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December 11, 2016 / 11 Kislev, 5777

Posts Tagged ‘Asia’

The Most Important New Alliance in Asia

Sunday, September 18th, 2016

{Originally posted to the Tower Magazine website}

Although the precise date of Modi’s visit has yet to be finalized, the first-ever official visit to Israel by a sitting Indian prime minister will testify to the dramatic changes that the Indo-Israeli relationship has undergone since diplomatic normalization occurred in 1992. In understanding these changes, it is essential to recognize that the improvement in Indo-Israeli relations has been consistent under several Indian governments, but has accelerated under governments run by the right-wing Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which governed from 1998-2004 and returned to power under Modi in 2014.

Under the BJP, there has been a noticeable change in how India publicly describes its relationship with Israel. This increase in public visibility has been primarily demonstrated by high-profile diplomatic delegations to Israel, including the first-ever visit by an Indian foreign minister—Jaswant Singh in 2000. During his visit, Singh remarked that growing Indo-Israeli ties reflected a “tectonic shift of consciousness.”

Under the first BJP government, bilateral trade between India and Israel tripled from $675 million in 1998 to $2.1 billion in 2004. Although economic engagement would continue under the Indian National Congress (INC) government led by Manmohan Singh from 2004-2014, it would also be characterized by an absence of high-visibility visits to Israel by top Indian officials and a continuation of India’s hostile voting pattern against Israel at the United Nations.

While visits from high-ranking political delegations have been rare, the development of strong bilateral economic, diplomatic, and security ties has not been affected by their absence. But Modi’s visit to Israel is unlikely to be a mere a photo-op; it signals a deep and profound evolution of Indian foreign policy and will usher in a wholly new era of engagement between India and Israel.

The Indo-Israeli relationship looked very different during the 20th century. Since its recognition of Israel in 1950, India has attempted to maintain a delicate balance vis-à-vis Israel, the Palestinians, and the broader Arab and Muslim world. For much of this period, Indian foreign policy was characterized by a pro-Arab stance.

As a result, full diplomatic relations with Israel would not be established for four decades. Instead, the Indo-Israeli relationship would become characterized by what the Indian academic P.R. Kumaraswamy has described as “non-relations.” Despite Israeli military aid to India during its conflicts with China in 1962 and Pakistan in 1965, India continued to deepen its pro-Arab stance and demonstrated increasing hostility toward Israel.

This process accelerated with the election of Indira Gandhi in 1966. Her government was dependent on small parties, notably communists, which were highly critical of Israel. Partly as a result, by the 1970s, Indian support for the Palestinian cause solidified, and correspondingly, its relationship with Israel worsened. After the Arab League recognized the Palestinian Liberation Organization as the “sole and legitimate” representative of the Palestinians in 1974, India quickly followed suit and permitted the PLO to open an independent office in New Delhi that was elevated to embassy status in 1980.

Ultimately, it was under the leadership of Prime Minister Narasimha Rao that India established full diplomatic relations with Israel in 1992. Given prior Indian hostility or indifference toward Israel, diplomatic normalization was a major shift in Indian foreign policy toward the Middle East. The end of the Cold War and the initiation of the Oslo peace process afforded New Delhi the opportunity to recalibrate its engagement with both Israel and the Palestinians. Normalization allowed for increased economic, cultural, and security cooperation between Israel and India, while still allowing it to advocate on behalf of the Palestinians.

Today, the Indo-Israeli relationship appears to be a success story. Bilateral, non-defense trade between the two countries has averaged $4.6 billion per annum over the last five years. Although discussions over a free trade agreement have been ongoing since 2007, then-Economy Minister Naftali Bennett estimated in 2013 that the deal (if signed) could double bilateral trade to $10 billion in the next five years. In 2015, Israeli Economy Ministry Director-General Amit Lang explained that the long delay in signing the agreement was because the Indian government was apprehensive about its impact on local industry, as well as economic concerns about such agreements in general.

