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January 25, 2015 / 5 Shevat, 5775
 
At a Glance

Posts Tagged ‘Mediterranean Sea’

Centuries before Hanukkah: Remains of 8,000-Year Old Olive Oil Found in Galilee

Wednesday, December 17th, 2014

The earliest evidence for the use of olive oil in the country, and possibly the entire Middle East, was revealed at an antiquities site in the Lower Galilee, Israel Antiquities Authority wrote contend in the Israel Journal of Plant Sciences.

Dr. Ianir Milevski and Nimrod Getzov directed an archaeological salvage excavation in 2011–2013 at “En Zippori” in the Lower Galilee, prior to the widening of a highway, and their findings and research indicate that olive oil was already being used in the country 8,000 years ago.

Getzov and Milevski methodically sampled the pottery vessels found in the excavation in order to ascertain what was stored in them and how they were used by the site’s ancient inhabitants. Together with Dr. Dvory Namdar of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Institute of Earth Sciences, they took small pieces of pottery and utilizing chemical methods for extraction and identification examined the organic remains that were absorbed in the sides of the vessel.

These tests revealed that the pottery dating to the Early Chalcolithic period contained olive oil. A comparison of the results of the extraction from the archaeological shards with those of modern, one-year-old oil, showed a strong resemblance between the two, indicating a particularly high level of preservation of the ancient material, which had survived close to its original composition for almost 8,000 years.

Of the 20 pottery vessels sampled, two were found to be particularly ancient, dating to approximately 5,800 BCE. According to the researchers, “In underwater archaeological excavations directed by Dr. Ehud Galili opposite Kfar Samir, south of Haifa, remains of an olive oil industry from this period were previously discovered, whereas now at Zippori, evidence has been found for first time of the use of olive oil.

“Together with the Kfar Samir discovery, this is the earliest evidence of olive oil production in the country, and possibly the entire Levant (the Mediterranean basin).”

Milevski and Getzov said, “It seems that olive oil was already a part of the diet and might also have been used for lighting. Although it is impossible to say for sure, this might be an olive species that was domesticated and joined grain and legumes – the other kinds of field crops that we know were grown then.

“Those crops are known from at least two thousand years prior to the settlement at ‘En Zippori. With the adoption of olive oil the basic Mediterranean diet was complete. From ancient times to the present, the Mediterranean economy has been based on high quality olive oil, grain and must, the three crops frequently mentioned in the Bible.”

 

 

 

The Old Man and the Sea

Wednesday, October 29th, 2014

I couldn’t help myself after I saw the photo above.

The context is that on Tuesday, PM Netanyahu and Yair Lapid were in Southern Ashdod laying a cornerstone for a new seaport.

Netanyahu and Lapid in Ashdod Laying cornerstone

‘Sunken Treasure Chest’ of Ancient Pottery found in Woman’s Basement

Wednesday, January 15th, 2014

“Hello, Israel Antiquities Authority? Look, I am cleaning out my basement and there is a whole bunch of pottery and other stuff here that my family of fishermen left me. Maybe you guys want the junk so my grandchildren can see it in the future?”

That is not a direct quote, but is closer to the truth than what the archaeologists at IAA expected when they arrived at the home of Osnat Lester in the northern Israel tower of Poriya.

They certainly did not they would discover a whole treasure of well-preserved ancient pottery.

They found a bunch of boxed that contained ancient and rare unbroken pottery vessels. Lester explained that a fisherman in her family had hauled the pottery out of the Mediterranean Sea.

The vessels cover several period of time, evidence of the importance of the Mediterranean in journeys my merchants whose wares often were left behind or were sunk, often with their ships, said IAA spokeswoman Yoli Shwartz.

One of the vases was identified as being about 3,000 years old, at the time of the Jewish kingdoms. Other pieces of pottery were from the Roman and Byzantine periods.

 

 

 

 

Official Winter Forecast Indicates Kinneret May Reach Flood Level

Monday, October 28th, 2013

Israel will enjoy average rainfall this winter, according to the Israel Meteorological Service, and there is a good chance that the dam  at the Kinneret (Sea of Galilee) will have to be opened up before summer because of the increasing use of desalinated water from the Mediterranean Sea.

The Meteorological Service said its annual winter forecast has a margin of error of up to 25 percent but generally does not miss the mark more than 10 percent in either direction.

The sea has replaced the Kinneret as Israel’s largest source of water, not including the underground aquifer system that is being replenished thanks to the use of more desalinated water.

The Kinneret rose approximately 2.5 meters (8 feet) last winter, which brought average or slightly more than average rainfall in most regions.

As of Monday morning, the Kinneret was exactly 2.5 meters below the level at which the dams would have to be opened to prevent flooding in the beachside city of Tiberias and neighboring farms and tourist parks. If the forecast turns out to be accurate, the Kinneret will rise to near flood level this year.

Opening the dams would dump more water into the Jordan River, which feeds the Dead Sea that is in desperate need of more water.

In Israel, the prayer that cites God as the “rainmaker” began on Shemini Azereth-Simchat Torah, the day after Sukkot. The actually request for rain began two weeks ago, on the seventh day of the Hebrew month of Cheshvan in Israel. The prayer is not said until December 4 outside of Israel.

If rain does not fall within 30 days of the request, special prayers and fast days are held. From a climactic standpoint, Israel received its first rains a month ago during the Sukkot holiday, when a measurable amount of rain, although only 1 millimeter, was recorded in most of the country.

Most of the rain and snow in Israel usually falls in the months of December, January and February.

Air Force Drone Crashes South of Tel Aviv Coast

Tuesday, October 8th, 2013

An Israeli Air Force drone crashed into the Mediterranean Sea off the coast south of Tel Aviv Tuesday, the second drone crash in three months.

The Navy picked located the debris of the Hermes 450 UAV and brought it experts to analyze the reason for the malfunction, which probably was in the engine, according to preliminary estimates.

The drone was involved in a training exercise and not an intelligence operation, the military said.

US to Question Al Qaeda Suspect Terrorist on Ship in Mediterranean

Tuesday, October 8th, 2013

American authorities said Monday they will question an Al Qaeda terrorist,  re-captured in Tripoli over the weekend, while he is on a Navy ship in the Mediterranean Sea and without reading him his rights, making it impossible to use the information at a trial.

If the terrorist, Abu Anas al-Libi, reveals the same information after later hearing his rights when questioned again in the United States, the information can be used at his trial, NBC reported.

Interrogators from the CIA, the FBI and Navy officers aboard the USS San Antonio will question al-Libi to learn more about Al Qaeda activities both inside Libya and elsewhere.

Al-Libi has been in custody before for bombing attacks on the U.S. Embassy in Libya 15 years ago. Two other terrorists are at large for the attack, while eight others, including Osama bin Laden, have been killed. Nine are in custody and one has died while awaiting trial.

 

Shark Attacks Fish Pond Worker

Sunday, September 29th, 2013

A shark attacked a fish pond worker at the port city of Ashdod Sunday and bit off part of his hand before he was rescued and rushed to a hospital in Tel Aviv., where his is recovering from moderate wounds.

The man, described to be in his late 20s, was working in fish cages when the shark attacked, a relatively rare occurrence in Israel.

Last year, two fishermen were surprised when they caught a shark weighing more than 100 pounds. In April 2005, two sharks were captured in two separate incidents off the coast of Ashkelon, approximately five miles south of Ashdod.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/shark-attacks-fish-pond-worker/2013/09/29/

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