare, First Temple era Hebrew language papyrus that mentions the name Jerusalem, with the second UNESCO resolution this month that contradicted the Jewish history of the eternal city as well as the fact that two Jewish temples had stood on the compound now taken up by the Al Aqsa mosque.

As we reported earlier, Israel’s Ambassador to the United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Carmel Shama Hacohen, was recalled to Jerusalem “for consultations.”

The following are the PM’s comments at the Wednesday event.

“Today, the UNESCO Heritage Committee passed a decision which caused disappointment among the Palestinians and several Arab countries. It was supposed to be passed unanimously, by consensus, because the UNESCO Secretary General said that if it was not passed unanimously, then the decision would not be implemented. I would like to thank the leaders of Tanzania and Croatia for demanding a vote. I spoke with them and I very much appreciate their willingness to take a stand there. Because it reached a vote, it will not be implemented, because it was not unanimous.

“Eleven out of the 21 countries that are members of the Heritage Committee, as they call it, did not support the vote. For Israel, this is a significant result because one year ago, with a membership that was much more comfortable for us, we received a result that was not as good. Countries such as Germany, Japan, India and Colombia left and all kinds of other countries, which are familiar to you entered: Lebanon, more Arab countries, Angola, Zimbabwe, etc., etc., and with a membership that was not as good we came out with a better result. This advances what I have been telling you, and what I told the UN, is happening, that Israel’s bilateral relations will also – in the end – be reflected in international forums even though this will take time. It takes time and a little help from above. I said that it would take ten years, in my mind less than ten years, to break the automatic majority in UN institutions, especially of the bloc of African countries, 54 countries. The decisive majority will go from opposing Israel to supporting Israel. This process is happening and it is also expressed in today’s vote. The change that is taking place is finding expression here. I would like to thank the personnel at the Foreign Ministry, the National Security Council and our UNESCO embassy, who assisted me in my talks with the various leaders.

“Of course, we are trying to change the reality but, even so, the fact that even if this decision will not be implemented, it was raised at UNESCO. This absurdity that we, pay attention, Israel in the Middle East, that it is we who are violating the rights of the various religions, that it is we who are not safeguarding the holy places. Is it possible to conceive of anything more absurd? We are not safeguarding? We are the only ones who are scrupulously, carefully and zealously safeguarding. Who would do so if not us? We all know that is happening here in the Middle East as radical Islam blows up mosques, blows up churches, blows up historic sites, slaughters Yazidis, slaughters Muslims who do not agree with them, slaughters Christians, slaughters whoever it can. Who is deserving of condemnation? Certainly not Israel. Israel deserves all possible praise on this issue, as a beacon of light and progress, tolerance and rights.

“It is UNESCO that deserves condemnation not only for its present blindness but for its past blindness as well. That scandalous decision, the scandal that they decided upon two weeks ago, to the effect that the Jewish People have no connection to the Temple Mount, or to Jerusalem at all, is contradicted by the Bible and the entire historical record. Did you know that Titus was a Zionist propagandist? On the Arch they are carrying, 2,000 years ago, after they destroyed the Temple, it was not a mosque. Islam had not yet been founded; that would take several hundred good years. They are carrying the seven-branched menorah, that you know. And the member states of UNESCO also know it.

“But this distortion, that plasters over the whole notion of historical truth, of history in general, this distortion was covered over by another historical find that was made public today by the Israel Antiquities Authority. This was a document or receipt that was sent over 2,700 years ago from Na’arah [see Joshua 16:7], near Jerusalem, and it says in ancient Hebrew, and this is the critical word, but you can see it in Hebrew, ‘[me-a]mat. ha-melekh. me-Na’artah. nevelim. yi’in. Yerushalima’. ‘From the king’s maidservant, from Na’arat, jars of wine, to Jerusalem‘. Here is a letter from the past to UNESCO. It is written Yerushalima. It explains – in Hebrew – our connection to Jerusalem and the centrality of Jerusalem. A servant of the king, certainly a King of Judah. It is from over 2,700 years ago – Jerusalem. In neither Arabic, Aramaic, Greek nor Latin – in Hebrew.

“And indeed this absurdity in the theater of the absurd continues, even if with reduced force. Therefore, I have decided to summon home for consultations our Ambassador to UNESCO and we will decide what to do, what our future steps will be vis-à-vis this organization. But it must be understood that in the end, and it will take time, this absurdity that hurts not only historical truth and present truth, but also – in my view – hurts the UN itself, this absurdity will end as Israel’s strength grows and expands.”