Trade aside, the primary link between India and Israel has been defense cooperation. When the Soviet Union collapsed, India found itself with outdated military hardware and equipment that were unsuitable for combat. At the same time, the Israeli defense industry had focused its attention on developing electronic subsystem upgrades to improve the capabilities and extend the life cycle of military platforms such as planes, ships, and tanks.

It was a perfect match. By 2012, the defense relationship between India and Israel was estimated to be worth approximately $9 billion, with military hardware sales from Israel to India amounting to $1 billion annually. Recent reports have indicated that the Indian Cabinet Committee on Security will soon approve a $3 billion military equipment procurement deal with Israel that will focus on missile technologies. Citing Indian defense military sources, The Times of India reported that this deal will cement Israel’s position as one of the top three arms suppliers to India.

Despite strong economic and defense ties, however, New Delhi has “consciously sought to downplay the extent of its defense ties with Israel, citing national security reasons and minimization of domestic political opposition,” Samuel Rajiv, a senior fellow at the Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses, pointed out.

This is mainly because India is home to 172 million Muslims, the third-largest Muslim population worldwide. Along with this, pro-Palestinian sentiment and official concerns over domestic backlash have been major obstacles to a closer Israel-India relationship. In regard to the defense relationship, Rajiv noted that the bulk of domestic opposition in India has come from the communist parties as well as parties supported by ethnic minority voters, such as the left-wing, socialist Samajwadi Party (SP). In 2008, an SP member of parliament argued that Indian Muslims were not opposed to ties with Israel but were opposed to a military alliance. These remarks came a year after then-Defense Minister A.K. Antony assured the parliament’s upper house that defense cooperation with Israel was only “one of the many dimensions of bilateral cooperation” and was based solely on Indian “national interest and [did not reflect] the warm and mutually beneficial cooperation that [India shares] with friendly Muslim countries.”

After the BJP lost power in 2004, there were concerns that the INC-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) might roll back some of the diplomatic gains. These fears proved largely unfounded: The UPA government deepened and broadened India’s relationship with Israel. Kumaraswamy explained that this occurred because of an important ideological shift in India regarding its diplomatic balancing act vis-à-vis Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The Oslo agreements enabled India to normalize ties with Israel, but starting in 2004, the UPA quietly started to disconnect India’s foreign policy calculations towards Israel from the vagaries of the peace process.

This important change notwithstanding, Indian voting patterns at the UN on motions and resolutions relating to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict remained unchanged. During the UPA’s second term (2009-2014), India criticized Israel at the UN for its actions in 2009’s Operation Cast Lead. India later endorsed the controversial Goldstone Report and pledged to support the “September 2011 UN resolution seeking recognition of a unilaterally declared Palestinian state within the 1967 borders.” These votes reflected long-standing Indian support for the Palestinian cause and reinforces the point made by former U.S. ambassador to India David Mulford that “despite India’s good relations with Israel, India’s interests in forums like the UN are usually in lockstep with Non-Aligned Movement countries, especially on issues related to the Middle East.”

Consequently, the enthusiastic reaction from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu upon learning that Narendra Modi and the BJP had won the 2014 elections indicates their victory’s significance for Israel. Not only did Modi already have a long-standing economic relationship with the Jewish state during his tenure as chief minister of Gujarat province, but the BJP and its leadership have also had a long history of voicing support for Israel.

Thus, Israeli officials were somewhat taken aback when the Modi administration supported a resolution at the UN Human Rights Council that condemned Israel for its military activities during Operation Protective Edge. This decision was perplexing because of the expectation that the Indian government under Modi and the BJP would be more even-handed in its approach toward Israel in international forums.

This confusing episode aside, earlier optimism that a BJP-led government would result in a more balanced Indian approach to the regime was confirmed. Soon after his election, Modi chose to meet with Netanyahu on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly. In July 2015, India chose to abstain from a vote at the Human Rights Council that again condemned Israel for its actions in Operation Protective Edge. The decision shocked the Palestinian ambassador to India, who blamed India’s “burgeoning military relationship with Israel.” Three months later, Pranab Mukherjee became the first sitting Indian president to travel to Israel, where he remarked that Indo-Israeli relations were “excellent.”

