"The twenty-three Jews who sailed into New Amsterdam harbor on a September day in 1654 were to found the first Jewish community in what is today the United States.
In 1654 the Portuguese recaptured the city of Recife, Brazil from the Dutch. This marked the end of the vibrant Jewish community that had flourished under the Dutch beginning in 1630.
In 1654, 23 Jews fleeing persecution in Portugal landed on the shores of New Amsterdam.
Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/sections/magazine/glimpses-ajh/two-founding-american-jewish-fathers/2005/08/03/
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