David Israel

Italy’s PM Matteo Renzi: UNESCO Resolution on Jerusalem ‘Like Saying Sun Creates Darkness’

Monday, October 24th, 2016

Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi vows that from now on his nation will vote against anti-Israel resolutions like the one passed by the United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), obliterating Judaism’s historic link with Jerusalem.

Italy abstained in the vote, as did 25 other nations, while 24 member states voted in favor of the resolution. Only six countries had the courage to oppose the resolution advanced by the Palestinian Authority, which labels the Temple Mount and the Western Wall solely by their Muslim names and refers to them only as Islamic holy sites. The resolution contains one single line referring to the Old City of Jerusalem and its walls as being holy to Islam, Christianity and the Jewish people – in that order and worded in that way.

On Friday, Renzi told an Italian radio station during a visit to Brussels, “It is not possible to continue with these resolutions at the UN and UNESCO that aim to attack Israel.

“It is shocking and I have ordered that we stop taking this position (abstaining) even if it means breaking ranks from the position taken by the rest of Europe.

“I have asked diplomats handling these issues to cease doing so. If anyone wants to say something about Israel, let them say it, but they shouldn’t use UNESCO…

“To say that the Jews have no links to Jerusalem is like saying the sun creates darkness,” Renzi said.

The Italian prime minister also vowed to summon Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni when he returns home, to determine why Italy abstained, instead of voting to oppose the resolution.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked Renzi on Saturday for opposing the resolution. In a statement, Netanyahu’s office said the two premiers spoke on Saturday and that the Israeli prime minister told Renzi that “even the theater of the absurd has limits.”

Israel’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Emmanuel Nachshon meanwhile warmly congratulated the Italian government and prime minister for his statement. “We hope Italy guides the way for other European countries, and countries all over the world,” Nachshon said.

Parliamentarians from 17 nations visiting Israel last week also condemned the resolution in a statement, calling it “disconnected from reality.” The lawmakers said they would work towards international recognition of Jerusalem as the “undivided, eternal capital of the State of Israel.” Among the nations represented were Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, Uruguay, Chile and Costa Rica.

Hana Levi Julian

Israeli Jewish Leaders Furious at UNESCO Rejection of Jewish Ties to Jerusalem

Thursday, October 13th, 2016

Jewish Israeli leaders and lawmakers from both sides of the political spectrum, and from the top on down, were furious Thursday at the passage of the resolution by UNESCO — the cultural arm of the United Nations — rejecting any Jewish ties to the Temple Mount.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) passed the resolution 24-6, with 26 abstentions, (2 were absent) naming the Temple Mount only by its Arabic name, and makes reference solely to Al Aqsa Mosque and Haram Al-Sharif, and calling the Western Wall Plaza the Al Buraq Plaza. Its Hebrew name, the Kotel, is mentioned in quotation marks.

The move completely negates the hundreds of archaeological artifacts found in the Old City of Jerusalem in the area of the Western Wall, and among the rubble that was discarded by the Islamic Waqf during its unauthorized construction on the Temple Mount. Many are discoveries that have unequivocally substantiated the Biblical accounts written in the Books of the Old Testament.

No Disagreement Among People of Israel Opposition leader and Labor Party chairman Isaac Herzog accused the UN agency in a Facebook post of rewriting history, distorting the facts and “completely inventing a fantasy” in claiming the Western Wall and the Temple Mount have no connection to the Jewish People.

He called the resolution a “terrible lie” that only “serves to increase hatred.” And to those who might be tempted to divide and conquer, he warned, on this matter, “there is no disagreement among the people of Israel.”

‘Shameful, Embarrassing’ Fellow Laborite Eitan Cabel labeled the resolution “anti-Zionist, shameful and embarrassing,” in a blast similar to that of President Reuven Rivlin, who also called it an “embarrassment.”

Speaking from his Jerusalem residence, Rivlin told media, “No forum or body in the world can come and deny the connection between the Jewish people, the Land of Israel and Jerusalem, and any such body that does so is simply embarrassing itself.

“We can understand criticism, but you cannot change history.”

Jewish Home Agriculture Minister Uri Ariel urged the government to seize the moment to increase Jewish activity on the Temple Mount.

“Especially now, it’s on us as a government to act in defiance of these decisions and to strengthen the Temple Mount and the Jewish presence on the site holiest to the Jewish people,” he said.

Hana Levi Julian

PM Netanyahu : UNESCO Resolution is ‘Theater of the Absurd’

Thursday, October 13th, 2016

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu slammed the UNESCO resolution passed Thursday rejecting Jewish ties to the Temple Mount and Western Wall in Jerusalem.