Despite such progress, Ronak D. Desai wondered in a recent article for Foreign Policy whether the rekindled relationship between Israel and India under the Modi administration is truly indicative of a fundamental alteration in Indian foreign policy.

There are two important indicators in regard to this question: First, there is Modi’s upcoming visit to Israel. Such visits have often had a momentous impact. Nixon’s visit to China in 1972 fundamentally altered the political dynamics of the Cold War. As the first Arab leader to visit Israel, Anwar Sadat’s 1977 arrival paved the way for the peace treaty that Egypt and Israel would sign two years later.

Second, the recent change in India’s voting pattern at the UN, from its prior auto-pilot anti-Israel stance to one where it has now abstained three times on Israel-related votes, has already been heralded by Jerusalem as reflecting a “qualitative change in the [Indo-Israeli] relationship.” Throw in the personal chemistry between Netanyahu and Modi (reflected in their repeated tweets to each other), and what emerges is not only a repeat of the previous BJP government’s policies, but something much more potent.

Modi’s anticipated visit to Israel represents a historic opportunity to accomplish two interconnected foreign policy objectives. India will demonstrate to its Arab partners that a new era of Indo-Israeli relations is underway. And by establishing a new diplomatic status quo, Modi and the BJP will make it very challenging for the INC or any other political party to reverse it.

Thus, in the debate raised by Desai over whether the recently rekindled Indo-Israeli relationship is more stylistic than substantive in nature, all signs point toward the latter.

india-israel

Israeli President Reuven Rivlin meets with incoming Indian ambassador to Israel Pavan Kapoor at the President’s residence in Jerusalem, August 3, 2016.

Tower Magazine

Far East Meets Middle East in Summit for Religious Leaders

Monday, September 12th, 2016

By Michael Zeff/TPS

Jerusalem (TPS) – Over 20 religious leaders from east Asia arrived in Israel Monday for a four-day summit in Jerusalem. Participants came from countries such as China, South Korea, India, and Japan, representing spiritual traditions of Taoism, Buddhism, Shintoism, Jainism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism. Throughout the upcoming week, they will come face to face with Arab and Israeli religious leaders of Judaism, Islam and Christianity.

“It is time to expand the Israel-Asia dialogue from only diplomatic and economic spheres to religion, spirituality and faith,” summit coordinator Simona Halperin told Tazpit Press Service (TPS). “This is a first meeting in history between the religious leaders of Judaism and those of the eastern faiths.”

The summit was a joint project between the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the American Jewish Committee and the World Council of Religious Leaders (WCRL). Notable guests included the president of the Buddhist Association of China, Xuecheng, Swami Avdeshanand Giri, spiritual leader of millions of Indian Hindus, and Bawa Jain, Secretary-General of the WCRL.

President Reuven Rivlin greeted summit participants.

“Welcome to Jerusalem, the holy city to the religions of the sons of Abraham,” Rivlin told the guests. “Your arrival is a very special event, for many years the interaction between our religions hardly even existed.

“This is no longer the situation, as your visit today shows,” Rivlin said.

Xuecheng and Swami Giri also addressed the summit, saying religious leaders should take a leading role towards solving worldwide social and environmental challenges.

“I’m very happy to be here,” said the Swami. “We have a saying in our colloquial tongue: ‘When you have dialogues, then the wisdom dawns and knowledge comes.’ Dialogue imparts clarity.”

Xuecheng expressed his hope to make lasting friendships among religious leaders in Israel. “Only if we make true friends we can really set the goal of mutual respect and understanding. the Chinese religions are working very hard to call out other religions to help in the construction of a peaceful world,” he said.

According to Halperin, during the four days of the summit the religious leaders will meet with rabbis from all Jewish streams, as well as with Muslim, Druze and Christian leaders. The group will tour holy sites and discuss current events including global warming, the environment, the status of religion in contemporary society, the role of religion in peacemaking and more.

