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Pinpointing modern art's origin yields a confusing situation; leading art history books claim many "fathers" of Modern Art: Gauguin, van Gogh, Whistler's "Portrait of the Artist's Mother" and sometimes Monet's "Impression: Sunrise."
The need to reassert a shattered cultural identity should be familiar to Jews.
Who are you? Who am I? Questions of cultural identity among artists have raged from the early twentieth century to yesterday's memoir.
The outsider artist has become a fixture of the postmodern age. There are exhibitions, books, symposia and museums documenting artists who create outside the accepted norms of "fine art." The French artist Jean Dubuffet along with Andre Breton first defined outsider art as Art Brut (Raw Art) in 1945 and collected examples of work they considered "uncooked" by either classical or contemporary cultural influences.