Speaking at a Bible study gathering at his home, the prime minister urged the members of UNESCO to go visit the Arch of Titus, and “see for themselves” which treasures were plundered during the destruction of the Second Holy Temple in Jerusalem 2,000 years ago.

“The UNESCO theater show continues,” Netanyahu said. “Today it took a ridiculous decision denying the connection between the Jewish people and the Western Wall. It’s like saying that the Chinese have no connection to the Great Wall of China and the Egyptians have no connection to the pyramids,” he said. “What’s next?”

The Western Wall was referred to as Al Buraq Plaza in the resolution, with its Hebrew name, the Kotel, in quotation marks only. UNESCO didn’t even bother to do that with the Temple Mount, referring to it only in Arabic as ‘Haram a-Sharif’ and Al Aqsa Mosque.’ The move clearly promotes the site solely as one sacred to Muslims alone, denying any sanctity or connection to Jews or Christians.

A line acknowledging recognition of Jerusalem “and its walls” as holy to the three monotheistic faiths, beginning with Islam, then Christianity, and finally Judaism, reveals the cunning of the Palestinian Authority attempt to “balance” its resolution so as to avoid the appearance of outright anti-Semitism, but fails to do the job.

The UNESCO vote was passed with a vote of 24 to 6, with 26 abstentions and 2 absences. Voting against the resolution were: the United States, Germany, the Netherlands, Britain, Estonia and Lithuania.

“This resolution flies in the face of, among other things, science as recent archeological excavations, notably in the City of David, have revealed incontrovertible, physical evidence that reaffirms Jewish and Christian ties to the holy city of Jerusalem,” wrote Senator Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Florida) in a letter they wrote together, calling on the U.S. government to do what it could to block passage of the resolution.

U.S. Representative Ted Deutch of South Florida, meanwhile, tweeted the UNESCO vote dangerously seeks to rewrite Jerusalem’s Jewish and Christian history.

An official at the White House told the Jerusalem Post said a response to the letter was in the works.

“The recurring highly politicized use of the UNESCO Executive Board meetings only further underscores the urgent need for the United States to restore its leadership at UNESCO, which has been considerably undercut since the United States ceased funding UNESCO in 2011,” said the official.

Hana Levi Julian

UNESCO Resolution Denies Jewish Ties to Temple Mount, Kotel — Western States Vote Against

Thursday, October 13th, 2016

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on Thursday adopted an anti-Israeli resolution ignoring the historic ties of Jews to the Temple Mount. 24 countries supported the resolution, which expresses doubt in Jewish ties to the Western Wall as well. Six countries voted against, 26 abstained and two were absent.

A senior foreign ministry told Haaretz that Israel’s diplomatic efforts have yielded a significant change in the way the European countries voted, with none of them supporting the resolution put forth by Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, and Sudan, under PA pressure. This marks a significant change from the April vote when European countries, most notably France, supported a similar resolution. This time France, Sweden, Slovenia, Argentina, Togo and India abstained instead of voting in favor.

The countries that voted against the resolution Thursday were the US, the UK, Germany, the Netherlands, Lithuania and Estonia.

The resolution, which condemns Israel for a basketful of violations in Jerusalem and the city’s holy sites, states that Jerusalem is sacred to Judaism, Islam and Christianity, but includes an item regarding the Temple Mount which only names it by its Arabic reference, Al Aqsa Mosque and Haram A-Sharif. The Western Wall Plaza is referred to as the Al Buraq Plaze, and its Hebrew name appears in quotation marks.

President Reuven Rivlin condemned the UNESCO vote questioning the historic connection of the Jewish people to the Temple Mount. Speaking on the eve of Sukkot, Rivlin said, “There is no festival more connected to Jerusalem than Sukkot. The festivals of Israel all highlight the inextricable bond between our people and our land, and no forum or body in the world can come and deny the connection between the Jewish people, the Land of Israel and Jerusalem – and any such body that does so simply embarrasses itself.” The President added, “We can understand criticism, but you cannot change history.”

Over the past few weeks, Israeli ambassadors to Western capitals as well as Israel’s ambassador to UNESCO Carmel Shama-Hacohen have been blitzing their host governments with printed material issued by the foreign ministry proving through the myriad archeological finds the historic connection between the Jews and the Holy Land, Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. The publication‘s cover is a picture of the Arch of Titus depicting Jewish captives carrying the Temple utensils to Rome.

JNi.Media

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/western-members-reject-unesco-resolution-denying-jewish-ties-to-temple-mount-kotel/2016/10/13/

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