“Our spiritual worlds are very close to each other in that they are not missionary religions which makes them very open and tolerant,” Rabbi Daniel Sperber, a professor of Talmud at Bar-Ilan University and Orthodox rabbi. “I feel a unity and comradery between our peoples, more so than with the western world and Christianity.”

TPS / Tazpit News Agency

Israeli Food Exports Gain Popularity as Economic Ties Expand in East Asia

Wednesday, June 1st, 2016

{Originally posted to The Tower Magazine website}

As Israel’s economic ties expand across East Asia, so does the popularity of the Jewish state’s food products.

Costco stores throughout Japan hosted an Israeli food festival last week, featuring pita, matza, Wissotsky teas, Angel cookies, Adafresh spices, Hanasich tahini, and a variety of Israeli wines. The festival was sponsored by the Israel Export Institute and the economic attaché of the Israeli Ministry of Economy office in Tokyo.

“In 2015, the government decided to take steps to strengthen the economic relations between Israel and Japan. The Israeli and Japanese prime ministers held reciprocal visits over the past several years under this framework,” Ohad Cohen, exports manager for the Ministry of Economy, told Ynet. “We’ve seen great interest for Israeli products and technological cooperation from Japanese companies in a variety of fields including the medical, communications, pharmaceutical, and automation fields,” he added.

The initial contacts between dozens of Israeli and Japanese companies has led to over $1 million in exports.

Another promising market for Israeli food products is opening in Vietnam, which last week hosted an Israeli food festival in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. The events featured cooking demonstrations by Israeli celebrity chef Ruthie Rousso and others. Israeli dishes prepared at the festival included majadra, musabaha style hummus, fresh pita made on site, malabi with pistachios, and sweet Israeli meatballs made with date honey, Ynet reported.

“Over the last several years, Vietnam has greatly developed economically and presents a great opportunity for Israeli industry and food exports,” said Caroline Nevo, the head of the Food and Drink Branch of the Exports Institute. She added that her organization has “seen more interest and demand for Israeli flavors and products in the east, and conversely, we have been expending great efforts to open up markets which will facilitate the entry of Israeli products and fully realize the potential of these markets.”

In addition to the food festivals in Japan and Vietnam, four Israeli wineries — Adir Winery, Morad Winery, Psagot Winery, and Binyamina Winery — attended the China (Guangzhou) International Wine & Spirits Exhibition this year, the largest exhibition of its kind in China.

 

The Tower

Elbit Systems: $70M Deal in Israel, $50M Sale in Asia

Monday, December 28th, 2015

Israel’s Elbit Systems Ltd. defense electronics firm announced Monday that it has been awarded a contract by the Directorate of Production and Procurement of the Israeli Ministry of Defense (“IMOD”), valued at approximately $70 million, for the supply of Electronic Warfare (EW) systems.

The systems, developed and manufactured by Elbit Systems EW and SIGINT – Elisra Ltd., is to be delivered over a five-year period, and will be installed on board all types of Israeli Air Force fighter jets.

Bezhalel (Butzi) Machlis, President and CEO of Elbit Systems, said: “We are proud to provide the Israeli Air Force, recognized as one of the world’s most advanced air forces, advanced EW systems, covering the full range of fighter jets, and we trust that this win will further enhance our position as one of the world’s leading EW manufacturers.

“The modern global air combat arena is extremely challenging, and pilots are facing many new threats. Our systems provide a solution to a wide variety of current and future threats, and we hope that other customers will follow the IMOD and the Israeli Air Force and select our EW systems.”

The company also announced that it has won a new three-year $50 million contract with an Asia-Pacific nation. The firm will supply a “comprehensive airborne solution for use in intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance (ISTAR) missions.”

Through its ISTAR division, Elbit said it will upgrade equipment already deployed in the field, including long-range electro-optical (EO) cameras and sensors. These are to be supplemented with Israel Aerospace Industries unit Elta Systems’ advanced SAR/GMTI Reconnaissance systems, the company said.

The upgraded system will be able to perform advanced functions such as mission planning, battlefield management, terrain analysis and simulation modeling both before and during intelligence-gathering operations.

“By combining multiple sensors, advanced C4I and intelligence analysis systems, all into one integrated solution, we enable customers to carry out more effective and flexible ISTAR operations,” said Machlis.

“There is a growing demand for this sort of solution, and we hope that this project, which marks a significant milestone for us, will lead to more orders from new and existing customers in the near future.”

Hana Levi Julian

AG Weinstein Overrides Judge’s Decision, Permits Soccer on Shabbat

Thursday, September 10th, 2015

(JNi.media) There will be soccer league games in Israel this Shabbat, despite a ruling by Labor Court Judge Ariela Glitzr Katz to the contrary. Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein announced that the policy of ignoring Shabbat labor laws regarding soccer—practiced for more than 50 years in Israel—will continue. In other words, should the teams violate Israel’s labor laws and play this Shabbat, government inspectors will continue to avoid serving them with summonses.

In an interview on Army Radio, Deputy Defense Minister Rabbi Eli Ben-Dahan (Bayit Yehude), criticized Attorney General Weinstein’s ruling, that there is no reason not to hold a soccer game on Shabbat. “If Weinstein were to say the same thing about any other topiv, there would have been a great outcry in response.”

On Tuesday, Israel’s Football Association’s management confirmed that it would not play on the day of rest without the authorization of the Ministry of the Economy. Economy Minister Aryeh Deri (Shas) was not available to extend the league the needed permit absolving them of the requirement to observe Shabbat.

The hullabaloo began when Israel’s professional players’ union demanded to move all league games to weekdays, arguing they wished to spend the holy day of rest with their families, like the rest of the Jewish people. That reversed a practice that some say dates back to the first word war. Minister of Culture and Sport Miri Regev (Likud) said on Wednesday that “we need to reach a compromise between the association, the management, the Ministry of Culture and the teams. Fromt the start, I told the leaders of the Association that some in the Knesset wanted to pass such a law, but we couldn’t make it happen. Now they will have no choice but to be flexible.”

Weinstein’s decision only absolves the football teams from the threat of administrative criminal sanctions. Players, individually or in a class action suit, can still seek remedy from the teams or the players’ union in civil court. The defendants would in turn appeal to the Labor Court for an injunction against holding the games on Shabbat. It was precisely such a petition which has been was filed—and removed in the meantime—which began the entire controversy.

JNi.Media

Why Mariah Carey is a Hero

Friday, August 21st, 2015

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Yishai discusses the tide of performers coming to Israel, and the tide of anti-Iran deal Democratic senators rising up.

It takes guts to overcome the anti-Israel bias and to fly in to perform in Israel. But that is exactly what some performers are doing, like pop superstar Mariah Carey, who performed in front of 12,000 fans at Rishon LeZions’s Live Park Amphitheater. Elie Pieprz, Founder of the International Division of the Counsel of Judea & Samaria and VOI’s Knesset Insider Jeremy Saltan join Yishai to discuss the tide of performers coming to Israel, and the tide of anti-Iran deal Democratic senators rising up.

Yishai Fleisher on Twitter: @YishaiFleisher
Yishai on Facebook

Moshe Herman

Biblical Roots, Modern Ties

Monday, August 3rd, 2015

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Ethan Bearman, syndicated US radio host, interviewsYishai on Israeli history and politics — and the Iranian nuclear threat.

Bearman, author of “Liars & Whores: How Big Government and Big Businesses Are Working to Save Their Assets, Not Yours,” and Yishai talk about the biblical roots and modern ties to Judea and Samaria — the area that is home to one out of six Israelis (and the site of the “so-called” settlements); the peace process; the “two-state solution;” and Iran.

Yishai Fleisher on Twitter: @YishaiFleisher
Yishai on Facebook

Moshe Herman

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/multimedia/radio/yishai-fleisher-on-jewishpress/biblical-roots-modern-ties/2015/08/03/

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